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Ethics: and "The Nature of Moral Philosophy"

G. E. Moore

William H. Shaw (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199272013
eISBN:
9780191603181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272018.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is a new edition of G.E. Moore’s Ethics, originally published in 1912. In it, Moore analyzes the utilitarian account of right and wrong in great detail, defending the doctrine that results ... More


The Dynamic Control of Human Actions

Florian Waszak, Anne Springer, and Wolfgang Prinz

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Human action serves two complementary purposes. On the one hand, actions are meant to achieve desired effects in the environment. On the other hand, people act as a consequence of external events, ... More


Libet and the Criminal Law’s Voluntary Act Requirement

Gideon Yaffe

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explains the meaning and explores the historical sources of the voluntary act requirement in law. It argues that in many ways, even incorporating Libet's discoveries, there is no reason ... More


Utilitarianism

G. E. Moore

in Ethics: and "The Nature of Moral Philosophy"

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199272013
eISBN:
9780191603181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272018.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter and the one that follows analyze and elucidate the normative structure of utilitarianism. Although Moore did not consider himself a utilitarian, it becomes evident as the book proceeds ... More


Volition: Conscious Control of Action

Bernard J. Baars

in In the Theater of Consciousness: The Workspace of the Mind

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195102659
eISBN:
9780199864126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102659.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines volition using the same approach that seemed to work for consciousness. That is, it asks: can we find examples of very similar voluntary and nonvoluntary actions that are ... More


Being Human

Brian Davies

in The Thought of Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198267539
eISBN:
9780191600500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198267533.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Thomas Aquinas maintains that we share in the life of the Trinity as human beings, and in order to grasp the implications of that notion, this chapter examines what he thinks human beings are. First, ... More


Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This is the first attempt to describe the real lives of unmarried mothers, and attitudes to them, in England from the First World War to the present. We focus on England because the legal position, ... More


Act and Crime: The Philosophy of Action and its Implications for Criminal Law

Michael S. Moore

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599509
eISBN:
9780191594656
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599509.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This book seeks illumination of three aspects of Anglo-American criminal law by the philosophy of action. These are, first, the general requirement that an accused perform some voluntary act before ... More


Secrets and Lies: Being and Becoming an Unmarried Mother in Early Twentieth-Century England 1

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Points out how many ‘illegitimate’ children were born between the 1830s and 1930s, but that we don't know how many stayed with their mothers. It outlines the variety of ways they stayed together: for ... More


The Second World War: Another Moral Panic

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

‘Illegitimacy’ increased again during the Second World War, causing another moral panic about rampant sexuality among young people. Official statistics showed reality: pre-marital pregnancy was ... More


Social theory and voluntary action in Britain since 1880

John Offer

in An intellectual history of British social policy: Idealism versus non-idealism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345318
eISBN:
9781447301455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345318.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter addresses idealism and non-idealism as properties of social theories about voluntary action. It also pays attention to idealist and non-idealist social thought in voluntary organisations ... More


Unmarried Mothers in the ‘Welfare State’

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Real improvements for poorer unmarried mothers in the Welfare State created by the post-war Labour Government, building on the wartime experience of inadequate public services for mothers and ... More


The Objectivity of Moral Judgements

G. E. Moore

in Ethics: and "The Nature of Moral Philosophy"

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199272013
eISBN:
9780191603181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272018.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Moore maintains that, in principle, there is an objective answer to questions of right and wrong. More specifically, that a particular action cannot be both right and wrong, either at the same time ... More


Introduction

Pat Thane and Tanya Evans

in Sinners? Scroungers? Saints?: Unmarried Motherhood in Twentieth-Century England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199578504
eISBN:
9780191741838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578504.003.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The Introduction introduces two main themes; first, the experiences of and attitudes to unmarried mothers and their children in twentieth-century England stressing the diversity of those experiences ... More


The Distinction between the Voluntary and the Involuntary

W.F.R. Hardie

in Aristotle's Ethical Theory

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246329
eISBN:
9780191680953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246329.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

At the beginning of Book III, Aristotle gives reasons for discussing the distinction between the ‘voluntary’ (hekousion) and the ‘involuntary’. To say that some action was done, some effect produced, ... More


Criminal Law Theory: Doctrines of the General Part

Stephen Shute and Andrew Simester (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243495
eISBN:
9780191714177
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243495.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Written by philosophers and lawyers from the United States and the United Kingdom, this collection of original essays offers new insights into the doctrines that make up the general part of the ... More


Father of the Welfare State?

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0019
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

In the years that followed, Beveridge was elected to the House of Commons. Later, the new Labour Government began the process of implementing Beveridge's proposals that provided the basis of the ... More


Brain and Body: Conscious will arises from processes that are psychologically and anatomically distinct from the processes whereby mind creates action.

Daniel M. Wegner (ed.)

in The Illusion of Conscious Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262534925
eISBN:
9780262344876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534925.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the anatomical and temporal origins of the experience of will. It examines issues of where the will arises by considering first the anatomy of voluntary action—how it differs ... More


Attitudes to voluntary action

Rose Lindsey, John Mohan, Sarah Bulloch, and Elizabeth Metcalfe

in Continuity and Change in Voluntary Action: Patterns, Trends and Understandings

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447324836
eISBN:
9781447324850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447324836.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

This chapter reviews existing research on attitudes to voluntary action. Despite the importance of this topic, public attitudes have received even less consistent consideration over time than ... More


The Three Pillars of Volition: Phenomenal States, Ideomotor Processing, and the Skeletal Muscle System

Ezequiel Morsella, Tanaz Molapour, and Margaret T. Lynn

in Agency and Joint Attention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199988341
eISBN:
9780199346295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988341.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter tackles the problem of volition from an inductive (instead of deductive) and descriptive (instead of normative) approach. In this “bottom-up” approach, a distinction is made between the ... More


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