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Human Persons

Dana Simmons

in Vital Minimum: Need, Science, and Politics in Modern France

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226251561
eISBN:
9780226251738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251738.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines an entanglement of class politics, science and consumption in the postwar French welfare state. In spring 1950, the French Minister of Labor asked a group of union leaders, ... More


Vital Wages

Dana Simmons

in Vital Minimum: Need, Science, and Politics in Modern France

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226251561
eISBN:
9780226251738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251738.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Wage debates in twentieth-century Europe were dominated by a new regulating principle: the minimum vital, ‘living wage’ or Existenzminimum. This chapter analyzes the political-scientific content of ... More


Vital Minimum: Need, Science, and Politics in Modern France

Dana Simmons

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226251561
eISBN:
9780226251738
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251738.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book is about the science and politics of human needs. Since the French Revolution, human needs have served to legitimize or to challenge modern forms of social organization. The precept that ... More


Introduction

Dana Simmons

in Vital Minimum: Need, Science, and Politics in Modern France

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226251561
eISBN:
9780226251738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251738.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

What is a need, a want, a luxury? This chapter establishes ‘need’ as a social, biological, scientific and political category in need of a history. Chemist Antoine Lavoisier articulated a fundamental ... More


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