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Nested Voters: Citizen Choices Embedded in Political Contexts

Christopher J. Anderson and Russell J. Dalton

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter reviews the findings of this book and discusses their implications for the study of voter behavior. It argues that the effect of political institutions on voter behavior is typically ... More


Demographics of Turnout

Jan E. Leighley and Jonathan Nagler

in Who Votes Now?: Demographics, Issues, Inequality, and Turnout in the United States

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159348
eISBN:
9781400848621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159348.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter uses data from the U.S. Census Bureau's Current Population Survey to provide an extensive description and discussion of aggregate and demographic group-specific turnout rates since 1972, ... More


On the Representativeness of Voters

Jan E. Leighley and Jonathan Nagler

in Who Votes Now?: Demographics, Issues, Inequality, and Turnout in the United States

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159348
eISBN:
9781400848621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159348.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter considers a critical aspect of the potential consequences of turnout, that is, whether voters are representative of nonvoters with respect to their preferred policy positions. It briefly ... More


Introduction

Jan E. Leighley and Jonathan Nagler

in Who Votes Now?: Demographics, Issues, Inequality, and Turnout in the United States

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159348
eISBN:
9781400848621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159348.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to examine voter turnout in every U.S. presidential election from 1972 through 2008 in order to address four questions regarding the ... More


The Legal Context of Turnout: Voter Registration and Voting Innovations

Jan E. Leighley and Jonathan Nagler

in Who Votes Now?: Demographics, Issues, Inequality, and Turnout in the United States

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159348
eISBN:
9781400848621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159348.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter considers the electoral impact the new, wider array of voter registration and election administration laws using a new data set collected on state electoral rules between 1972 and 2008. ... More


Leaders' Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections

Anthony King (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253135
eISBN:
9780191599675
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253137.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A widely held belief concerning democratic elections is that the votes of many individuals are influenced by their assessments of the competing candidates’ personalities and other personal ... More


Theoretical Framework and Models

Jan E. Leighley and Jonathan Nagler

in Who Votes Now?: Demographics, Issues, Inequality, and Turnout in the United States

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159348
eISBN:
9781400848621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159348.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter introduces the theoretical framework that guides the analyses and discussions of the determinants of voter turnout. It adopts a model of turnout that poses an individual's decision to ... More


Nonpolicy Factors in Party Competition

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Moving beyond the assumption that voters care about only the party policy positions on offer, this chapter models the possibility that they also care about perceived “nonpolicy” attributes of ... More


Conclusion

Jan E. Leighley and Jonathan Nagler

in Who Votes Now?: Demographics, Issues, Inequality, and Turnout in the United States

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159348
eISBN:
9781400848621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159348.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter returns to broader questions of representation and inequality in U.S. presidential elections. The present analysis of turnout in U.S. presidential elections since 1972 proceeded against ... More


Policy Choices and Turnout

Jan E. Leighley and Jonathan Nagler

in Who Votes Now?: Demographics, Issues, Inequality, and Turnout in the United States

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159348
eISBN:
9781400848621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159348.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter considers how the policy positions offered by candidates influence voter turnout. It expects that larger differences in the policy positions of candidates are associated with a higher ... More


The Impact of the Sorted

in The Partisan Sort: How Liberals Became Democrats and Conservatives Became Republicans

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226473642
eISBN:
9780226473673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226473673.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

When political elites take distinct positions on a host of issues, voters get clearer signals about the issue positions held by Democrats and Republicans and use these clearer cues to sort. This ... More


Multi-Level Governance: An Overview

Sona N. Golder, Ignacio Lago, André Blais, Elisabeth Gidengil, and Thomas Gschwend

in Multi-Level Electoral Politics: Beyond the Second-Order Election Model

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198791539
eISBN:
9780191833915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791539.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The existing framework for explaining variation in voter turnout and vote choice across multiple levels of government is more useful for addressing aggregate patterns than for addressing micro-level ... More


Parties, Voters, and Multi-Level Elections: A Conceptual Framework

Sona N. Golder, Ignacio Lago, André Blais, Elisabeth Gidengil, and Thomas Gschwend

in Multi-Level Electoral Politics: Beyond the Second-Order Election Model

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198791539
eISBN:
9780191833915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791539.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter argues that individual voting behaviour and the strategies chosen by political parties across multiple electoral arenas should be considered jointly. Existing literature points to the ... More


Conclusion

Sona N. Golder, Ignacio Lago, André Blais, Elisabeth Gidengil, and Thomas Gschwend

in Multi-Level Electoral Politics: Beyond the Second-Order Election Model

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198791539
eISBN:
9780191833915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791539.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The goal of this book has been to examine in detail the micro mechanisms underlying the aggregate patterns described by the second-order election model commonly used to study multi-level elections. ... More


The Transformation of the American Electorate

in The Partisan Sort: How Liberals Became Democrats and Conservatives Became Republicans

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226473642
eISBN:
9780226473673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226473673.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Since the late 1960s, partisan political elites in the United States have become more divided. Elite Democrats are now almost all liberals, while elite Republicans are almost all conservatives. ... More


The Obama Phenomenon: Toward a Multiracial Democracy

Charles P. Henry, Robert L. Allen, and Robert Chrisman (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036453
eISBN:
9780252093487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036453.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Barack Obama's campaign and electoral victory demonstrated the dynamic nature of American democracy. Beginning as a special issue of The Black Scholar, this probing collection illustrates the impact ... More


Indicators of Political Personalization

Gideon Rahat and Ofer Kenig

in From Party Politics to Personalized Politics?: Party Change and Political Personalization in Democracies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198808008
eISBN:
9780191845796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808008.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Comparative Politics

Ten indicators of political personalization, covering all of its types and subtypes, are presented in this chapter. The analysis starts with the institutional personalization of both governmental ... More


Lessons for the Reform Agenda

Pippa Norris, Thomas Wynter, and Sarah Cameron

in Electoral Integrity in America: Securing Democracy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190934163
eISBN:
9780190934200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190934163.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Chapter 11 draws together the major conclusions from each of the chapters and considers their implications for the policy reform agenda. The consequences of electoral malpractice can be grave. ... More


Concept formation

Mark Bevir and Jason Blakely

in Interpretive Social Science: An Anti-Naturalist Approach

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198832942
eISBN:
9780191871344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198832942.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Concept formation is inescapable because social scientists cannot study political reality without making tacit assumptions about the basic relevant concepts. An anti-naturalist approach offers a ... More


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