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Introduction

Donald Bloxham

in Genocide on Trial: War Crimes Trials and the Formation of Holocaust History and Memory

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208723
eISBN:
9780191717017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208723.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter begins with a brief explanation of the purpose of the book, which is to show that the war crimes trials did little to clarify conceptualizations of Nazi criminality in the ... More


The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Kevin Jon Heller

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book provides a comprehensive legal analysis of the twelve war crimes trials held in the American zone of occupation between 1946 and 1949, collectively known as the Nuremberg Military Tribunals ... More


Justice for ‘Asian’ Victims: The Australian War Crimes Trials of the Japanese, 1945–51

Narrelle Morris

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the Australian war crimes trials from 1945 to 1951. Specifically, it considers the odd Australian statutory jurisdiction based on classes of victims that enabled some Asian ... More


War Crimes Trials, ‘Victor’s Justice’ and Australian Military Justice in the Aftermath of the Second World War

Georgina Fitzpatrick

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the war crimes trials conducted by the Australian military services at Darwin and several island locations in the Asia-Pacific region between 1945 and 1951. It challenges the ... More


The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Kevin Heller and Gerry Simpson (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

Several instances of war crimes trials are familiar to all scholars, but in order to advance understanding of the development of international criminal law, it is important to provide a full range of ... More


The Crime of Aggression: From the Trial of Takashi Sakai, August 1946, to the Kampala Review Conference on the ICC in 2010

Roger S. Clark

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter turns to the August 1946 trial of the Japanese general — Takashi Sakai — by a domestic tribunal in Nanking, the Republic of China, in order to reflect on the meaning of the concept of a ... More


Nazi Atrocities, International Criminal Law, and Soviet War Crimes Trials: The Soviet Union and the Global Moment of Post-Second World War Justice

Franziska Exeler

in The New Histories of International Criminal Law: Retrials

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198829638
eISBN:
9780191868153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829638.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter analyses the Soviet Union’s role in the global moment of post-Second World War justice. It examines the extent to which Moscow’s participation at the International Military Tribunal in ... More


The American Occupation: The New Constitution and the Tokyo War Crimes Trial

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205890
eISBN:
9780191676840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

This chapter describes the new constitution and the Tokyo War Crimes Trial. It talks about the ‘unconditional’ surrender. It also presents some characteristics of the reform period of the American ... More


The Search for a Victim-Centered New Justice, 1942–1946: The World Jewish Congress and the Institute of Jewish Affairs 1

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Legal groups devoted to building international criminal law between 1919 and 1939 were rarely concerned with the rights of minorities or what are today called “human rights.” During World War Two, an ... More


The Finnish War-Responsibility Trial in 1945–6: The Limits of Ad Hoc Criminal Justice?

Immi Tallgren

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the Finnish war-responsibility trial in 1945–6. The trial demonstrates the difficulty of the national exercise of jurisdiction based on an international obligation; how limited ... More


The Trial of Peter von Hagenbach: Reconciling History, Historiography and International Criminal Law

Gordon Gregory S.

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the first international war crimes trial in history — that of Sir Peter von Hagenbach for atrocities committed serving the Duke of Burgundy. Hagenbach was tried before an ad ... More


Justice for No-Land’s Men? The United States Military Trials against Spanish Kapos in Mauthausen and Universal Jurisdiction

Rosa Ana Alija-Fernández

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the 1947 trials of five Spaniards — Joaquín Espinosa, Laureano Nava, Indalecio González, Moisés Fernández, and Domingo Félez — before United States military courts in occupied ... More


Capitalism’s Victor’s Justice? The Hidden Stories Behind the Prosecution of Industrialists Post-WWII

Grietje Baars

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter analyses the trials of industrialists at the US Military Tribunals at Nuremberg for their roles in the Nazis' aggressive wars and the Holocaust. The chapter is organized as follows. ... More


The Milošević Trial: An Autopsy

Timothy Waters

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199795840
eISBN:
9780199345274
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795840.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book examines the most controversial war crimes trial of the modern era and its contested legacy for the growing fields of international criminal law and post-conflict justice. The international ... More


The Birth of the New Justice at the Paris Peace Conference

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

After World War One, jurists on the Commission on Responsibilities at the Paris Peace Conference were divided about the types of criminal penalties the Allies should impose on political and military ... More


‘Germans are the Lords and Poles are the Servants’: The Trial of Arthur Greiser in Poland, 19461

Mark A. Drumbl

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the trial of Arthur Greiser, who served as Gauleiter (i.e., governor/territorial leader) of the Warthegau, a large expanse of western Poland illegally annexed to Nazi Germany, ... More


The Bordeaux Trial: Prosecuting the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre

Frédéric Mégret

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter analyses the trial of Oradour-sur-Glane, which opened before a military tribunal in Bordeaux in 1953. On 10 June 1944, a German column advanced towards the small village of ... More


History of Histories

Simpson Gerry

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This book emerged from a 2010 conference in Melbourne called ‘Untold Stories: The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials’. It features a collection of untold or under-told stories about trials and ... More


A Narrative of Justice and the (Re)Writing of History: Lessons Learned from World War II French Trials

Dov Jacobs

in The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199671144
eISBN:
9780191751516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671144.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the trials that took place in France after World War II to prosecute those accused of collaborating with and actively promoting the agenda of the Nazi occupiers. It first ... More


The Victim-Perpetrator Encounter

Hannah Pollin-Galay

in Ecologies of Witnessing: Language, Place, and Holocaust Testimony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300226041
eISBN:
9780300235531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300226041.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter explores witnesses’ notions of culpability and justice in the victim-perpetrator encounter. Within the Yiddish-Lithuanian corpus, the act of identifying guilty parties figures ... More


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