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Spending, Taxing, and Borrowing

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0015
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

The expedients adopted to meet war-imposed costs and the degree of success they attained shaped the conduct of war and the development or retrogression of the state apparatus. ‘Fiscal costs’ had to ... More


An Overview of the Case Studies

Valpy FitzGerald, Frances Stewart, and Michael Wang

in War and Underdevelopment: Volume 1: The Economic and Social Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241866
eISBN:
9780191696961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241866.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

To understand exactly how various economic and political processes condition the costs of war, and how economies actually operate under conflict, in-depth studies at the country level are essential. ... More


Conclusion

Sarah E. Kreps

in Coalitions of Convenience: United States Military Interventions after the Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199753796
eISBN:
9780199827152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753796.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter begins by discussing how the central argument and alternative hypotheses fared in the case studies presented in this book. Second, it evaluates how the main argument would ... More


War in Iraq versus Containment

Steven J. Davis, Kevin M. Murphy, and Robert H. Topel

in Guns and Butter: The Economic Causes and Consequences of Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012812
eISBN:
9780262255387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012812.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the cost of the war in Iraq. It investigates the resources required to contain a hostile Iraqi government had the U.S. and coalition partners not intervened and evaluates the ... More


Virtue, Commerce, and the Crimean War

Miles Taylor

in The Decline of British Radicalism, 1847–1860

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204824
eISBN:
9780191676413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204824.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

The reform party, and the reform movement more generally, led the demands for British intervention in the Crimea during 1853 and 1854. However, support for British intervention was not unconditional. ... More


The Wartime Inheritance, 1912–1922

MARK MAZOWER

in Greece and the Inter-War Economic Crisis

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202059
eISBN:
9780191675126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202059.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Economic History

Greece emerged from a decade of wars (1912–22) completely transformed. The economic problems of Old Greece remained to be solved, but the solution was complicated by the tangle of new difficulties ... More


The High Cost of the Iraq War

Joseph E. Stiglitz

in The Economists' Voice: Top Economists Take On Today's Problems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231143653
eISBN:
9780231527866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231143653.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Shortly before the current Iraq War, Bush administration economist Larry Lindsey suggested that the costs of war might range between $100 billion and $200 billion, other officials quickly demurred. ... More


How States Pay for Wars

Rosella Cappella Zielinski

in How States Pay for Wars

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter explains how states confront the costs of fighting a war. In 1749, the poet Samuel Johnson had written that wars result in such vast sums of debt that they bankrupt the state, while Adam ... More


Confronting the Costs of War, 1823–2003

Rosella Cappella Zielinski

in How States Pay for Wars

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702495
eISBN:
9781501705960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702495.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter seeks to lay the foundation of future war finance studies through a series of descriptive statistics using a novel data set. The data set encompasses all interstate war principal ... More


An Interactionist Theory of Resolve

Joshua D. Kertzer

in Resolve in International Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691171609
eISBN:
9781400883646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171609.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter proposes an interactionist approach that views resolve as a state shaped by both dispositional and situational factors. It first provides an overview of interactionist theories, ... More


War Economics

Gilles Carbonnier

in Humanitarian Economics: War, Disaster, and the Global Aid Market

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190491543
eISBN:
9780190638467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190491543.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Starting with the humanitarian impact of the Nasdaq “dot.com bubble” in the DRC, this chapter analyses how war economics enhances our understanding of humanitarian crises and responses. It examines ... More


Ending Wars

Cécile Fabre

in Cosmopolitan Peace

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198786245
eISBN:
9780191839092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786245.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One of the most often heard criticisms levelled at belligerents in policy circles and the press is that they should have ended the war earlier, or later, than they did. In contrast with other areas ... More


Toward a New Theory of Nuclear Deterrence: The Superiority-Brinkmanship Synthesis Theory

Matthew Kroenig

in The Logic of American Nuclear Strategy: Why Strategic Superiority Matters

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190849184
eISBN:
9780190870591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190849184.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter develops a new theory of nuclear deterrence, the superiority-brinkmanship synthesis theory. The theory brings together traditional arguments in the nuclear strategy literature about the ... More


Treasury Finance during World War I

Kenneth D. Garbade

in Birth of a Market: The U.S. Treasury Securities Market from the Great War to the Great Depression

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016377
eISBN:
9780262298674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016377.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter provides an overview of Treasury finance during World War I. It begins with a brief chronology of the war, which is important because the course of the war drove everything else. It then ... More


Terror, Security, and Money: Balancing the Risks, Benefits, and Costs of Homeland Security

John Mueller and Mark G. Stewart

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199795758
eISBN:
9780190252571
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199795758.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In seeking to evaluate the efficacy of post-9/11 homeland security expenses—which have risen by more than a trillion dollars, not including war costs—the common query has been, “Are we safer?” This, ... More


Casualties and the Concept of Grandness: A View from the Korean War

Mary L. Dudziak

in Rethinking American Grand Strategy

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780190695668
eISBN:
9780190093143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190695668.003.0022
Subject:
History, Political History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter reflects on the Korean War, considering how casualties affect American perceptions of the cost of war. It was the first large-scale overseas US war that was not declared or authorized by ... More


Conclusion: Permanent State of Exception

Bonnie Mann

in Sovereign Masculinity: Gender Lessons from the War on Terror

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199981649
eISBN:
9780199355020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199981649.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The author explains Americans’ willingness to acquiesce to the costs of war, to watch the demise of national economic strength and the destruction of our public sector, more or less without protest, ... More


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