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 International Experience with Competing Approaches to Environmental Policy: Results from Six Paired Cases

Winston Harrington and Richard D. Morgenstern

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay presents the results of an international effort to compare the actual outcomes of pollution control policies using economic incentive (EI) instruments with those using direct regulation or ... More


Water Quality and European Environmental Governance

Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

in Environmental Governance in Europe: An Ever Closer Ecological Union?

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257478
eISBN:
9780191698460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines a core subset of EU water directives as a way of illustrating the operation of the EU's system of environmental governance in respect of water policy. First, this chapter ... More


Water and Sanitation

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on water and sanitation. Topics discussed include the importance of water quality; water quality, sanitation, and health; adequacy of freshwater supply to meet the world's needs, ... More


Sanitation, Water Quality and Environment

Philippe Cullet and Sujith Koonan

in Water Law in India: An Introduction to Legal Instruments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070818
eISBN:
9780199080762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070818.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter addresses three distinct but closely linked issues. The first is sanitation, which is intrinsically linked not only to water supply, but also to issues of water quality (health) and the ... More


Water Resources

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter discusses the resource balance between the demand and availability of water – a critical resource for agriculture and livelihood security – in global as well as Indian context. The data ... More


Creating Cases

Keith Hawkins

in Environment and Enforcement: Regulation and the Social Definition of Pollution

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198275145
eISBN:
9780191684111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198275145.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter considers the ways in which dirty water comes to be noticed and defined as pollution, thereby creating a case about which an enforcement agent has to take some action. Of crucial ... More


On a Clear Day, You Can See the Coase Theorem

Barry Nalebuff

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240692
eISBN:
9780191714269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240692.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The Coase theorem states that with zero transaction costs, private and social costs will be equal and the value of production will be maximized. Absence of transaction costs means the world is a ... More


The Interjurisdictional Gray Area

Erin Ryan

in Federalism and the Tug of War Within

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737987
eISBN:
9780199918652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737987.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter Five probes the zone of jurisdictional overlap that belies the dual federalism ideal, where both the states and federal government hold legitimate regulatory interests or obligations. It ... More


Geographers and environmental change

John B. Thornes

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Within geography, physical geography is concerned with the characteristics of the natural environment, the atmosphere, the lithosphere and the biosphere; how they influence human activities and how ... More


Water for the City

Robert Gottlieb and Simon Ng

in Global Cities: Urban Environments in Los Angeles, Hong Kong, and China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035910
eISBN:
9780262338868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035910.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter describes the history and current state of water supply development and the water quality issues that Los Angeles, Hong Kong, and China have needed to address. It identifies the efforts ... More


Property and Water

MICHAEL TAGGART

in Private Property and Abuse of Rights in Victorian England: The Story of Edward Pickles and the Bradford Water Supply

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199256877
eISBN:
9780191719646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256877.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Legal History

This chapter looks at the uncertainty surrounding the law as regarding subterranean water at the time the Bradford Waterworks legislation was being promoted in 1840. This may explain why the Bradford ... More


Mine-water pollution

in Environmental Pollution Studies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239239
eISBN:
9781846313035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239239.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses water pollution caused by discharges of mine water from abandoned coal mines. Ground water that emerges from coal mines is devoid of oxygen and has high levels of sulphate ion. ... More


Environmental Dimensions: Protection, Conservation, and Sustainable Use of Water

Philippe Cullet and Sujith Koonan (eds)

in Water Law in India: An Introduction to Legal Instruments

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199472475
eISBN:
9780199089857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199472475.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter focuses on environmental dimensions of water. The first section of this chapter reproduces general environmental law instruments relevant in the context of protection and conservation of ... More


Water Quality

Lucy Allen

in A Twenty-First Century U.S. Water Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199859443
eISBN:
9780190252632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199859443.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses water quality regulation in the US. Topics covered include federal water quality laws; the Water Pollution Control Act of 1948 and amendments; the Clean water act; the ... More


“Water, Water, Everywhere, Nor Any Drop to Drink”: Land Use and Water Policy in São Paulo, Brazil

Margaret E. Keck

in Livable Cities?: Urban Struggles for Livelihood and Sustainability

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230248
eISBN:
9780520935976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230248.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter presents a brief historical-institutional analysis of where water resource and sanitation issues fit in the development of the São Paulo metropolitan area. It then explains some of the ... More


Ethical Issues in Storm Water Policy Implementation: Disparities in Financial Burdens and Overall Benefits

Sheldon Kamieniecki and Amy Below

in Water, Place, and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262232715
eISBN:
9780262286107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262232715.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter explains the effects of storm water in water sanitation, flooding, and the depletion of groundwater aquifers. Several provisions have been passed by the federal state in order to address ... More


Downstream Dilemma: Water Pollution

Daniel McCool

in River Republic: The Fall and Rise of America's Rivers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161312
eISBN:
9780231504416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161312.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines how water pollution diminished the value of American rivers and destroyed their essence as a natural resource. For more than 200 years, rivers in America were used as a ... More


Environmental and Health Aspects

Philippe Cullet and Lovleen Bhullar (eds)

in Sanitation Law and Policy in India: An Introduction to Basic Instruments

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199456703
eISBN:
9780199085453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199456703.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter includes excerpts from legal and policy instruments focusing on the environmental and health dimensions of sanitation, including water pollution and water quality. It emphasizes ... More


Water

David Langlet and Said Mahmoudi

in EU Environmental Law and Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198753926
eISBN:
9780191831904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753926.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter focuses on the protection and management of fresh water and coastal waters and of maritime waters, respectively. According to the centrepiece of EU water law, water is not ‘a commercial ... More


Cleaning Wisconsin’s Waters: From Command and Control to Collaborative Decision Making

Michael E. Kraft

in Toward Sustainable Communities: Transition and Transformations in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262134927
eISBN:
9780262255523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262134927.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter reviews the recent history of the struggle to clean up the Fox-Wolf River Basin in Northeastern Wisconsin, which surrounds metropolitan Green Bay. It highlights the strategies used ... More


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