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“Germany Belongs in the Western World”: Germany and Consensus Politics in America, 1945–1959

Brian C. Etheridge

in Enemies To Allies: Cold War Germany and American Memory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166407
eISBN:
9780813166636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166407.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter shows how coalitions formed around different understandings of Germany in the early postwar period. Once decided upon a policy of rehabilitation toward Germany, the American government ... More


The Nuclear Revolution

Michael Quinlan

in Thinking About Nuclear Weapons: Principles, Problems, Prospects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199563944
eISBN:
9780191721274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563944.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter starts with the destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by nuclear weapons in 1945, to terminate World War II. It considers what people at the time thought about the significance of this, ... More


International Affairs

David P. Barash

in Threats: Intimidation and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190055295
eISBN:
9780197523209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190055295.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter explores how the use of military threats—that is, deterrence—has operated between and among nations. It begins with a brief history of conventional deterrence aimed at preventing wars by ... More


‘The nuclear arms race is psychological at its roots’:1 physicians and their therapies for the Cold War

Claudia Kemper

in Understanding the Imaginary War: Culture, Thought and Nuclear Conflict, 1945-90

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784994402
eISBN:
9781526115126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994402.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

How did physicians feed the imagination of the Cold War? The example of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) clearly illustrates how medical expertise drew attention on ... More


Introduction

Jaroslav Tir and Johannes Karreth

in Incentivizing Peace: How International Organizations Can Help Prevent Civil Wars in Member Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190699512
eISBN:
9780190699550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699512.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

We describe the deleterious consequences of civil wars and note that, despite some successes, common conflict management techniques (mediation, intervention, peacekeeping) still leave much room for ... More


Punishing and Preventing War Crimes

Matthew Talbert and Jessica Wolfendale

in War Crimes: Causes, Excuses, and Blame

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190675875
eISBN:
9780190675905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675875.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 7 turns to the question of the punishment and prevention of war crimes. While the bases of legal liability for participation in war crimes are complex, our account of responsibility has ... More


Perfect Deterrence Theory

Frank C. Zagare

in Game Theory, Diplomatic History and Security Studies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198831587
eISBN:
9780191869525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831587.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Applied Mathematics

This chapter introduces perfect deterrence theory and contrasts it with classical deterrence theory, which is the prevailing realist theory of interstate war prevention. How and under what conditions ... More


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