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Discrimination and Pay

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the existence of gender-pay gaps both within and between occupations, and within and between industries and workplaces. It then considers why this gap exists ... More


Increasing Wage Inequality

John Knight and Lina Song

in Towards a Labour Market in China

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245277
eISBN:
9780191602207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245274.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines wage inequality in urban China. Increased wage discrimination against women and minorities was observed in favour of Communist Party members. The market forces operating in the ... More


Collective Bargaining and Equal Pay

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter considers the possible impact of a collective bargaining approach to the gender-pay gap, focusing on the Australian model. Australia is chosen because it combines a particularly high ... More


The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 and Race Relations Act 1976

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

The Sex Discrimination Act became law on 29 December 1975. The Race Relations Act (which received the Royal Assent on 22 November 1976) was not primarily concerned with the issue of pay, but its ... More


Equal Pay—The European Dimension

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

When the UK joined the European Economic Community in 1973 it accorded Community law supremacy within the national legal system, a fact which has impacted profoundly on the matter of equal pay (at ... More


Conclusion

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter discusses ways to address the gender-pay gap. It outlines a three-pronged approach to respond to the gender-pay gap in particular and, more generally, to the problem of serious and ... More


Ontario: The Pay Equity Act

Aileen McColgan

in Just Wages for Women

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265887
eISBN:
9780191682995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265887.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

The Government of Ontario passed the Pay Equity Act in 1987. The term ‘pay equity’ meant simply that excluding non gender-related factors which influence pay, work performed by women which is ... More


A Pollution Theory of Discrimination: Male and Female Differences in Occupations and Earnings

Leah Platt Boustan, Carola Frydman, and Robert A. Margo

in Human Capital in History: The American Record

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226163895
eISBN:
9780226163925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226163925.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Occupations are segregated by sex today, but were far more segregated in the early to mid-twentieth century. It is difficult to rationalize sex segregation and “wage discrimination” on the basis of ... More


The Women’s Wealth Gap: What Is It and Why Do We Care?

Mariko Lin Chang

in Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367690
eISBN:
9780199944101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367690.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Women may earn 78% of what men earn, but they own only 36% as much wealth. In discussing the financial standing of women in America, a focus on income is misleading because wealth is a much more ... More


Strike Three: Discrimination, Incentives, and Evaluation

Daniel S. Hamermesh

in Demand for Labor: The Neglected Side of the Market

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198791379
eISBN:
9780191833847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791379.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

We explore umpires’ racial/ethnic preferences in the evaluation of Major League Baseball pitchers. Controlling for umpire, pitcher, batter and catcher fixed effects and many other factors, strikes ... More


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