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Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


A Critique of the Court's Free Exercise Clause Jurisprudence in the U.S. Supreme Court Case of Employment Division v. Smith

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The 1990 case of Employment Division v. Smith was decided against the defendants, but when analyzed using casuistry it is found to be an easy case for upholding their free exercise right. The state ... More


The War on Drugs and the Role of SOUTHCOM

Juan Gabriel Tokatlian

in Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060682
eISBN:
9780813050935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060682.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The chapter highlights the role of the military in counternarcotics policy, focusing particularly on Colombia and Mexico. Since the mid-1990s, SOUTHCOM has played a key part in the U.S. counter-drug ... More


Dispatches from the Drug Wars

Joseph Darda

in Empire of Defense: Race and the Cultural Politics of Permanent War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226632896
eISBN:
9780226633084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226633084.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter takes literally President Richard Nixon’s 1971 declaration of a war on drugs. The empire of defense emerged from the anticommunist consensus assembled in the wake of World War II. When ... More


Illicit Drugs in the Colombia-U.S. Relationship: Review and Prospects

Arlene B. Tickner and Carolina Cepeda

in Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060682
eISBN:
9780813050935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060682.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The chapter evaluates the U.S.-Colombian relationship regarding drug control policies. The first section of the work identifies the basic assumptions of the war on drugs, highlighting the trends of ... More


Prohibition

Natasha Du Rose

in The governance of female drug users: Women's experiences of drug policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781847426727
eISBN:
9781447307839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426727.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Chapter 4 focuses on the impact of the technology of prohibition on the lives of female users. It examines how the war on drugs is a war on women. How drug policy discourses in the UK, US and Canada ... More


The Enemy Within: Drug Gangs and Police Militarization

Max Felker-Kantor

in Policing Los Angeles: Race, Resistance, and the Rise of the LAPD

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469646831
eISBN:
9781469646855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646831.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

Reductions to social service and urban aid budgets by the Reagan administration, economic crises, and growing conservatism among middle-class white voters reshaped political possibilities during the ... More


The War on Drugs and Mass Incarceration

Miriam Boeri

in Hurt: Chronicles of the Drug War Generation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293465
eISBN:
9780520966710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293465.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The War on Drugs started when baby boomers entered young adulthood, and it escalated into the most intense and systemic punitive response to nonviolent criminals ever seen in modern history, fueling ... More


Drug-Control Policies in the United States: Patterns, Prevalence, and Problems of Drug Use in the United States

Bruce M. Bagley

in Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060682
eISBN:
9780813050935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060682.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores U.S. drug policies and provides a critical analysis of the war on drugs. This piece examines the results of such policies and highlights what policies have historically and ... More


The Afghan Connection: Smuggling, Heroin, and Nixon’s War on Drugs in Afghanistan

James Tharin Bradford

in Poppies, Politics, and Power: Afghanistan and the Global History of Drugs and Diplomacy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501738333
eISBN:
9781501738340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501738333.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores how Richard Nixon’s War on Drugs transformed efforts by the Afghan government to stop the illicit drug trade. Greater pressure from the US government to enforce local drug laws ... More


Political context

Natasha Du Rose

in The governance of female drug users: Women's experiences of drug policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781847426727
eISBN:
9781447307839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426727.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Chapter 3 provides a general picture of the political domain in which specific drug policies in the UK, the US and Canada have emerged. The ‘mentalities’, ‘governmental rationalities’ or ‘political ... More


The Business Of Getting High: Head Shops, Countercultural Capitalism, and the Battle Over Marijuana

Joshua Clark Davis

in From Head Shops to Whole Foods: The Rise and Fall of Activist Entrepreneurs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231171588
eISBN:
9780231543088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171588.003.0004
Subject:
History, Economic History

Chapter three examines countercultural entrepreneurs who sold paraphernalia for enhancing LSD trips or for smoking marijuana at small stores called head shops. Head shop owners hoped their stores ... More


Unpacking the Crisis: Women of Color, Globalization, and the Prison-Industrial Complex

Julia Sudbury

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

The emergence of a vibrant anti-prison movement has brought attention to the crisis of mass incarceration in the United States. Although men make up over 90 percent of prison populations in the ... More


Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean in the Twenty-First Century: Challenges to Democracy

Bruce M. Bagley

in Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060682
eISBN:
9780813050935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060682.003.0021
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter analyzes the major trends in drug trafficking and organized crime in the region. It explores the consequences of the U.S.-led war on drugs in the Americas and provides an excellent ... More


Drug Prohibition and Its Alternatives

John J. Donohue III

in Lessons from the Economics of Crime: What Reduces Offending?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019613
eISBN:
9780262314633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019613.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Both legal (alcohol, tobacco) and illegal drugs impose substantial costs on society, but the nature of the costs varies dramatically between use and prohibition costs. This paper tries to assess ... More


The Law Has a Bad Opinion of Me: Chicago’s Punitive Turn

Simon Balto

in Occupied Territory: Policing Black Chicago from Red Summer to Black Power

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649597
eISBN:
9781469649610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649597.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Overlapping chronologically with the preceding chapter, chapter 4 explores a localized “punitive turn” in Chicago’s policing arrangement during the late 1940s and especially in the 1950s. Driven by ... More


Analytical Conclusions: The Search for Alternative Drug Policies in the Americas

Bruce M. Bagley and Jonathan D. Rosen

in Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060682
eISBN:
9780813050935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060682.003.0020
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The chapter highlights the major lessons of the volume and examines the various challenges that exist in the future. The chapter also proposes several policy options.


Hurt: Chronicles of the Drug War Generation

Miriam Boeri

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293465
eISBN:
9780520966710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293465.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Hurt: Chronicles of the Drug War Generation weaves engaging first-person accounts of baby boomer drug users, including the account of the author’s own brother, a heroin addict. The compelling stories ... More


Milton Friedman, Drug Legalization, and Public Policy

Mark Thornton

in Milton Friedman: Contributions to Economics and Public Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198704324
eISBN:
9780191773761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704324.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter discusses Milton Friedman’s writings on the topic of drug legalization and his efforts to end the “War on Drugs.” As a vocal advocate for drug legalization, Friedman brought the idea to ... More


The Unintended Consequences of Prison Litigation, 1980–1991

Heather Schoenfeld

in Building the Prison State: Race and the Politics of Mass Incarceration

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226520964
eISBN:
9780226521152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226521152.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter describes Florida state officials’ compliance with the court order to reduce prison overcrowding. Civil Rights lawyers had high hopes that prison conditions litigation would reduce ... More


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