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The Role of Sleep in Memory Processing: the Sequential Hypothesis

Antonio Giuditta, Paola Mandile, Paola Montagnese, Stefania Piscopo, and Stefania Vescia

in Sleep and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198574002
eISBN:
9780191724145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198574002.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Slow wave sleep (SWS) was the first type of sleep to be described in human subjects by its high-amplitude, low-frequency electroencephalographic (EEG) waves, that sharply contrasted with the ... More


Treating Consciousness as A Variable

Bernard J. Baars

in In the Theater of Consciousness: The Workspace of the Mind

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195102659
eISBN:
9780199864126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102659.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the treatment of consciousness as a variable. Topics covered include the cognitive unconscious, the conscious and unconscious qualia, the two-channel experiment, and ... More


Ethical considerations for the scheduling of work in continuous operations: physicians in training as a case study

C.A. Czeisler

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

One of the barriers that has repeatedly derailed attempts to address the issue of work-hour restrictions is the long hours worked by resident physicians during training. It is very difficult for ... More


Networks and the Problem of Panpsychism

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

A crucial deficiency of network models is their inability to modally identify or recognize the inputs they receive. To begin solving this problem, we ask to what extent current models resemble ... More


Reduction and the neurobiological basis of consciousness

Patricia Smith Churchland

in Consciousness in Contemporary Science

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522379
eISBN:
9780191688577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522379.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter asks whether we can understand in neurobiological terms what it is for an organism to be conscious. Here, the starting point is with mental phenomena as understood in folk psychology. ... More


Shakespearean Somniloquy: Sleep and Transformation in The Tempest

William H. Sherman

in Renaissance Transformations: The Making of English Writing 1500-1650

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748638734
eISBN:
9780748651573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638734.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter discusses sleep, specifically in the context of Shakespeare's The Tempest. It states that this play continuously examines the boundaries between dreams and reality, and sleep and ... More


Memory in Sleep and Dreams: The Construction of Meaning

Robert Stickgold

in The Memory Process: Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014571
eISBN:
9780262289672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014571.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter discusses the brain's construction of meaning and how it is perhaps the most complex accomplishment of the human brain. It is a process that requires the analysis of large bodies of data ... More


Lateral Differences in the Default Mode Network in Schizophrenia

Nathan Swanson, Tom Eichele, Godfrey Pearlson, and Vince D. Calhoun

in The Two Halves of the Brain: Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014137
eISBN:
9780262265942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014137.003.0449
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter investigates the lateral differences between default mode network (DMN) regions in the left and right hemispheres of the brain, and reports novel empirical data, specifically looking at ... More


Drowsy driving

Pierre Philip, Stephanie Bioulac, Patricia Sagaspe, and Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi

in Sleep, Health, and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198778240
eISBN:
9780191823756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778240.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Drowsy driving increases risk of traffic accidents. A major problem remains in the identification of drowsy drivers at risk for traffic accidents. Drowsy driving is the consequence of various ... More


The function of sleep

Andrew J. K. Phillips

in Sleep, Health, and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198778240
eISBN:
9780191823756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778240.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

The function of sleep was a longstanding mystery in neuroscience, but there is now compelling empirical evidence for several key functions of sleep. Elucidating these functions and their underlying ... More


Failures of rationality and self-knowledge in addiction

Thomas Crowther

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The focus of this chapter is the account of akrasia in alcoholism suggested by the Alcoholics Anonymous literature. The chapter begins by sketching out this account of akrasia. It then goes on to ... More


‘Unarv’: The Poetic Factor in Metaphysics and Politics

M. C. Dinakaran and Anish Damodaran

in India and the Unthinkable: Backwaters Collective on Metaphysics and Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199466863
eISBN:
9780199087563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466863.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

What role could something as fragile as poetry play in the wholesale transformation of a society? In this paper, Dinakaran and Damodaran argue that not only could such a role be envisaged for poetry, ... More


Experience, Dreaming, and the Phenomenology of Wakeful Consciousness

Thomas Crowther

in Phenomenal Presence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199666416
eISBN:
9780191858284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199666416.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter works towards a better understanding of the contribution made by the state of wakeful consciousness to the stream of consciousness over time. It does this through reflection on what is ... More


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