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The Architecture of Animal Minds

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the minds of all animals (even honey bees) are organized around a perception/belief/desire/planning/motor-control architecture. There are also multiple modules for generating ... More


Historical background

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the history of the subject to the early twentieth century. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 2.1 discusses the history of visual science, covering the Greeks; the ... More


Innateness and (Bayesian) Visual Perception: Reconciling Nativism and Development

Brian J. Scholl

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores a way in which visual processing may involve innate constraints and attempts to show how such processing overcomes one enduring challenge to nativism. In particular, many ... More


The Reading Networks and Dyslexia

John Stein

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter provides an overview of the reading networks and their implications for our understanding of developmental dyslexia. In particular, it focuses on the sublexical letter-sound conversion ... More


 Visual Mental Imagery: A Case Study in Interdisciplinary Research

S. M. Kosslyn

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of how visual mental imagery has progressed from a time of introspective analysis alone to the examination of the brain circuitry that underlies it. This sets ... More


Development and pathology of binocular vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the development of the visual system and the development of binocular vision. It then covers stereoanomalies, brain damage and stereopsis, the effects of dark ... More


Introduction

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The human visual system consists of a system for inspecting objects, starting with the fovea in the retina, and a system for noticing which objects should be inspected, and directing the eyes to look ... More


Development of the visual system

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 1 Basic Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764143
eISBN:
9780199949359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.003.0205
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter starts with a brief outline of how eyes evolved from simple eyespots to complex camera-like eyes. An account of the development of the visual system starts with a description of methods ... More


Vision: A Neuroethological Perspective

Benjamin Y. Hayden

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter presents a detailed neuroanatomical and neurophysiological account of visual processing in the primate brain. It suggests that consideration of the natural requirements for detecting and ... More


Why Localized Spatial Frequency Filtering?

Russell L. De Valois and Karen K. De Valois

in Spatial Vision

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195066579
eISBN:
9780199872220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066579.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter argues that visual information is encoded in terms of spatial frequency because the visual world is periodic and can thus be more efficiently encoded in the spatial frequency domain than ... More


BACKGROUND TO ACTIVE VISION

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the features of the visual and oculomotor systems that are particularly important for understanding active vision. First, the chapter describes the inhomogeneity of the visual ... More


Functional Neuroanatomy of Reading in Japanese: Language-specific Exploitation of the Visual Word Form System in the Left Occipitotemporal Cortex

Kimihiro Nakamura

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter examines past neuropsychological and brain imaging data of the Japanese language to shed light on the universal and language-specific aspects of the cerebral reading system. First, it ... More


Binocular fusion and rivalry

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The fact that inputs from two eyes feed into a common mechanism gives rise to several interesting problems. Signals from the two eyes that arise from the same object must be distinguished from ... More


Visual Reflections: A Perceptual Deficit and Its Implications

Michael McCloskey

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168693
eISBN:
9780199871513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168693.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

How much can we learn about normal visual perception and cognition from a malfunctioning visual system? Quite a lot, as this book makes abundantly clear. This book presents the author's work with AH, ... More


Developmental Origins of Object Perception

Scott P. Johnson

in Learning and the Infant Mind

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195301151
eISBN:
9780199894246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301151.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the illustrates four key steps that the visual system follows in perceiving objects: (1) segmentation of the visual scene into its components, components that ... More


Visual Subsystems

Michael McCloskey

in Visual Reflections: A Perceptual Deficit and Its Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168693
eISBN:
9780199871513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168693.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter further develops a multiple-subsystems hypothesis positing distinct transient and sustained subsystems in high-level vision, and relates it to knowledge about independent pathways in ... More


Visual Updating and Visual Awareness

Michael McCloskey

in Visual Reflections: A Perceptual Deficit and Its Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168693
eISBN:
9780199871513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168693.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents results concerning AH's head and eye movements and the consequences of these movements for her visual location perception. It shows that AH often moved her head and eyes in the ... More


Introduction

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This introductory chapter talks about how every creature is guided by its eyes as it carries out its accustomed behaviors. Each animal's eyes allows it to execute the behavior necessary for its ... More


Linear Systems Analysis

Russell L. De Valois and Karen K. De Valois

in Spatial Vision

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195066579
eISBN:
9780199872220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066579.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter provides a background on linear systems analysis to allow the reader to follow the applications to visual problems discussed in this book. Specifically, it discusses the Fourier theorem ... More


Development of the Visual System in Birds and Mammals

Hans-Joachim Bischof

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the development of the visual system in birds and mammals. It briefly describes the first phase, when the system is organized without much information from sensory organs. It ... More


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