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Historical Development

P.J.E. Peebles

in Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209821
eISBN:
9780691206738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209821.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents the origins of quantum mechanics. The story of how people hit on the highly non-intuitive world picture of quantum mechanics, in which the physical state of a system is ... More


Wave Mechanics

P.J.E. Peebles

in Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209821
eISBN:
9780691206738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209821.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter develops the wave mechanics formalism. The emphasis here is on symmetries and conservation laws: parity, linear and angular momentum, and the electromagnetic interaction. The only ... More


The Quantum Mechanical State

David Hodgson

in The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240686
eISBN:
9780191680236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240686.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In classical physics, the ‘state’ of a particle, at any particular time, is taken to involve a definite position in space and a definite motion; and the state of a system of particles is taken to ... More


 The world according to quantum mechanics

Frank Arntzenius

in Space, Time, and Stuff

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696604
eISBN:
9780191738333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696604.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses which quantities one should take to be fundamental in quantum mechanics. Five views are discussed: ‘configuration space realism’, ‘wave-function amplitude realism’, ‘density ... More


Models of exchange

Ralph Skomski

in Simple Models of Magnetism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570752
eISBN:
9780191718816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570752.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Ferromagnetism requires a strong force to create the atomic moments and to stabilise the parallel orientation of neighboring moments. The applied magnetic field is unable to compete against ... More


DESCRIPTION OF STATES BY WAVE FUNCTIONS

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses rules for the description of microscopic phenomena. Topics covered include Pauli principle in terms of wave functions, evidence from the helium spectrum, quantum statistics, ... More


Classical Scattering Theory

Peter Monk

in Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508885
eISBN:
9780191708633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter presents basic tools for studying the scattering problem. The Stratton-Chu integral representation of the electromagnetic field is derived as well as the far field pattern of the ... More


The Wave Function of a Godless Universe

Quentin Smith

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the wave function of a Godless universe. It analyses the concept of nothingness, the interpretation of quantum cosmology, and Stephen Hawking's quasi-instrumentalist ... More


Introduction *

Alyssa Ney

in The Wave Function: Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199790807
eISBN:
9780199979660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790807.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The purpose of this introduction is to provide the reader who is unfamiliar with contemporary debates in the metaphysics of quantum mechanics with some background in the central issues that arise in ... More


Reality and the Role of the Wave Function in Quantum Theory

Sheldon Goldstein and Nino Zanghì

in The Wave Function: Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199790807
eISBN:
9780199979660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790807.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The most puzzling issue in the foundations of quantum mechanics is perhaps that of the status of the wave function of a system in a quantum universe. Is the wave function objective or subjective? ... More


THE BUILDING OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses conflict between the random motions of constituent particles of matter and the forces which tend to order them into structures. Topics covered include mass and energy, nuclear ... More


Strangeness and power of the quantum

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

in Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes the non-classical aspects of the quantum theory. The strangeness of the quantum can be traced back to the superposition principle rooted in the linearity of quantum theory. ... More


Abstract Linear Space of State Vectors

P.J.E. Peebles

in Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691209821
eISBN:
9780691206738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691209821.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses abstract linear space of state vectors. The wave mechanics presented in the previous chapter is easily generalized for use in all the applications of quantum mechanics ... More


The Path Not Taken

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The quantum mechanical superposition state — the wave function — takes shape, and the rules for its deterministic evolution and probabilistic interpretation are developed. A clockwork macrocosm in ... More


Bohmian Mechanics

Jeffrey A. Barrett

in The Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198844686
eISBN:
9780191889196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844686.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

We consider how Bohmian mechanics characterizes the behavior of physical systems paying particular attention to what it means to make a measurement in the theory and how one should understand the ... More


The Theory of the Universal Wave Function

Jeffrey Alan Barrett

in The Quantum Mechanics of Minds and Worlds

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199247431
eISBN:
9780191697661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247431.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides a detailed explanation of Everett's three works — his thesis “On the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics”, a short paper entitled “‘Relative State’ Formulation of Quantum ... More


Lattice QCD and nuclear physics

Sinya Aoki

in Modern Perspectives in Lattice QCD: Quantum Field Theory and High Performance Computing: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 93, August 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691609
eISBN:
9780191731792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691609.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter consists of three parts. In the first part, Lüscher's formula, which relates the scattering phase shift to the two particle energy in finite volume, is explained. A comprehensive but ... More


Ontological Reduction and the Wave Function Ontology *

Alyssa Ney

in The Wave Function: Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199790807
eISBN:
9780199979660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790807.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the project of reducing the objects of our manifest image to a wave function ontology. Although there are prima facie difficulties about viewing ourselves and objects like ... More


The Structure of a Quantum World *

Jill North

in The Wave Function: Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199790807
eISBN:
9780199979660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790807.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

I argue that the fundamental space of a quantum mechanical world is the wave function's space. I argue for this using some very general principles that guide our inferences to the fundamental nature ... More


The Wave Function: Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Alyssa Ney and David Z Albert (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199790807
eISBN:
9780199979660
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790807.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This is a new volume of original essays on the metaphysics of quantum mechanics, in particular the ontological status of the wave function. The essays address questions such as: What fundamental ... More


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