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Marks and Grade Points in Renga

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0038
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

In waka, renga, and later, haikai, practitioners submitted their work to their teacher or other respected poets for evaluation. The teacher would scrutinize the poem before giving a “grade” for each ... More


Semantic Confusion

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0032
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Waka includes a form of poetry which is frowned upon. Known as miraiki (prophetic record), this type of poetry purportedly predicts the future, in particular, the dark and final phase of Buddhism. ... More


Incomprehensibility

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0033
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

In waka, there is a type of verse called mushin shojaku, which literally means “not to be grasped by the mind,” that is, incomprehensible. It is a technical term derived from kambun syntax and it ... More


Poetry Contests and Criticism

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0037
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

A practice in waka was to hold poetry contests (uta awase), when poems were subjected to varying praise and criticism which exposed even their slightest flaws while the poets' names were withheld ... More


About Hen-jo-dai-kyoku-ryū

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0041
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Hen-jo-dai-kyoku-ryū refers to the five-part structure of the waka poem: hen (Prelude), jo (Beginning), dai (Topic), kyoku (Statement), and ryū (Dissolve). In renga, one should be able to sense this ... More


On the Tsukubashū

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The Tsukubashū, an anthology of various renga configurations, was compiled by Nijō Yoshimoto in 1356 and 1357, with the invaluable assistance of Gusai and his disciples. Modeled after the imperial ... More


Post-Shinkokinshū Waka

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Sasamegoto and Shinkei's other writings provide unequivocal evidence that the eighth imperial anthology, Shinkokinshū (1205), represents the apogee of waka history. Shinkei's valuation of ... More


The Role of Waka in Renga Training

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Renga differs from waka in a number of ways. For example, renga diction makes greater use of ellipses, nominals, and verbals with no modal suffixes. In addition, the rhythm of the single 5-7-5- or ... More


Right Teaching and the Individual Poet

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0017
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

In this chapter, Shinkei argues that external circumstance molds individual talent. Therefore, this talent needs to be exposed to proper teaching, which is available only from the past poets of the ... More


Teika: The Life and Works of a Medieval Japanese Poet

Paul S. Atkins

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780824858506
eISBN:
9780824873677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824858506.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The medieval Japanese courtier, poet, compiler, copyist, critic, and diarist Fujiwara no Teika (1162–1241) is one of the most influential writers in the history of Japanese literature. Descended from ... More


Conclusion

Paul S. Atkins

in Teika: The Life and Works of a Medieval Japanese Poet

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780824858506
eISBN:
9780824873677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824858506.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The conclusion offers reasons for Teika’s success as a poet and courtier. His rise to fame was contingent on historical vicissitudes, but required a formidable degree of talent and perseverance. ... More


Eileen Chang and Things Japanese

Kam Louie (ed.)

in Eileen Chang: Romancing Languages, Cultures and Genres

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083794
eISBN:
9789882209060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083794.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The chapter provides a close reading of the material world captured in Eileen Chang's writings from the war period. Noting the conspicuous lack of scholarly attention to Chang's culture connection ... More


Siting Earthworks, Navigating Waka: Patterns of Indigenous Settlement in Allison Hedge Coke’s Blood Run and Robert Sullivan’s Star Waka

Chadwick Allen

in Trans-Indigenous: Methodologies for Global Native Literary Studies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816678181
eISBN:
9781452948423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816678181.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter presents a third format of sustained juxtaposition of Indigenous literary works connected by genre and theme. Sullivan’s and Hedge Coke’s contemporary texts emphasize waka and earthworks ... More


Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Esperanza Ramirez-Christensen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This is a complete, annotated translation of Sasamegoto (1463–64), considered the most important and representative poetic treatise of the medieval period in Japan because of its thoroughgoing ... More


Introduction

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This book is an annotated translation of Sasamegoto (1463–64), a Japanese poetic treatise from the medieval period noted for its thoroughgoing construction of poetry as a way to attain, as well as ... More


Renga History

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Sasamegoto offers an account of renga history. Man'yōshū 1635 was cited as the oldest example of linked poetry, that is, its archaic form as “short renga” (tanrenga) in the Yakumo mishō (Eightfold ... More


the Link as a Structure of Signification

in Emptiness and Temporality: Buddhism and Medieval Japanese Poetics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748889
eISBN:
9780804779401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748889.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Shinkei offered his most concrete explanation and illustration of the link in his adaptation of the hen-jo-daikyoku-ryū structural concept of waka to renga. His theory of tsukeai provides an avenue ... More


The Link as Figuration and Metaphorical Shift

in Emptiness and Temporality: Buddhism and Medieval Japanese Poetics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748889
eISBN:
9780804779401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748889.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

In the context of formal poetic rhetoric, the economy of the renga link requires transformation. This process of figuration is evident in Shinkei's analysis, in which he further equates the ... More


The Close Link and the Distant Link

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0034
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The structural continuity and discontinuity of a waka poem are known as the Close Link (shinku) and the Distant Link (soku), respectively. Most people cannot discern this distinction and are thus ... More


On Hen-jo-dai-kyoku-ryū as the Structure of the Renga Link

in Murmured Conversations: A Treatise on Poetry and Buddhism by the Poet-Monk Shinkei

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804748636
eISBN:
9780804779395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804748636.003.0035
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter focuses on the sequential pattern in waka called hen-jo-dai-kyoku-ryū, which, according to a former master, is of utmost importance in renga. For example, if a short verse contains kyoku ... More


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