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Opacity and transparency in vowel harmony

Harry van der Hulst

in Asymmetries in Vowel Harmony: A Representational Account

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198813576
eISBN:
9780191851407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813576.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

The first chapter of this book offers an overview of the general causes of asymmetries in vowel harmony systems. This overview will characterize the general nature of vowel harmony, yet focus on what ... More


Contrastiveness, Markedness, and Feature-Based Locality

Andrew Nevins

in Locality in Vowel Harmony

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140973
eISBN:
9780262280570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140973.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

The Search procedure for vowel harmony finds and copies feature-values from the closest element satisfying a certain need. In delimiting the search domain, crosslinguistic variation arises in large ... More


A comparative approach to the vowel systems and harmonies in the Transeurasian languages and beyond

Andrew Joseph, Seongyeon Ko, and John Whitman

in The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198804628
eISBN:
9780191842849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0030
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

In this chapter the standard treatments of the Transeurasian vowel correspondences are reviewed, including their reconstructions of hypothetical proto-inventories, for the purpose of establishing a ... More


The Search Principle

Andrew Nevins

in Locality in Vowel Harmony

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140973
eISBN:
9780262280570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140973.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter examines the Search procedure, the primary mechanism underlying vowel harmony that seeks the closest element satisfying a certain need (for example, setting the value of harmony). It ... More


What Is Vowel Harmony, How Does It Vary, and Why Study It?

Andrew Nevins

in Locality in Vowel Harmony

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140973
eISBN:
9780262280570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140973.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This book explores vowel harmony, a set of restrictions that determine the possible and impossible sequences of vowels within a word, and the long-distance dependency relationships in languages with ... More


Domain Limitations on Search

Andrew Nevins

in Locality in Vowel Harmony

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140973
eISBN:
9780262280570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140973.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

When conducting a search and you stop, locality arises. Locality has two components: minimality and boundedness. In syntactic theory, minimality does not permit searching for an element beyond a ... More


Unmasking the Bantu Orthographic Vowels: The Challenge for Language Documentation and Description

Joash J. Gambarage

in Africa's Endangered Languages: Documentary and Theoretical Approaches

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190256340
eISBN:
9780190256364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256340.003.0019
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Bantu vowel phonemes are reflexes of the Proto-Bantu seven-vowel system /*i *ɪ * ε‎ *a *ɔ *ʊ *u/. While lax high vowels were supplanted in some systems because of vowel mergers in the first two ... More


The sounds of Amazonia

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

Unlike their Andean neighbours, Amazonian languages tend to have just one liquid phoneme (frequently, a flap). Some have no liquids at all. There are usually more affricates than fricatives. A ... More


Defective Intervention: When Search Comes Back Empty-Handed

Andrew Nevins

in Locality in Vowel Harmony

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140973
eISBN:
9780262280570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140973.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

Based on a small parametric space, the Search procedure for vowel harmony can relativize its locality in very limited ways. This chapter looks at the conditions that determine whether an element that ... More


Minimalist Computation of Vowel Harmony: Implications

Andrew Nevins

in Locality in Vowel Harmony

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140973
eISBN:
9780262280570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140973.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

The Minimalist Program makes two key assumptions about the design of human language. First, computations are derivational and efficient and follow principles of least effort in order to satisfy ... More


Segmental Phonology: Vowels

Laura J. Downing and Al Mtenje

in The Phonology of Chichewa

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198724742
eISBN:
9780191792281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724742.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

This chapter begins with a discussion of the Chichewa vowel phoneme inventory and its relation to the Proto-Bantu vowel inventory. The distribution of vowels in different morphological and ... More


Metaphony in Portuguese 3rd Class ‐u(C)C‐ir and ‐o(C)C‐ir Verbs: Evidence from Modern Galician and Medieval Galician‐Portuguese

Maria Goldbach

in Morphological Autonomy: Perspectives From Romance Inflectional Morphology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199589982
eISBN:
9780191728884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589982.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

In this chapter, I analyse modern Portuguese metaphonic verbs of the infinitive shape ‐u(C)C‐ir and ‐o(C)C‐ir. I revise some of the most prominent hypotheses concerning the evolution of the ... More


Locality in Vowel Harmony

Andrew Nevins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140973
eISBN:
9780262280570
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140973.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

Vowel harmony results from a set of restrictions that determine the possible and impossible sequences of vowels within a word. The study of syntax begins with the observation that the words of a ... More


Khalkha Mongolian

Jan-Olof Svantesson

in The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198804628
eISBN:
9780191842849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0022
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter gives an introduction to the basic structures of Khalkha Mongolian, most of which are similar to those of Mongolian proper in general. Segmental phonology (vowels and consonants) and ... More


Modeling the emergence of vowel harmony through iterated learning

Frédéric Mailhot

in Origins of Sound Change: Approaches to Phonologization

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199573745
eISBN:
9780191745249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573745.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter provides support for the view of sound change as being listener-driven, specifically with respect to vowel harmony as the result of phonologized vowel-to-vowel coarticulation. It is ... More


Asymmetries in Vowel Harmony: A Representational Account

Harry van der Hulst

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198813576
eISBN:
9780191851407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813576.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This book deals with the phenomenon of vowel harmony, a phonological process whereby all the vowels in a word are required to share a specific phonological property, such as front or back ... More


Turkish and the Southwestern Turkic (Oghuz) languages

Jaklin Kornfilt

in The Oxford Guide to the Transeurasian Languages

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198804628
eISBN:
9780191842849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198804628.003.0025
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

The Southwestern (Oghuz) branch of Turkic consists of languages that are largely mutually intelligible, and are similar with respect to their structural properties. Because Turkish is the most ... More


Origins of Sound Change: Approaches to Phonologization

Alan C. L. Yu (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199573745
eISBN:
9780191745249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573745.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This volume showcases the current state of the art in phonologization research, bringing together work by leading scholars in sound change research from different disciplinary and scholarly ... More


Lexical sensitivity to phonetic and phonological pressures

Abby Kaplan

in Origins of Sound Change: Approaches to Phonologization

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199573745
eISBN:
9780191745249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573745.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Patterns of lexical frequency are known to mirror facts of phonological markedness. This chapter addresses the question of whether the frequency of a given sequence of segments in the lexicon is ... More


Morphological variation *

Gerjan van Schaaik

in The Oxford Turkish Grammar

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851509
eISBN:
9780191886102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851509.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Syntax and Morphology

The principles of twofold vowel harmony and fourfold vowel harmony form, together with a number of consonant assimilations, the core of what at first sight looks like an enormous variation in ... More


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