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The Science of Sympathy: Morality, Evolution, and Victorian Civilization

Rob Boddice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040580
eISBN:
9780252099021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040580.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In his Descent of Man, Charles Darwin placed sympathy at the crux of morality in civilized society. His idea buttressed the belief that white, upper-class, educated men deserved their sense of ... More


Galen: The Birth of Experimentation

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Galen, born in the ancient Greek city of Pergamon, was most attracted to a medicine based on anatomy and physiology. Galen traveled to Smyrna, Corinth, and other Greek centers of learning in an ... More


Antivivisectionary Rhetoric and Pain

Lucy Bending

in The Representation of Bodily Pain in Late Nineteenth–Century English Culture

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187172
eISBN:
9780191674648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187172.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter brings together the theoretical concerns of Chapter 3 and close readings of the literature of vivisection of the 1880s and 1890s, to ... More


Charles Bell and the Anatomy of Reform

Carin Berkowitz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226280394
eISBN:
9780226280424
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226280424.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book follows the path of Charles Bell’s professional life in London. At the same time, chapters are organized so as to move through the different spaces in which medical teaching was done in ... More


Albrecht von Haller as Arbiter of German Medicine: Göttingen and Bern (1736–1777)

John H. Zammito

in The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226520797
eISBN:
9780226520827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226520827.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Haller made the new University of Göttingen one of the preeminent centers of Enlightenment in Germany, not least through the development of his new program of research in physiology. Haller’s ... More


Defining a Discovery: Changes in British Medical Culture and the Priority Dispute over the Discovery of the Roots of Motor and Sensory Nerves

Carin Berkowitz

in Charles Bell and the Anatomy of Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226280394
eISBN:
9780226280424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226280424.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter details Bell’s long priority dispute with the Frenchman François Magendie over the discovery of separate roots of motor and sensory nerves. Their dispute can be understood in terms of ... More


Petted Things: Cruelty and Sympathy in the Brontës

Ivan Kreilkamp

in Minor Creatures: Persons, Animals, and the Victorian Novel

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226576237
eISBN:
9780226576404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226576404.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter argues that the early novels of the Brontë sisters were written in conversation with an emerging set of social, political, and philosophical questions regarding the human treatment of ... More


The History of Modern Animal Rights Activism

Morrison Adrian R.

in An Odyssey with Animals: A Veterinarian's Reflections on the Animal Rights & Welfare Debate

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195374445
eISBN:
9780199847938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374445.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter provides a history of the evolution of the animal welfare movement, highlighting their use by scientists in particular. Historically, vivisection on animals without anesthesia was a ... More


A. Stramaglia (ed., tr., comm.), [Quintiliano]. I gemelli malati: un caso di vivisezione (Declamazioni maggiori, 8), Edizioni dell’Università degli Studi di Cassino (Cassino, 1999)

Michael Winterbottom

Antonio Stramaglia, Francesca Romana Nocchi, and Giuseppe Russo (eds)

in Papers on Quintilian and Ancient Declamation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198836056
eISBN:
9780191873423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836056.003.0035
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

A. Stramaglia’s [Quintiliano], I gemelli malati (1999) was a new edition, equipped with translation and commentary, of the eighth of the collection of Major Declamations wrongly attributed to ... More


Posthuman Viability

Bruce Clarke

in Posthuman Metamorphosis: Narrative and Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823228508
eISBN:
9780823240999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823228508.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Modern metamorphs sometimes take an alternative form, just like with the Beast People in The Island of Dr. Moreau, they emerge within an entire population, which must then grapple with a general and ... More


Surrogate Suffering: Paradigms of Sin, Salvation, and Sacrifice Within the Vivisection Movement

Antonia Gorman

in Ecospirit: Religions and Philosophies for the Earth

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227457
eISBN:
9780823236626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227457.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter draws attention to the presence of a particular, secularized formulation of the atonement model within vivisection in the hope that through recognition we may ... More


Common Compassion and the Mad Scientist

Rob Boddice

in The Science of Sympathy: Morality, Evolution, and Victorian Civilization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040580
eISBN:
9780252099021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040580.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the debate about the dangers of a civilisation losing its grip on ‘common compassion’, thereby to explain the cultural fascination with the ‘mad scientist’. The common quality ... More


Sympathy as Callousness? Physiology and Vivisection

Rob Boddice

in The Science of Sympathy: Morality, Evolution, and Victorian Civilization

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040580
eISBN:
9780252099021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040580.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There has been much confusion about Darwin’s connection to the field of physiology, with regard to his support for vivisection. The chapter connects the intellectual position of Darwin with regard to ... More


Archaeology of a Humane Society: Animality, Savagery, Blackness

Michael Lundblad

in The Birth of a Jungle: Animality in Progressive-Era U.S. Literature and Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917570
eISBN:
9780199332830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917570.003.0021
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter explores the problematic relationship between animality and U.S. race relations at the turn of the twentieth century. Engaging the work of critics and theorists such as Jacqueline ... More


Shaw and Cruelty

Lawrence Switzky

in Shaw and Feminisms: On Stage and Off

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813042435
eISBN:
9780813043067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042435.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Shaw maintained an ambivalent attitude about pain, viewing it both as gratuitous cruelty and a necessity for social change and progress. Shaw considered sensitivity to pain a feminine quality, ... More


The Necessity Defense

Sherry F. Colb and Michael C. Dorf

in Beating Hearts: Abortion and Animal Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231175142
eISBN:
9780231540957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175142.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Nearly all of the existing uses that humans make of animals, their products and their body parts are plainly unjustified, because humans can thrive without such use of animals. By contrast, most ... More


The Claims of Kinship: Humanitarian Ideals at the Century’s End

John Stokes

in The Edinburgh Companion to Fin de Siècle Literature, Culture and the Arts

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474408912
eISBN:
9781474445030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408912.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This Chapter examines the self-styled late nineteenth-century humanitarians and their formal organization, ‘The Humanitarian League’. It stresses the visionary zeal of the movement, and examines the ... More


Empty Cages: Animal Rights and Vivisection

Tom Regan

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter outlines the basic argument linking animal rights with human rights and then critically responds to some of the more frequently encountered objections to animal rights. It discusses the ... More


Knives Out: Thinking On, With, Through, and Against Paper in the Mid–1660s

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses upon a single artifact: the paper model of Richard Towneley’s telescopic micrometer that Robert Hooke fashioned in the fall of 1667. Cut, pasted, patched and apparently wounded, ... More


The Whole on the Verge of Collapse: Physiology’s Test

Stefanos Geroulanos and Todd Meyers

in The Human Body in the Age of Catastrophe: Brittleness, Integration, Science, and the Great War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226556451
eISBN:
9780226556628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226556628.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Chapter 1 begins at a moment of transformation in the field of experimental human physiology that fomented a deep and unequivocal move to a focus on system-wide functions of the human organism. The ... More


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