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Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It

Mariko Lin Chang

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367690
eISBN:
9780199944101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367690.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Women now receive more college degrees than men, and enter the workforce with better job opportunities than ever before. Indeed, the wage gap between men and women has never been smaller. So why does ... More


Male-Female Wage Differentials in Japan *: The Importance of the Choice of Work Status *

Koyo Miyoshi

in Discrimination in an Unequal World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199732166
eISBN:
9780199866144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732166.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines empirically what produces Japan's large male–female wage differential, taking account of the possible differences in the labor market structures for regular and nonregular ... More


Sex-Based Discrimination Trends in Japan, 1965–2005 *: The Gender Wage Gap and the Marriage Bar

Kunihiro Kimura

in Discrimination in an Unequal World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199732166
eISBN:
9780199866144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732166.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes sex-based discrimination trends in Japan and proposes hypotheses that might explain these trends. Section 2 briefly describes the official statistics that provide the source of ... More


Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Francine D. Blau

Anne C. Gielen and Klaus F. Zimmermann (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This book contains extensive research on progress made by women in the labour market, and the characteristics and causes of remaining gender inequalities. It also covers other indicators of gender ... More


Human Capital and the Long‐Term View of the Labor Market

Jacob Mincer

in Jacob Mincer: A Founding Father of Modern Labor Economics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199211319
eISBN:
9780191705748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211319.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter starts by making a brief portrait of labor economics in the decades preceding Mincer's work. When Jacob Mincer started his academic career, labor economics was finishing a long process ... More


China’s Urban Gender Wage Gap: A New Direction?

Jin Song, Terry Sicular, and Björn Gustafsson

in Changing Trends in China's Inequality: Evidence, Analysis, and Prospects

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190077938
eISBN:
9780190077969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190077938.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Public and Welfare

This chapter uses data from the urban household CHIP surveys for the years 1995, 2002, 2007, and 2013 to provide consistent estimates of the gender wage gap in urban China and it investigate those ... More


Measuring Discrimination

Ashwani Deshpande

in The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072034
eISBN:
9780199081028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072034.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses how economists define discrimination and how it can be measured in the labour market. The primary method is called the ‘decomposition method’, which focuses on the gap in ... More


Aspiring Feminist and Social Science Progressive, 1908–1912

Robyn Muncy

in Relentless Reformer: Josephine Roche and Progressivism in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691122731
eISBN:
9781400852413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691122731.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter details events in Josephine Roche's life from 1908 to 1912. Shortly after graduating from Vassar, Roche pursued graduate study at Columbia University in New York City. Her courses and ... More


Flexibility and wage dynamics

Fabio Berton, Matteo Richiardi, and Stefano Sacchi

in The political economy of work security and flexibility: Italy in comparative perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847429070
eISBN:
9781447307631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429070.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

Many economic benefits that workers receive for their work do not enter the unitary gross wage; the most common examples are pension and other social security contributions paid for by the employers, ... More


Merit, Mobility, and Modernism: Discrimination in Urban Labour Markets

Ashwani Deshpande

in The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072034
eISBN:
9780199081028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072034.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Emerging research has uncovered patterns of discrimination in the urban, formal private sector and highly skilled labour markets in contemporary India. These markets show a deep awareness of caste ... More


Gender Gaps in Wages and Employment: The Role of Employers’ Prejudice

Luca Flabbi and Mauricio Tejada

in Unexplored Dimensions of Discrimination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198729853
eISBN:
9780191796500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729853.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter develops a structural model to separate the part of the wage difference between men and women in the US labor market that is due to productivity and the part that is due to prejudice ... More


Pecuniary Returns to Working Conditions

Christophe J. Nordman and Smriti Sharma

in Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises in Vietnam

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851189
eISBN:
9780191885921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851189.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Using matched worker-firm data from three waves of the Vietnam Small and Medium Enterprises data, we examine whether workers are compensated with higher wages for working in vulnerable jobs and ... More


Gender and the Labour Market

Joanna K. Swaffield

in The Labour Market in Winter: The State of Working Britain

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199587377
eISBN:
9780191808647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199587377.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter begins by summarising the policy and legislation changes that impacted female employment outcomes. It focuses on the changes in the labour market outcomes between female and male workers ... More


Career Dynamics and Gender Gaps Among Employees in the Microfinance Sector

Ina Ganguli, Ricardo Hausmann, and Martina Viarengo

in Towards Gender Equity in Development

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198829591
eISBN:
9780191868115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829591.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Microfinance institutions (MFIs) are commonly identified as empowering women and making them key actors in generating social change and economic development. Yet little is known about the gender ... More


Inferring Relative Factor Price Changes from Quantitative Data

Robert E. Baldwin

in Topics in Empirical International Economics: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert E. Lipsey

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226060835
eISBN:
9780226060859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226060859.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Due to the indeterminacy of the commodity composition of trade in models with two or more factors and more goods than factors, it is useful to interpret the Heckscher-Ohlin theorem in terms of the ... More


Gendering At Work

Cecilia L. Ridgeway

in Framed by Gender: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755776
eISBN:
9780199894925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755776.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 4 describes how the effects of gender stereotypes on social relations (Chapter 3) reproduce gender inequality in paid work. The gender frame interacts with the institutional frame of work ... More


Conclusion

Matthew T. Corrigan

in Race, Religion, and Economic Change in the Republican South: A Study of a Southern City

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813031606
eISBN:
9780813039251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813031606.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The study finds that the way that Republicans have come to power in the region will have important consequences on future governance. By examining race, religion, and economic change, the ... More


Fair Pay and the Gender Wage Gap*

Kristi A. Olson

in The Solidarity Solution: Principles for a Fair Income Distribution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190907457
eISBN:
9780190907488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907457.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 8 uses the solidarity solution to address the gender wage gap. The chapter first lays to rest a common conservative argument by showing that, even if the gender wage gap were entirely ... More


Is Human Capital Losing from Outsourcing? Evidence for Austria and Poland

Andzelika Lorentowicz, Dalia Marin, and Alexander Raubold

in Foreign Direct Investment and the Multinational Enterprise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026451
eISBN:
9780262269124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026451.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines how the changes in relative wages of skilled workers in old and new Europe are affected by outsourcing to new Europe. Data shows that there is a strong increase in relative wage ... More


Caste, Class, Gender: Dynamism or Stasis?

Ashwini Deshpande

in A Concise Handbook of the Indian Economy in the 21st Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780199496464
eISBN:
9780199098170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199496464.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Ashwini Deshpande argues the translation and impact of momentous post reform changes on inter-group disparities has been uneven. Caste inequality shows very strong inter-state variation and some ... More


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