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Extracting Our Venus

William R. Newman

in Newton the Alchemist

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691174877
eISBN:
9780691185033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174877.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses Newton's attempt to purify his antimonial sublimate of copper vitriol from excess antimony and sal ammoniac to obtain a material that he calls “our Venus.” The project of ... More


The Salt Makers

Peter Wothers

in Antimony, Gold, and Jupiter's Wolf: How the elements were named

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199652723
eISBN:
9780191918230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652723.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

This chapter looks at the elements from the penultimate group of the periodic table—the halogens (‘salt-formers’). We shall see that the first of these elements was discovered by Scheele during his ... More


What Is Pyrite?

David Rickard

in Pyrite: A Natural History of Fool's Gold

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190203672
eISBN:
9780197559482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203672.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Mineralogy and Gems

In this chapter I show how pyrite was at the heart of our early understanding of the composition of substances and how it was central to the acceptance of the revolutionary idea that substances ... More


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