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Vowel Prosthesis in Romance: A Diachronic Study

Rodney Sampson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541157
eISBN:
9780191716096
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541157.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This book presents for the first time an in‐depth historical account of vowel prosthesis in the Romance languages. Vowel prosthesis is a change which involves the appearance of a non‐etymological ... More


Vowel perception and theories of speech perception

B. S. Rosner and J. B. Pickering

in Vowel Perception and Production

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521389
eISBN:
9780191706622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521389.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Previous theories of vowel perception fall into two main classes: strong articulatory theories and strong auditory theories. The theory presented in this book is discussed briefly in this framework.


Constructing for Understanding

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter shows that the artificial system constructed in this study demonstrates how speech codes, sharing important properties with those of humans, could be created in a population of agents in ... More


Vowel categorization: extensions to the initial theory

B. S. Rosner and J. B. Pickering

in Vowel Perception and Production

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521389
eISBN:
9780191706622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521389.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Formant amplitudes, bandwidths, and phases as well as phonation characteristics apparently have no important effects on vowel categorization. A third indicator location, E3, is introduced to account ... More


Failing One’s Obligations: Defectiveness in Rumantsch Reflexes* of DĒBĒRE

Stephen R. Anderson

in Defective Paradigms: Missing Forms and What They Tell Us

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264607
eISBN:
9780191734366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264607.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines the Surmiran dialect which is a form of Swiss Rumantsch. Surmiran is a Romance language which is one of the spoken languages in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. The ... More


Vowel Perception and Production

B. S. Rosner and J. B. Pickering

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521389
eISBN:
9780191706622
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521389.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Vowels are an important feature of the world's languages. Languages, however, differ in the number and the acoustic properties of their vowels. The two main problems of vowel perception needing ... More


Syllable structure in Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

Chinese is well known for having a simple syllable structure, clear syllable boundaries, and a small syllable inventory. This chapter examines what its structure is and what constraints influence ... More


SPE Extensions: Conditions on Representations and Defect‐Driven Rules 1

John Frampton

in Rules, Constraints, and Phonological Phenomena

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226511
eISBN:
9780191710193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226511.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

A new formal theory of iterative rules is proposed and the advantage of analyzing various prosodic phenomena in terms of this rule format is demonstrated. Noteworthy is the extensive use of ... More


From Middle to Early Modern English

Jeremy J. Smith

in Sound Change and the History of English

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291953
eISBN:
9780191710568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291953.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter addresses what is probably the most famous sound-change in the history of English: the Great Vowel Shift, which is one of the key developments distinguishing Early Modern English from ... More


Introduction

B. S. Rosner and J. B. Pickering

in Vowel Perception and Production

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521389
eISBN:
9780191706622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521389.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Vowel categorization and vowel constancy are offered as the central topics of vowel perception. The source-filter theory of vowel production and the physical representation of vowels are introduced. ... More


Acoustic and auditory effects of articulation

B. S. Rosner and J. B. Pickering

in Vowel Perception and Production

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521389
eISBN:
9780191706622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521389.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Physical features of the vocal tract produce resonances or formants. Formants underlie the acoustics and auditory properties of vowels. Vowel quality is proposed to rest largely on the centre ... More


Nigerian Arabic and Reconstruction of the Imperfect Verb

Jonathan Owens

in A Linguistic History of Arabic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199290826
eISBN:
9780191710469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290826.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter continues the concentration on contemporary Arabic. Arabic dialects show considerable diversity in the tolerance of short, open syllables. Some allow them, some allow only low vowels in ... More


Vowel Shifts and the Middle English Vowels

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume I: Approaches, Methodology, and Sound Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583423
eISBN:
9780191723438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583423.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The old hypotheses of teleology and equilibrium are illusions. Shifts do not fill holes to create symmetrical systems. Rather, sounds shift by phonetically and perceptually motivated mechanisms, and ... More


Factor Analysis of Vowel Pronunciation in Swedish Dialects

Therese Leinonen

in Computing and Language Variation: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing Volume 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640300
eISBN:
9780748671380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640300.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

The study presented here analysed 91 local Swedish dialects based on vowel pronunciation. Acoustic measurements of vowel quality were made for 18 vowels of 1,014 speakers by means of principal ... More


Introduction

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume I: Approaches, Methodology, and Sound Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583423
eISBN:
9780191723438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583423.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This non‐introductory treatise examines topics involving change in different components of the grammar from the perspectives of theory, acquisition, variation, and motivation. Traditional concerns, ... More


The Icelandic vowel colours and diphthongs

Kristján Árnason

in The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199229314
eISBN:
9780191728464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229314.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

This chapter concentrates on the vowel system of Modern Icelandic, describing the correlation between long vowel nuclei (in open syllables) and short vowel nuclei (in closed syllables). Both ... More


Introduction

Rodney Sampson

in Vowel Prosthesis in Romance: A Diachronic Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541157
eISBN:
9780191716096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541157.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

After a definition of vowel prosthesis and its relationship to other additive and reductive segmental process, various general aspects of it are considered. These include its incidence in Romance, ... More


The Phonology of Japanese

Laurence Labrune

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199545834
eISBN:
9780191738562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545834.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

This book offers a comprehensive overview of the phonology of Japanese, based on Japanese and Western materials and the author’s original research. It provides a rich source of materials and critical ... More


The sounds of Amazonia

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

Unlike their Andean neighbours, Amazonian languages tend to have just one liquid phoneme (frequently, a flap). Some have no liquids at all. There are usually more affricates than fricatives. A ... More


Length and quantity in accentuation and phonotactics

Kristján Árnason

in The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199229314
eISBN:
9780191728464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229314.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

The chapter tries to clarify some notions relevant to the understanding of the relation between length and accentuation in Icelandic, pointing out that an analysis in terms of commonly used ... More


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