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Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

James Hinton

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The associational life of middle-class women in 20th-century England has been largely ignored by historians. During the Second World War women's clubs, guilds, and institutes provided a basis for the ... More


Women's Voluntary Services and the Voluntary Sector

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter returns to the antagonism between the WVS and other women's organizations, a relationship further embittered by an ill-conceived government attempt to force an amalgamation of WVS with ... More


Home Helps

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter looks closely at one example of the marginalisation of philanthropic forms of authority as social work became increasingly professionalized in the welfare state. The establishment of ... More


Conclusion

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Lady Reading believed her creation had found the key to reconciling voluntary work and state expansion. In fact the WVS did not provide a model for the future. The welfare state certainly enabled ... More


Colonizing the Urban Public Sphere

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter describes the shape and nature of the female public sphere as it existed in the late 1930s, arguing that the women's organizations which burgeoned in the inter-war years did much to ... More


Integrating the Working Class

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the attempts of the national WVS leadership to reach out to working-class female activists, often against opposition from both the established middle-class social leaders in ... More


Lady Reading and Women's Voluntary Services

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

To a degree unusual among social institutions, WVS was the creation of a single individual — Lady Reading. For this reason, this chapter explores her belief in the importance of ‘character’, the ... More


Uncertain Future

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In 1945 most WVS members expected the organization to close down, and when it did not do so, they left. At the same time the national leadership of the established women's organizations which had ... More


Introduction

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This introductory chapter focuses on the voluntary work of middle-aged, middle-class women and serves to challenge ‘optimistic’ accounts of the impact of war on class and gender inequalities. It ... More


Voluntary Service

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Voluntary service beyond minimum requirements is an important aspect of professionalism, yet it has received little attention in the study of professional ethics. The dominance of the consensus ... More


Rural England

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In the shire counties as in the towns, the WVS built on existing women's networks, notably the Women's Institutes which, despite their formally democratic structures, usually served to uphold middle ... More


Armed Nationalism

J. E. Cookson

in The British Armed Nation 1793–1815

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206583
eISBN:
9780191677236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206583.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

Linda Colley sees the wars against the French republic and Napoleon Bonaparte as a key experience in the ‘forging’ of a British nation. The wars as a ... More


Discipline and Charm

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the complex and ambiguous relationship between WVS and local government. Voluntary work gave women influence in local government, and, in towns where the local council was in ... More


Coalfield

James Hinton

in Women, Social Leadership, and the Second World War: Continuities of Class

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243297
eISBN:
9780191714054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243297.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In the pit villages of County Durham, the WVS became a site of open class struggle as Labour women used it to challenge the paternalistic hold traditionally exercised by middle-class social leaders ... More


Mothering

Frank Prochaska

in Christianity and Social Service in Modern Britain: The Disinherited Spirit

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199539796
eISBN:
9780191713460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539796.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The mothers' meeting was the most ubiquitous form of infant welfare in Victorian Britain, a crucial agency of Christian voluntary social service. It was a peculiarly female response to the problems ... More


Introduction

Derek Doyle

in Volunteers in hospice and palliative care: A resource for voluntary service managers

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199545827
eISBN:
9780191730429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545827.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This introductory chapter discusses ‘modern’ hospice care, which started in 1967. It describes the evolution of hospices, from those run by religious orders during the Middle Ages, to the 8,000 ... More


Setting the scene: the landscape of volunteering

Steven Howlett

in Volunteers in hospice and palliative care: A resource for voluntary service managers

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199545827
eISBN:
9780191730429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545827.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses the changing environment in which Voluntary Services Managers (VSM) work. It focuses mostly on the recent trends and tries to highlight the trends that remain constant, the ... More


Decolonizing Emotions: The Management of Feeling in the New World Order

Jordanna Bailkin

in Science and Emotions after 1945: A Transatlantic Perspective

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226126340
eISBN:
9780226126517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226126517.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This essay focuses on British efforts to manage emotion during the era of decolonization. As distinctive postcolonial regimes of emotion, welfare and decolonization were both expected to bring about ... More


Camps as social service and social movement

John Field

in Working men's bodies: Work camps in Britain, 1880-1940

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719087684
eISBN:
9781781706015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087684.003.0010
Subject:
History, Social History

A wide variety of voluntary work camp systems developed in the interwar years. This chapter distnguished between those which provided a social service, including the main work camp systems organised ... More


Introduction

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The expression “professional ethics” can mean three things: de facto morality, justified morality, and moral inquiry. Professional ethics consists entirely of the moral requirements attached to a ... More


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