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Monogamy, Motherhood, and Health

C. Sue Carter

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter discusses recent research with prairie voles, rodents that live in a state of social monogamy similar to that of human beings. Knowledge of the relatively simple brains and neurohormonal ... More


Sex Differences in Affiliative Behavior and Social Bonding

Larry J. Young and C. Sue Carter

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the neurobiology of affiliative behavior and social bonding in prairie voles using the monogamous prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) as a model system. It focuses on the roles ... More


Food

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

in The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Weasel diets are relatively easy to list, because they are specialist predators on a small number of potential prey species (mostly small mammals and birds, identifiable by standard methods) and ... More


Genes, the Environment, and Free Will

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein

in Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178005
eISBN:
9780199893331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

An excellent example of genetic control of behavior is found in voles, where a single gene encoding the receptor for the neuropeptide vasopressin, has a profound effect on a wide range of social ... More


Constructing a Narrative for the Neolithic of Britain and Ireland: The Use of ‘Hard Science’ and Archaeological Reasoning

Alison Sheridan and Pierre Pétrequin

in Early Farmers: The View from Archaeology and Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265758
eISBN:
9780191771965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265758.003.0019
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Case studies are presented to discuss various ways, good and bad, in which ‘hard science’ has been used to construct aspects of the Neolithic of Britain and Ireland. The use of radiocarbon dating and ... More


Implications for the Neurobiology of Love

Thomas R. Insel

in Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Monogamous mammals are found in many different taxa and in diverse environments. There are two neuropeptide hormones, oxytocin and vasopressin. These two are found exclusively in mammals, but they ... More


Alloparental Behavior and Paternal Behavior in Nonhuman Mammals

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 7 examines alloparental and paternal behavior. Although these behaviors are rare in mammals, their occurrence indicates that parental behavior can occur in the absence of pregnancy and ... More


Arvicoline Rodents from Porcupine Cave: Identification, Spatial Distribution, Taxonomic Assemblages, and Biochronologic Significance

Christopher J. Bell, Charles A. Repenning, and Anthony D. Barnosky

in Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene: The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520240827
eISBN:
9780520930858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520240827.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The arvicolines are a taxonomically diverse assemblage of rodents that includes voles, lemmings, and muskrats and their extinct kin. This chapter presents a summary of the fossil arvicoline rodent ... More


Growth Rates of Male California Voles During a Peak Density Year: The Chitty Effect Revisited: Tasas De Crecimiento En Machos Del Metorito De California Durante Un AÑO De Densidades Maximas: Una RevisiÓN Del Efecto Chitty

William Z. Lidicker

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter directs considerable research effort toward understanding the (Chitty Effect) phenomenon in the expectation that it will lead to elucidation of the cyclic mechanisms. It notes that ... More


The Relative Importance of Predation, Food, and Interspecific Competition for Growth of Prairie Vole (Microtus Ochrogaster) Populations: La Importancia Relativa De PredaciÓN, AlimentaciÓN, Y Competencia InterespecÍFica En El Crecimieto Poblacional Del Metorito De La Pradera (Microtus Ochrogaster)

George O. Batzli, Steven J. Harper, and Yu-teh K. Lin

in The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter presents a new analysis of experimental data that examines the relative effects of three factors—predation, food supply, and interspecific competition—on the population growth of voles. ... More


Population Fluctuations in Rodents

Charles J. Krebs

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226010359
eISBN:
9780226010496
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226010496.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

How did rodent outbreaks in Germany help to end World War I? What caused the destructive outbreak of rodents in Oregon and California in the late 1950s, the large population outbreak of lemmings in ... More


High connectivity despite high fragmentation: iterated dispersal in a vertebrate metapopulation

Xavier Lambin, Diane Le Bouille, Matthew K Oliver, Chris Sutherland, Edoardo Tedesco, and Alex Douglas

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0032
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews published and unpublished studies on dispersal by water voles inhabiting fragmented habitats and organized as metapopulations. Studies of dispersal that have checked the ... More


Vertebrates

David M. Armstrong, James C. Halfpenny, and Charles H. Southwick

in Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117288
eISBN:
9780197561171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117288.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Vertebrates of alpine tundra are near the limits of their genetic tolerance, and thus the alpine provides a natural laboratory for the study of the ecology of these organisms in a climatically ... More


Disease as a Potential Factor in Population Changes

Charles J. Krebs

in Population Fluctuations in Rodents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226010359
eISBN:
9780226010496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226010496.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses diseases as the most likely cause for rodent population fluctuations. It first describes a study carried out on vole tuberculosis and population fluctuations, and then ... More


Classifying Rodent Population Changes

Charles J. Krebs

in Population Fluctuations in Rodents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226010359
eISBN:
9780226010496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226010496.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the rise and fall of rodent populations, and classifies these population changes. First, it defines four background issues that must be reviewed before classifying patterns of ... More


Reproductive Rates in Fluctuating Populations

Charles J. Krebs

in Population Fluctuations in Rodents

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226010359
eISBN:
9780226010496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226010496.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Rodents are well known for their high rates of reproduction. A vole population with an adult weight of 30 grams would increase fivefold over a year while an 80-gram lemming would increase about three ... More


For Impaired: Are animals reliable models of morality?

Vinciane Despret

in What Would Animals Say If We Asked the Right Questions?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816692378
eISBN:
9781452954394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692378.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter considers where animals are reliable models of morality through the example of the vole. While early studies of the vole touted its monogamous fidelity, latter studies proved otherwise ... More


From science to practice: delivering conservation across the landscape

Philip Riordan, Ruth E. Feber, Eva M. Raebel, Paul J. Johnson, and David W. Macdonald

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 2: Conflict in the countryside

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745501
eISBN:
9780191821776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745501.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Farmers’ opinions and priorities are vital to understanding the possibilities for farming and wildlife, for identifying key questions, and refining approaches to answering them. The chapter reports ... More


The population dynamics of bite-sized predators: prey dependence, territoriality, and mobility

Xavier Lambin

in Biology and Conservation of Musteloids

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198759805
eISBN:
9780191820519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759805.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The dependency of mustelid demographic rates on prey abundance has the potential to cause a strong coupling between predator-prey populations. Data on mustelid dynamics show that such strong ... More


What does conservation research do, when should it stop, and what do we do then?: Questions answered with water voles

Tom Moorhouse, David W. Macdonald, Rob Strachan, and Xavier Lambin

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 1: Managing for nature on lowland farms

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745488
eISBN:
9780191807558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745488.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter details the aims and stages of the entire process of conservation research, using as its example a twenty-year retrospective of research on water voles, Arvicola amphibious, in the UK. ... More


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