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Crimes Against Humanity

Michael Banton

in International Action against Racial Discrimination

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280613
eISBN:
9780191598760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280610.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Action after World War I led to the creation of the League of Nations. During World War II, a War Crimes Commission was set up, which led to the proceedings before the Nuremberg Tribunal. The ... More


Complementarity in the Rome Statute and National Criminal Jurisdictions

Jann K. Kleffner

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199238453
eISBN:
9780191716744
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238453.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The book examines the principle of complementarity in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the implications of that principle for the suppression of genocide, crimes against ... More


Accountability

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter discusses that a major goal of the international human rights movement has been to secure accountability for especially grave abuses. This focus has led to the so-called “truth ... More


The Reinvention of War Crimes by the International Criminal Tribunals

Shane Darcy

in Judicial Creativity at the International Criminal Tribunals

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199591466
eISBN:
9780191595585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591466.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter explores how judicial creativity at the ad hoc Tribunals has led to a reinvention of the law of war crimes, arguably the most far-reaching jurisprudential contribution of the Tribunals. ... More


On the Social Construction of Moral Universals: The “Holocaust” from War Crime to Trauma Drama

Jeffrey C. Alexander

in The Meanings of Social Life: A Cultural Sociology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160840
eISBN:
9780199944156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160840.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter explores the social creation of a cultural fact and evaluates the effects of this cultural fact on social and moral life. It analyses the creation of moral universals, focusing on the ... More


Justice and Reconciliation: The Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Territories

Simon Chesterman

in You, The People: The United Nations, Transitional Administration, and State-Building

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199263486
eISBN:
9780191600999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263485.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

How can faith in local institutions — most importantly the rule of law — be supported? In many situations, the very laws to be enforced will themselves be controversial, as Serb laws were in ... More


The Contribution of the Courts: Nuremberg, Tokyo, and the Rest

Geoffrey Blest

in War and Law since 1945

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206996
eISBN:
9780191677427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206996.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the contributions of the international Courts in relation to the clarification and development of the law of war with the possible exception of the Nuremberg Principles. It ... More


War Crimes and Genocide

Guénaél Mettraux

in International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207541
eISBN:
9780191709203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Both genocide and war crimes are regarded as serious violations of international humanitarian law. Just as with genocide, war crimes may, in principle, be committed by and against civilians and ... More


Being Human While Being American: Agenda for the American Future

Donald W. Shriver, Jr.

in Honest Patriots: Loving a Country Enough to Remember Its Misdeeds

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195151534
eISBN:
9780199785056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151534.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter celebrates public occasions and measures in recent years where the American government and citizens’ groups acknowledged national “misdeeds” in international relations, especially in its ... More


Chapeau Elements of War Crimes

Guénaél Mettraux

in International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207541
eISBN:
9780191709203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

A war crime may be defined as a serious violation of the laws or customs of war which entails individual criminal responsibility under international law. From the point of view of the ad hoc ... More


Historical Review of Civilian Protection by UN Peacekeepers

Siobhán Wills

in Protecting Civilians: The Obligations of Peacekeepers

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199533879
eISBN:
9780191714801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533879.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter explores the extent to which historically there has been an expectation on the part of the UN, the international community, and local communities that peacekeepers have some obligation ... More


The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Kevin Jon Heller

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book provides a comprehensive legal analysis of the twelve war crimes trials held in the American zone of occupation between 1946 and 1949, collectively known as the Nuremberg Military Tribunals ... More


The Differing Concepts of War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity in International Criminal Law

Bing Bing Jia

in The Reality of International Law: Essays in Honour of Ian Brownlie

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268376
eISBN:
9780191683510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268376.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the concepts of war crimes and crimes against humanity in the context of international criminal law. It analyses whether there is a customary rule that allows for charges of war ... More


Introduction

Donald Bloxham

in Genocide on Trial: War Crimes Trials and the Formation of Holocaust History and Memory

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208723
eISBN:
9780191717017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208723.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter begins with a brief explanation of the purpose of the book, which is to show that the war crimes trials did little to clarify conceptualizations of Nazi criminality in the ... More


A Jurisdictional Theory of International Crimes

Alejandro Chehtman

in The Philosophical Foundations of Extraterritorial Punishment

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603404
eISBN:
9780191725173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603404.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter presents a jurisdictional theory of international crimes. It argues that the defining feature of the concept of an international crime is that it warrants conferring upon at least some ... More


International Crimes and the Ad Hoc Tribunals

Guénaël Mettraux

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207541
eISBN:
9780191709203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207541.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The contribution of the ad hoc tribunals to international criminal law and international justice has been manifold, both academically and historically, and they will continue to influence the ... More


Conduct Becoming and Unbecoming

Clark Ian

in Waging War: A Philosophical Introduction

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273257
eISBN:
9780191684012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273257.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses the regulation of warfare. It begins by discussing the nature of war crimes and the associated problem of responsibility for their perpetration. The chapter then examines the ... More


Problems Concerning the Treatment of War Criminals: (September 25,1944)

Franz Neumann

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0027
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses problems concerning the treatment of war criminals. The report explains that the United Nations have announced as one of their major war aims the prosecution and punishment of ... More


Nazi Plans for Dominating Germany and Europe: Domestic Crimes: (August 13, 1945)

Otto Kircheimer

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0030
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the criminal responsibility of the Nazis for their violations of German domestic law, including the suppression of labor organizations and political parties. It first considers ... More


International War Supervenes: March 1998–June 1999

The Independent International Commission on Kosovo

in The Kosovo Report: Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243099
eISBN:
9780191599538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243093.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Discusses the aims and the conduct of the NATO bombing campaign against the Yugoslavia; the refugee crisis and civilian casualties of the campaign; and the diplomatic events leading to the final ... More


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