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Internationalization and Two Liberal Welfare States Australia and New Zealand

Herman Schwartz

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

While the formal welfare states of Australia and New Zealand resembled the British model in the post‐war period, economic policies and industrial‐relations systems differed. As highly competitive ... More


International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter studies the considerably higher level of wage inequality in the US than in nine other OECD countries. It appears that the greater overall US wage dispersion primarily reflects ... More


The Role of Institutions: Wage-setting and Occupational Change

Daniel Oesch

in Occupational Change in Europe: How Technology and Education Transform the Job Structure

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680962
eISBN:
9780191761010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680962.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter argues that governments have some latitude in how they accommodate technical change and translate it into the organization of labour. Accordingly, it examines how labour market ... More


Diversity without Unity: Labour Unions and Wage Setting in EMU

Bob Hancké

in Unions, Central Banks, and EMU: Labour Market Institutions and Monetary Integration in Europe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199662098
eISBN:
9780191749193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662098.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter explores several dimensions of the adjustment of labour market institutions and wage-setting systems against the background of the introduction of the euro in 1999. It starts with the ... More


Part-time work in Danish private services: a (mis)match between wage flexibility and living hours

Trine P. Larsen, Anna Ilsøe, and Jonas Felbo-Kolding

in Dualisation of Part-Time Work: The Development of Labour Market Insiders and Outsiders

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447348603
eISBN:
9781447348658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447348603.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explores how the institutional framework for working time and wage regulation affects the prevalence of marginal part-time employment (less than 15 working hours per week) and its ... More


Always a Winning Strategy? Wage Moderation’s Conditional Impact on Growth Outcomes

Alison Johnston

in Growth and Welfare in Advanced Capitalist Economies: How Have Growth Regimes Evolved?

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198866176
eISBN:
9780191898389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866176.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Wages and wage bargaining institutions are foundational components of comparative capitalism research. Supply-side comparative capitalism research has often assumed that wage moderation—facilitated ... More


Labour Markets in Recession and Recovery: The UK and the USA in the 1920s and 1930s

Timothy J. Hatton and Mark Thomas

in The Great Depression of the 1930s: Lessons for Today

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199663187
eISBN:
9780191749216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199663187.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the labour market experience of the UK and US in the recessions of the early 1920s and early 1930s and the subsequent recoveries. Compared with 2008–09, these were deep ... More


Unemployment

Christopher Tsoukis

in Theory of Macroeconomic Policy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198825371
eISBN:
9780191912498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825371.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter offers a wide-ranging review of the macroeconomics of unemployment and related issues. Setting the scene with definitions, motivation, and facts, the discussion proceeds to a baseline ... More


National Central Banks and Inflation Convergence: Danish and Dutch Corporatism Inside and Outside of Monetary Union

Alison Johnston

in From Convergence to Crisis: Labor Markets and the Instability of the Euro

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702655
eISBN:
9781501703775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702655.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the link between national level, inflation-averse central banks and European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) regime change, on the one hand, and sheltered sector wage ... More


Sheltered Sector Dominance under a Common Currency: Irrational Exuberance in Ireland and Fragmentation in Spain

Alison Johnston

in From Convergence to Crisis: Labor Markets and the Instability of the Euro

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702655
eISBN:
9781501703775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702655.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the political and institutional features of wage-setting regimes that favor sheltered sector interests in European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) countries. Using a ... More


Introduction

Daniel Oesch

in Occupational Change in Europe: How Technology and Education Transform the Job Structure

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680962
eISBN:
9780191761010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680962.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

The introduction argues that three issues are at stake in the debate about how the employment structure evolves. At the micro-level of single jobs, the concern is with the quality of new employment ... More


The Politics of Labor Incorporation

Sara E. Watson

in The Left Divided: The Development and Transformation of Advanced Welfare States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780190245467
eISBN:
9780190245498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245467.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 4 asks why, by the early 1980s, the Spanish labor movement emerged so much stronger than in neighboring Portugal in terms of its capacity to protect the wages of low-skilled workers. The ... More


Nominal Rigidities and Fluctuations

Jean-Pascal Bénassy

in Macroeconomic Theory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780195387711
eISBN:
9780190261405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195387711.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter defines the use of the Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium (DSGE) models with perfect or imperfect competitions. It states that the solution to fluctuations brought by demand shocks ... More


Belgium, a Poster Child for Inclusive Growth?

Ive Marx and Gerlinde Verbist

in Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Rich Countries: Shared Challenges and Contrasting Fortunes

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198807032
eISBN:
9780191844829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807032.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter sets out the key trends in inequality and in household incomes for Belgium. It teases out why Belgium has been relatively successful, compared with other rich countries, in maintaining ... More


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