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The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1

Keith DeRose

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564460
eISBN:
9780191721410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564460.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Contextualism is the view that the epistemic standards that a subject must meet in order for a sentence attributing knowledge to her to be true vary according to the contexts in which those sentences ... More


The Architecture of Theology: Structure, System, and Ratio

A. N. Williams

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199236367
eISBN:
9780191728556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236367.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This work proposes a new reading of Christian theology. Examining theological warrants, philosophical debates over the structures of arguments, and the role of beauty in intellectual structures, it ... More


International Society—The Duty Either to Extradite or Prosecute

Jason Ralph

in Defending the Society of States: Why America Opposes the International Criminal Court and its Vision of World Society

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214310
eISBN:
9780191706615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214310.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter follows on from the previous by exploring how the pluralist – solidarist distinction at the heart of English School inquiry manifests itself in the question of whether states have a ... More


Part III—Conclusions

Yuval Ginbar

in Why Not Torture Terrorists?: Moral, Practical, and Legal Aspects of the "Ticking Bomb" Justification for Torture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199540914
eISBN:
9780191716256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540914.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter concludes Part III, which examines four models of legalized torture. Neither Israel nor the USA have succeeded in limiting torture to ticking bomb situations (or to high value ... More


Warrant: The Current Debate

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078626
eISBN:
9780199833559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078624.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book and in its sequels, Warrant and Proper Function and Warranted Christian Belief, I examine the nature of epistemic warrant, that quantity, enough of which distinguishes knowledge from ... More


Warrant and Proper Function

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078640
eISBN:
9780199872213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078640.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book and in its companion volumes, Warrant: The Current Debate and Warranted Christian Belief, I examine the nature of epistemic warrant, that quantity enough of which distinguishes knowledge ... More


Responses to Evidential Ambiguity: Isolationist and Reformed Epistemologies

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers whether fideism might be avoided through alternative approaches to the (assumed) evidential ambiguity of theism. Isolationist (Wittgensteinian) epistemology (often linked to ... More


Self-Knowledge

Anthony Hatzimoysis (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199590728
eISBN:
9780191725456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590728.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Self-knowledge has always been a central topic of philosophical inquiry. It is hard to think of a major philosopher, from ancient times to the present, who refrained from pronouncing on the nature, ... More


Compliance with Decisions of the International Court of Justice

Constanze Schulte

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199276721
eISBN:
9780191707667
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276721.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book examines the compliance record of state parties to proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial body of the United Nations. It undertakes a ... More


Knowledge on Trust

Paul Faulkner

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589784
eISBN:
9780191725517
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589784.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The book aims to present an epistemological theory of testimony, or a theory that explains how it is that we acquire knowledge and warranted belief from testimony. The key questions are: what makes ... More


Goods

Robert C. Roberts and W. Jay Wood

in Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283675
eISBN:
9780191712661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283675.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Recent Anglo-American epistemology has largely focused on propositional knowledge: true belief with a third, good-making property (justification, warrant). This chapter proposes a broadened ... More


The Trust Theory

Paul Faulkner

in Knowledge on Trust

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589784
eISBN:
9780191725517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589784.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter draws together the conclusions of previous chapters to present the trust theory of testimony. According to this theory, one needs to possess reasons to be warranted in testimonial ... More


Two Purposes of Arguing and Two Epistemic Projects

Martin Davies

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter borrows what Frank Jackson says about propounding arguments, a phenomenon in the dialectical domain, and transposes it to the epistemological domain. It seeks to clarify the notion of ... More


Can A Priori Entitlement be Preserved by Testimony?

Ram Neta

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

In his influential article “Content Preservation”, Tyler Burge argues for the highly unorthodox thesis that, at least under some circumstances, when someone who is a priori entitled to believe that p ... More


Moderate Epistemological Foundationalism

Randal Rauser

in Theology in Search of Foundations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Alvin Plantinga's moderate foundationalism is rooted philosophically in Thomas Reid's common‐sense realism, while its theological background is found in the emphasis within Reformed theology upon ... More


Theology as Foundational and Analytic

Randal Rauser

in Theology in Search of Foundations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199214600
eISBN:
9780191706509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214600.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The best hope to revive theology with the attendant questions of warrant is found in a broadly realist account of theological enquiry which grounds the rigour and integrity of theological argument. ... More


Comment on John McDowell's ‘The Disjunctive Conception of Experience as Material for a Transcendental Argument’

Crispin Wright

in Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231546
eISBN:
9780191716126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231546.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In his contribution to the present volume, John McDowell proposes a distinctive kind of ‘transcendental’ argument for the disjunctive conception of experience, and renews his claim that the latter ... More


What Should We Do about Torture?

James Griffin

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter attempts to clarify the claim that there should be an absolute prohibition against torture. To clarify the claim, it is important to have a clear understanding of what we mean by ... More


The ‘Torture Warrants’ Model

Yuval Ginbar

in Why Not Torture Terrorists?: Moral, Practical, and Legal Aspects of the "Ticking Bomb" Justification for Torture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199540914
eISBN:
9780191716256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540914.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter describes and analyzes the theoretical ‘torture warrants’ model, according to which judges would issue warrants for torture in ticking bomb situations in the same way that they issue ... More


A Critique of Reductionism and Non‐Reductionism

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on the topic of testimonial justification or warrant, where the two central views on this topic are critiqued: reductionism and non-reductionism. Against reductionism, it is ... More


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