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Trends in Earnings Differentials by Gender

Andrea H. Beller and Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines trends in the gender wage gap. The first section uses data from the Current Population Surveys to analyze trends from the 1970s. The gender wage ratio significantly decreased ... More


International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter studies the considerably higher level of wage inequality in the US than in nine other OECD countries. It appears that the greater overall US wage dispersion primarily reflects ... More


Wage Structure and Gender Earnings Differentials: An International Comparison

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

Using microdata to analyze the gender pay gap in ten industrialized nations, this chapter focuses on the role of wage structure — the prices of labour market skills — in influencing the gender gap. ... More


Employment Equality Strategies in Liberal Welfare States

Julia S. O'Connor

in Gender and Welfare State Regimes

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294160
eISBN:
9780191600142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294166.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines strategies related to pay and employment equity in four countries representing the liberal welfare state regime: Australia, Canada, the UK, and the USA. After outlining the strategies ... More


Education and Racial Inequality in Post-Apartheid South Africa

Malcolm Keswell

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines changes in the causal structure of racial inequality in South Africa. It derives an analytical framework with testable hypotheses concerning equal opportunity. Using this ... More


Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Francine D. Blau

Anne C. Gielen and Klaus F. Zimmermann (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This book contains extensive research on progress made by women in the labour market, and the characteristics and causes of remaining gender inequalities. It also covers other indicators of gender ... More


The Japanese Employment System

Marcus Rebick

in The Japanese Employment System: Adapting to a New Economic Environment

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199247240
eISBN:
9780191602566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247242.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Reviews the stylised features of Japan’s employment system as it existed prior to the mid-1980s. The features described include employment protection, the complex compensation system, enterprise ... More


The Changing Nature of Inequality in South Africa

Carolyn Jenkins and Lynne Thomas

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the fourth of five country case studies on income inequality, and looks at the case of South Africa. After an introduction, the second section of the chapter reviews the evolution of ... More


Understanding International Differences in the Gender Pay Gap

Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

Using microdata for twenty-two countries over the 1985–94 period, this chapter shows that more compressed male wage structures and lower female net supply are both associated with a lower gender pay ... More


Black-White Earnings over the 1970s and 1980s: Gender differences in Trends

Andrea H. Beller

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

Using CPS data to analyze black–white earnings trends, this chapter shows that black women fared better than men in some respects over the 1970s and 1980s, but in other important respects their ... More


Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Giovanni Andrea Cornia (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Based on an extensive review of relevant literature and an econometric analysis of inequality indexes, this book provides the first systematic analysis of the changes in within‐country income ... More


The Value of Life

W. Kip Viscusi

in Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Individual trade‐offs between risk and money provide the economic basis for assigning a value of life to the benefits of mortality risk reduction associated with government policies. Compensating ... More


Risky Occupational Environments, the Double Standard, and Just Compensation

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Environmental Justice: Creating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152036
eISBN:
9780199833665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152034.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Using case studies focusing on higher workplace risks because of exposure to pollutants in exchange for “hazard pay” or a “compensating wage differential,” the chapter analyzes the ways in which ... More


Housing Tenure, Job Mobility, and Unemployment in the UK *

Harminder Battu, Ada Ma, and Euan Phimister

in Homeownership and the Labour Market in Europe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199543946
eISBN:
9780191701320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543946.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter gives an evaluation of the influence of homeownership on an individual's employment and occupational mobility, specifically non-professional, skilled, and technical workers in the United ... More


Trading Lives for Money: Compensating Wage Differentials in Economics

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in Tainted: How Philosophy of Science Can Expose Bad Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199396412
eISBN:
9780199396436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396412.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter evaluates the economics concept of the compensating wage differential or hazard pay, assesses supposed evidence for it, shows it is a construct based on invalid data aggregation, and ... More


The Structure of Wages: An International Comparison

Edward P. Lazear and Kathryn L. Shaw (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226470504
eISBN:
9780226470511
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226470511.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The distribution of income, the rate of pay raises, and the mobility of employees are crucial to understanding labor economics. Although research abounds on the distribution of wages across ... More


Opportunity, Identity, and Servility

Bridget Hill

in Servants: English Domestics in the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206217
eISBN:
9780191677021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206217.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines the conditions of domestic servants in England during the 18th century in terms of wages and opportunity for skills acquisition. It highlights the claims that contrary to ... More


Education, Earnings, and Returns to Schooling in Tunisia

Imed Limam and Abdelwahab Ben Hafaiedh

in The Tunisian Labor Market in an Era of Transition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198799863
eISBN:
9780191864698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799863.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter aims at identifying the main determinants of earnings and at estimating the private returns to education in Tunisia. The private rate of return to schooling is relatively low by ... More


Is the Public Sector Pay Advantage Explained by Differences in Work Quality?

David Blackaby, Alan Felstead, Melanie Jones, Gerry Makepeace, Philip Murphy, and Victoria Wass

in Unequal Britain at Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198712848
eISBN:
9780191781179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712848.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Public Management

The unadjusted public–private sector pay differential has attracted considerable political interest over many years. It has been used to justify changes to pay-setting arrangements and the imposition ... More


A Son of Immigrants on Covering Immigration

George de Lama

in Writing Immigration: Scholars and Journalists in Dialogue

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267176
eISBN:
9780520950207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267176.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This Interlude is written by a former managing editor for news at the Chicago Tribune who is currently head of communications at the Inter-American Development Bank, and it offers an instructive ... More


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