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Acoustic and auditory effects of articulation

B. S. Rosner and J. B. Pickering

in Vowel Perception and Production

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521389
eISBN:
9780191706622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521389.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Physical features of the vocal tract produce resonances or formants. Formants underlie the acoustics and auditory properties of vowels. Vowel quality is proposed to rest largely on the centre ... More


Why women speak better than men (and its significance for evolution)

Bart de Boer

in The Prehistory of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199545872
eISBN:
9780191720369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545872.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter investigates the effect of the lowering of the larynx in humans, providing an articulatory/acoustic perspective on the evolution of speech. It uses Mermelstein's model of the geometry of ... More


Vowel constancy: normalization

B. S. Rosner and J. B. Pickering

in Vowel Perception and Production

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521389
eISBN:
9780191706622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521389.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Variations in vocal tract size and shape cause spectral differences in the same vowel produced by different speakers. The ERB transform partly supplies the speaker normalization needed for vowel ... More


The Human Speech Code

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter begins by discussing the parts and functions of the human instrument of speech — the vocal tract. It talks about how the auditory system perceives sounds. It then discusses articulatory ... More


The Evolution of the Human Vocal Tract: Specialized for Speech?

Margaret Clegg

in Music, Language, and Human Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199227341
eISBN:
9780191804274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199227341.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines whether the purpose of the evolution of the vocal tract is for specialized speech. It describes descent of the larynx during human evolution and the evidence that Neanderthals ... More


Learning Perceptuo-motor Correspondences

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

in Self-Organization in the Evolution of Speech

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199289158
eISBN:
9780191711091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289158.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents another kind of the artificial system in which, by contrast with Chapter 6, it will not be assumed that the agents are capable from the outset of retrieving articulatory ... More


Taming the Terrible Triplets of the Vocal Tract: Tongue/Hyoid Bone/Larynx

Richard Miller

in On the Art of Singing

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195098259
eISBN:
9780190268374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.003.0074
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter considers how the three parts of the vocal tract—tongue, hyoid bone, and larynx—can be prevented from disrupting the singing voice. Much of the vocal tract is occupied by the tongue, ... More


Diction and Vocal Technique

Richard Miller

in On the Art of Singing

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195098259
eISBN:
9780190268374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter discusses the importance of diction and vocal technique in singing. The production of vocal sound deals with the acoustic phenomena of vowel differentiation. Physiologically, laryngeal ... More


Phonology and evolution

Bart de Boer

in The Oxford History of Phonology

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780198796800
eISBN:
9780191838477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796800.003.0033
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter reviews the history of the interaction between theories of evolution and phonology. It starts by looking at very early work on the origins of speech and then proceeds to present the ... More


The Open Throat (La gola aperta)

Richard Miller

in On the Art of Singing

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195098259
eISBN:
9780190268374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.003.0004
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter discusses the universally accepted position of the open throat (gola aperta) in singing. The potential for varying the shape of the vocal tract (the resonator tube that acts as an ... More


The Invisible Instrument?

Richard Miller

in On the Art of Singing

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195098259
eISBN:
9780190268374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.003.0072
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter considers the “unseen” vocal instrument, that is, the vocal folds cannot be directly viewed. The finger of the pianist can be placed in exactly the desired position on the keyboard, the ... More


Celebrating TGE Singers in Choral Classrooms

Matthew L. Garrett and Joshua Palkki

in Honoring Trans and Gender-Expansive Students in Music Education

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197506592
eISBN:
9780197506639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197506592.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, American

Trans and gender-expansive (TGE) singers experience music-making challenges specific to their vocal instruments. This chapter is devoted solely to choirs and the TGE students who sing in them. A ... More


The Incorrupt Jaw and Tongue of Saint Anthony of Padua

Richard Miller

in On the Art of Singing

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195098259
eISBN:
9780190268374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.003.0087
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter focuses on the “incorrupt jaw and tongue” of St. Anthony of Padua, known for his legendary ability to use vocal timbres and histrionics in preaching. Thousands of devout pilgrims come to ... More


Thinking Phonetically (Values and Pitfalls of the IPA)

Richard Miller

in On the Art of Singing

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195098259
eISBN:
9780190268374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.003.0017
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter considers the notion of thinking phonetically when singing. Some vocal pedagogies maintain that there is one ideal position of the mouth and pharynx during singing, only minimally ... More


The Effect of Tongue Position on Spectra in Singing

Richard Miller

in On the Art of Singing

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195098259
eISBN:
9780190268374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.003.0085
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter discusses the effect of tongue position on the singing voice. Attached to the hyoid bone, the tongue extends forward to the lips, thus occupying nearly the entire vocal tract (chief ... More


The Three Musketeers of Tension: Tongue/Neck/Jaw

Richard Miller

in On the Art of Singing

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195098259
eISBN:
9780190268374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195098259.003.0075
Subject:
Music, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter considers how the tongue, neck, and jaw cause tension in singers, along with some pedagogical ways of controlling them. The tongue occupies much of the vocal tract and can alter the ... More


Language, Concepts, and Abstract Thought

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter

in How the Mind Comes into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198739692
eISBN:
9780191834462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739692.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

Language is probably the most complex form of universal communication. A finite set of words enables us to express a mere infinite number of thoughts and ideas, which we set together by obeying ... More


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