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Anglo‐American Cooperation for Internationalism: Keynes's Second World War Vision for a Post‐war World

Donald Markwell

in John Maynard Keynes and International Relations: Economic Paths to War and Peace

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198292364
eISBN:
9780191715525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292364.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

From July 1940 until his death in April 1946, Keynes returned to the Treasury to work on wartime and post-war issues, including several visits to the USA between 1941 and 1946. Keynes contributed to ... More


Keynes as a Classical Liberal

Donald Markwell

in John Maynard Keynes and International Relations: Economic Paths to War and Peace

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198292364
eISBN:
9780191715525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292364.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Keynes was, in a phrase he frequently used, brought up to accept certain ideas that were central to the classical liberalism of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He worked in the British ... More


The First World War, 1914–1919 1

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The First World War had a threefold effect on the Treasury: the functions of the department were extended on the finance side; Treasury control over public expenditure and establishments was greatly ... More


The Problem with Necker’s Compte Rendu au roi (1781)

Joël Félix

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Despite its iconic status, Necker's Compte-rendu au roi is one of the most debated but least understood historical documents of the Ancien Regime. This chapter challenges the assumption that the ... More


The Problem of Inflation in Germany: (October 16,1944)

Franz Neumann

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0022
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the problem of inflation in Germany. In 1914 the German government based its war finance program on the assumption that World War I would be short. No additional taxation was ... More


The Second World War, 1939–1945

G. C. Peden

in The Treasury and British Public Policy, 1906–1959

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207078
eISBN:
9780191677472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207078.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The Treasury lost much of its authority between 1940 and 1945, as far as the conduct of the Second World War was concerned, but it played an important role in financial diplomacy and in planning ... More


How States Pay for Wars

Rosella Cappella Zielinski

in How States Pay for Wars

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter explains how states confront the costs of fighting a war. In 1749, the poet Samuel Johnson had written that wars result in such vast sums of debt that they bankrupt the state, while Adam ... More


Equal to the Severest Trials: Mr. Madison’s War

Max M. Edling

in A Hercules in the Cradle: War, Money, and the American State, 1783-1867

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226181578
eISBN:
9780226181608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226181608.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The War of 1812 is often treated as a monumental failure ofwar administration. Chapter four argues that in the sphere of war finance, this reputation is exaggerated. The financing of the war ... More


Leviathan and the Investment Banks

Alan D. Morrison and William J. Wilhelm Jr.

in Investment Banking: Institutions, Politics, and Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296576
eISBN:
9780191712036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296576.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter traces developments in the investment banking industry in the first half of the 20th century. It discusses the contemporary reasoning that led away from the minimal state and towards a ... More


Confronting the Costs of War, 1823–2003

Rosella Cappella Zielinski

in How States Pay for Wars

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter seeks to lay the foundation of future war finance studies through a series of descriptive statistics using a novel data set. The data set encompasses all interstate war principal ... More


A Rank among the Very First of Military Powers: Mr. Lincoln’s War

Max M. Edling

in A Hercules in the Cradle: War, Money, and the American State, 1783-1867

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226181578
eISBN:
9780226181608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226181608.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The Civil War witnessed wartime mobilization on an unprecedented scale and made the previous wars fought by the United States look like relatively minor affairs (ch. 4 and 5). Chapter six analyzes ... More


War and Politics

Stephen Conway

in War, State, and Society in Mid-Eighteenth-Century Britain and Ireland

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199253753
eISBN:
9780191719738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253753.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter explores the impact of the two wars on ‘high’ and ‘low’ politics. The content and structure of politics were affected, with Whigs and Tories burying their differences and entering ... More


A Hercules in the Cradle: War, Money, and the American State, 1783-1867

Max M. Edling

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226181578
eISBN:
9780226181608
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226181608.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

A Hercules in the Cradle traces the evolution of United States central state capacity in the sphere of fiscal policy and public finance. It demonstrates how within merely a few years after ... More


Making Money, Making War

Rosella Cappella Zielinski

in How States Pay for Wars

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This introductory chapter discusses the topic of war finance and the significance of its study, arguing that military power stems from an economic base. Without wealth, soldiers cannot be paid, ... More


Taxation and Currency Reserves During the Russo-Japanese War

Rosella Cappella Zielinski

in How States Pay for Wars

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter continues to explore external war finance while also emphasizing the capacity to extract revenue, this time by comparing Japanese and Russian war finance policies. The Japanese ... More


How States Pay for Wars

Rosella Capella Zielinski

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Armies fight battles, states fight wars. To focus solely on armies is to neglect the broader story of victory and defeat. Military power stems from an economic base, and without wealth, soldiers ... More


Britain and Currency Reserves During World War II and the Crimean War

Rosella Cappella Zielinski

in How States Pay for Wars

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter contends that the variations in Britain's war financing during World War II and the Crimean War were due to the source of war inputs and a state's ability to cope with low currency ... More


Truman and the Korean War

Rosella Cappella Zielinski

in How States Pay for Wars

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter focuses on the financing of the Korean War and its within-case variation. Korean War finance can be divided into two periods, from June 1950 to mid-1951 and from mid-1951 to the end of ... More


Long War Finance in Perspective

Rosella Cappella Zielinski

in How States Pay for Wars

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This concluding chapter returns to the arguments presented in the previous chapters and emphasizes that how states pay for long wars provides leaders with opportunities to expand or contract the ... More


Johnson and the Vietnam War

Rosella Cappella Zielinski

in How States Pay for Wars

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter argues that, in contrast to the Korean War, differing inflation fears and public support for the Vietnam War explain the variation in outcome. Similar to President Truman, President ... More


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