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Command Responsibility

Fred L. Borch

in Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198777168
eISBN:
9780191822964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777168.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Dutch prosecuted commanders for the war crimes committed by their subordinates, even though these commanders had not personally participated in the criminal acts and perhaps did not even know ... More


Public Schools in a Punitive Era

Lizbet Simmons

in Prison School: Educational Inequality and School Discipline in the Age of Mass Incarceration

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520281455
eISBN:
9780520293144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281455.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter first charts the complex dynamics that have pushed students from school and pulled them toward the criminal justice system, setting up the terms of a black prison diaspora that are ... More


The Securitization of Transnational Crime

Michael McKenzie

in Common Enemies: Crime, Policy, and Politics in Australia-Indonesia Relations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198815754
eISBN:
9780191853432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815754.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter asks: what is driving criminal justice cooperation between Australia and Indonesia? By tracing various ‘wars on crime’ waged by both countries since the 1970s, it reveals how the ... More


Guilt Confessions and Amnesty Campaigns

Katharina von Kellenbach

in The Mark of Cain: Guilt and Denial in the Post-War Lives of Nazi Perpetrators

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199937455
eISBN:
9780199345861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937455.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Germany's guilt discussions began immediately after the military defeat of Nazi Germany in May 1945. The Protestant Church in Germany (EKD) and the Roman Catholic Church shaped these conversations: ... More


Introduction: Overpoliced and Underprotected in America

Simon Balto

in Occupied Territory: Policing Black Chicago from Red Summer to Black Power

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469649597
eISBN:
9781469649610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649597.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The introduction lays out the book’s key parameters. It offers a framework by which Black communities are shown to be simultaneously prone to being “overpoliced” (subject to undue surveillance, ... More


The Middle District and the War on Crime, 1968–1976

James M. Denham

in Fifty Years of Justice: A History of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060491
eISBN:
9780813050638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060491.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapters covers the federal government’s “War on Crime” as initiated by the Johnson and continued by the Nixon Administration. The chapter also introduces the Nixon-Ford appointments to the ... More


The “At-Risk Youth Industry”

Lizbet Simmons

in Prison School: Educational Inequality and School Discipline in the Age of Mass Incarceration

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520281455
eISBN:
9780520293144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281455.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter explains how and why public schools and prisons have collaborated in the War on Crime era. It shows that the punitive shift in education catalyzes youth correctional vulnerability while ... More


The Model Penal Code and the War on Crime

Markus D. Dubber

in The Dual Penal State: The Crisis of Criminal Law in Comparative-Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198744290
eISBN:
9780191805752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198744290.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Part III of Dual Penal State uses dual penal state analysis to generate a comparative-historical account of American penality. With comparative glimpses at Germany and, to a lesser extent, England, ... More


Protect Ya Neck: Global Incarceration, Islam, and the Black Radical Imagination

Sohail Daulatzai

in Black Star, Crescent Moon: The Muslim International and Black Freedom beyond America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675852
eISBN:
9781452947600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675852.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter investigates how, in the post-9/11 period, the U.S. security state has collapsed the figures of Black criminal and Muslim terrorist into the term “Black Muslim”. By analyzing and ... More


Undereducated and Overcriminalized in New Orleans

Lizbet Simmons

in Prison School: Educational Inequality and School Discipline in the Age of Mass Incarceration

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520281455
eISBN:
9780520293144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281455.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter looks closely at New Orleans to show how punitive school disciplinary measures endorse the War on Crime, compounding the academic problems of African American students within the city's ... More


The New Judicial Selection Landscape

Charles Gardner Geyh

in Who is to Judge?: The Perennial Debate Over Whether to Elect or Appoint America's Judges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190887148
eISBN:
9780190939885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190887148.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Chapter 3 maps the current judicial selection landscape by describing a series of developments decades in the making that has altered the political environment of judicial elections in fundamental ... More


When the Police Knock Your Door In

Alice Goffman

in Violence at the Urban Margins

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780190221447
eISBN:
9780190221461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190221447.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies, Law, Crime and Deviance

The unique rise in US imprisonment over the past forty years is disproportionately borne by Black young men with little schooling. In poorer Black neighborhoods, historically high incarceration rates ... More


America’s Internal Penal Exceptionalism

Markus D. Dubber

in The Dual Penal State: The Crisis of Criminal Law in Comparative-Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198744290
eISBN:
9780191805752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198744290.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Part III of Dual Penal State uses dual penal state analysis to generate a comparative-historical account of American penality. With comparative glimpses at Germany and, to a lesser extent, England, ... More


The Dual Penal State: The Crisis of Criminal Law in Comparative-Historical Perspective

Markus D. Dubber

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198744290
eISBN:
9780191805752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198744290.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Dual Penal State: The Crisis of Criminal Law in Comparative-Historical Perspective addresses one of today’s most pressing social and political issues: the rampant, at best haphazard, and ... More


Introduction: The Crisis of the Modern Penal State

Markus D. Dubber

in The Dual Penal State: The Crisis of Criminal Law in Comparative-Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198744290
eISBN:
9780191805752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198744290.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Dual Penal State is about the collective failure to address the fundamental challenge of legitimating the threat and use of penal violence in modern liberal states. The introduction introduces key ... More


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