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Sovereignty at Sea: U.S. Merchant Ships and American Entry into World War I

Rodney Carlisle

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813037622
eISBN:
9780813041612
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037622.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This book demonstrates that, although President Woodrow Wilson worked to maintain United States neutrality during World War I, his administration's policies resulted in a decision by Germany to ... More


Declarations of War in Interstate War

Tanisha M. Fazal

in Wars of Law: Unintended Consequences in the Regulation of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501719813
eISBN:
9781501719790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501719813.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter asks: why have states stopped issuing formal declarations of war in interstate war? The chapter begins with an historical overview of the use of declarations of war, then moves to an ... More


Declaring War as an Issue in Chinese Wartime Diplomacy

Tsuchida Akio

in Negotiating China's Destiny in World War II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780804789660
eISBN:
9780804793117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789660.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

China declared war on Japan only after Pearl Harbor, while Japan never followed suit. Tsuchido Akio demonstrates that contrary to generally held opinion, China did not decline to declare war on Japan ... More


The Agony of Woodrow Wilson

Rodney Carlisle

in Sovereignty at Sea: U.S. Merchant Ships and American Entry into World War I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813037622
eISBN:
9780813041612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037622.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

Over the period March 20–April 2, 1917, Wilson did not reveal publicly his decision regarding war. On March 21, the US merchant ship Healdton was sunk off the Netherlands with 21 deaths, including 15 ... More


Aztec, Missourian, Marguerite, and Congress

Rodney Carlisle

in Sovereignty at Sea: U.S. Merchant Ships and American Entry into World War I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813037622
eISBN:
9780813041612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037622.003.0011
Subject:
History, Military History

Prior to the final decision of Congress, three more ships were sunk by German submarines: the Aztec, the Missourian, and the Marguerite. Word of the sinking of the first two reached Congress before ... More


. The Sovereign and the Terrorist

Marc Redfield

in The Rhetoric of Terror: Reflections on 9/11 and the War on Terror

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823231232
eISBN:
9780823241118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823231232.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

The United States has not issued a formal declaration of war since the Second World War. According to Bob Woodward's account of the Bush administration's response to the September 11 attacks, in a ... More


And the War Came: March—April 1917

Justus D. Doenecke

in Nothing Less Than War: A New History of Americas Entry into World War I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813130026
eISBN:
9780813135755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813130026.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

After German U-boats sank several unarmed American ships as well as other neutral and belligerent vessels in March 1917, Wilson realized that it was Germany's intention to destroy all commerce and ... More


Declarations of War and Truce Agreements

Theodor Meron

in Henry's Wars and Shakespeare's Laws: Perspectives on the Law of War in the Later Middle Ages

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198258117
eISBN:
9780191681790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198258117.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The Duke of Exeter, who served as a representative and an ambassador for the King to French court, delivered an ultimatum to the King of France — which concerned Henry V's inheritance and right to ... More


Wars of Law: Unintended Consequences in the Regulation of Armed Conflict

Tanisha M. Fazal

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781501719813
eISBN:
9781501719790
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501719813.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This book assesses the unintended consequences of the proliferation of the laws of war. In 1856 there was one codified law of war. In 2018, there are over 70 such laws, and they place increasing ... More


The Voyage of the Vigilancia

Rodney Carlisle

in Sovereignty at Sea: U.S. Merchant Ships and American Entry into World War I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813037622
eISBN:
9780813041612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037622.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

The merchant ship Vigilancia was sunk without warning on March 16, 1917, while bound for Britain with a cargo containing contraband of war. Most of the seamen escaped with their lives, but fifteen ... More


The Powers of War and Peace: The Constitution and Foreign Affairs after 9/11

John Yoo

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226960319
eISBN:
9780226960333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226960333.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Since the September 11 attacks on the United States, the Bush administration has come under fire for its methods of combating terrorism. Waging war against al Qaeda has proven to be a legal quagmire, ... More


The Congressman in War and Peace

James K. Libbey

in Alben Barkley: A Life in Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813167138
eISBN:
9780813167831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167138.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Because of issues related to German submarines, freedom of the seas, and the Zimmermann telegram, Barkley spoke and voted in favor of war with Germany in April 1917. He strongly supported war ... More


A Wider War and Deeper Discord

John T. Juricek

in Colonial Georgia and the Creeks: Anglo-Indian Diplomacy on the Southern Frontier, 17331763

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034683
eISBN:
9780813038582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034683.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter sheds light on the period when King George II declared war on France in 1744. The focus of the campaigns fought elsewhere shifted from the south to the west and the southeast became more ... More


National Security and Foreign Policy

David Brian Robertson

in The Original Compromise: What the Constitution’s Framers Were Really Thinking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199796298
eISBN:
9780199979707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796298.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The task of creating a national government strong enough to defend the nation and suppress rebellion, but not strong enough to suppress Americans' liberty, created a huge problem for the delegates. ... More


Victories in the South: Custozza and Lissa 1866

Richard Bassett

in For God and Kaiser: The Imperial Austrian Army, 1619-1918

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300178586
eISBN:
9780300213102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178586.003.0016
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on the Habsburg forces' successful campaigns in Italy. Less than two weeks before Königgrätz, Vittorio Emanuele had declared war on Austria in accordance with his alliance with ... More


The Sino-Japanese War and the Collapse of the Qing and Confucian World Order in the Face of Japanese Imperialism and European Acquiescence

Patrick Sze-lok Leung and Bijun Xu

in Morality and Responsibility of Rulers: European and Chinese Origins of a Rule of Law as Justice for World Order

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780199670055
eISBN:
9780191749438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199670055.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The First Sino-Japanese War (1894–95) has been perceived as a sign of a new East Asian power order, but the legitimacy of the war has yet to be clarified. The Japanese foreign minister Mutsu’s ... More


Murder Among Nations

George P. Fletcher and Jens David Ohlin

in Defending Humanity: When Force is Justified and Why

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199757213
eISBN:
9780190260248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199757213.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses some of the uncertainties that arise in declaring war under the UN Charter. Under the Charter, military operations are justified in the eyes of international law in only two ... More


. Florida, the Caribbean, and Georgia, 1739–1748

Douglas Edward Leach

in Roots of Conflict: British Armed Forces and Colonial Americans, 1677-1763

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807842584
eISBN:
9781469603988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898796_leach.7
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter shows how Britain's declaration of war against Spain in October 1739 gave Oglethorpe a desired opportunity to mount an offensive against Florida, with the objective of capturing St. ... More


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