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Visual Stress

Arnold J. Wilkins

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book provides the first general neurological theory of visual discomfort. The theory attributes the experience of visual discomfort to the strong physiological excitation that certain visual ... More


Visual Sensory Memory

David E. Irwin and Laura E. Thomas

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Visual stimuli not only remain visible for some time after their physical offset, but information about their characteristics also persists; that is, not only does something that looks like the ... More


A Neoconstructivistic Approach to the Emergence of a Face Processing System

Francesca Simion and Irene Leo

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines (1) whether some constraints or prewired attentional biases are present at birth; (2) if these constraints are general or specific; and (3) how they contribute to guide and ... More


Motion Vision and Eye Movements

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers motion vision and eye movements. It analyzes the general features and properties of motion vision that apply to all animals and examines how these are tuned for the visual ... More


Orbitofrontal cortex processing: neurophysiology and neuroimaging

Edmund T. Rolls

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198845997
eISBN:
9780191881237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845997.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The functioning of the orbitofrontal cortex is described. It is shown that it receives information about what stimulus is present from the sensory pathways, and represents this in terms of its reward ... More


A Paradox

Michael McCloskey

in Visual Reflections: A Perceptual Deficit and Its Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168693
eISBN:
9780199871513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168693.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The results discussed in the preceding chapters lead to a paradox: On the one hand, data from a broad range of laboratory tasks implied that AH was severely impaired in perceiving the location and ... More


Computational Modeling of Infant Concept Learning: The Developmental Shift from Features to Correlations

Thomas R. Shultz

in Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195366709
eISBN:
9780199863969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366709.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Vision

This chapter concerns the computational modeling of one of Les Cohen's most important discoveries in infant information processing—the developmental shift from learning about visual stimulus features ... More


Visual peripersonal space in humans

Elisabetta Làdavas

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter outlines evidence of the existence of a visual peripersonal space in humans that seems to be codified by an integrated visuotactile system. It describes the evidence of the existence of ... More


Electro- and magneto-encephalographic and event-related potential studies of visual processing in normals and neurological patients

Thomas F. Münte and Hans-Jochen Heinze

in The Neuropsychology of Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505822
eISBN:
9780191686900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505822.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter provides an overview of non-invasive electrophysiological studies of the human visual system. It begins to explore the influences of passive visual stimulation using different stimuli, ... More


Unconscious perception: blindsight

L. Weiskrantz

in The Neuropsychology of Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505822
eISBN:
9780191686900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505822.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter shows that blindsight illustrates that at least a limited analysis of visual signals continues in some patients even in those parts of their visual field for which they are subjectively ... More


Neuronal correlates of recognition memory

Malcolm W. Brown

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with neuronal responses that carry information relating to the previous occurrence of visual stimuli. It concentrates on what is known of neuronal responses within this ... More


Evaluation of sensory visual development based on measures of oculomotor responses

Cathy Buquet and Jacques R. Charlier

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Studies of oculomotor responses greatly contributed to the evaluation of sensory visual functions in non-verbal children. These developments result from a better understanding of the oculomotor ... More


Development of the visual field: results from human and animal studies

Ruxandra Sireteanu

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The extent of the adult visual field gives important clues on brain functioning. Visual field deficits often accompany, and sometimes predict, the onset of neurological problems. It is therefore of ... More


Flying Flying

Malcolm Burrows

in The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Locusts often start to fly by jumping into the air. A decision to jump is not always accompanied by a decision to fly, but flight can result from the consequence of a jump setting up an air current ... More


Physiological Mechanisms of Adaptation in the Visual System

Michael R. Ibbotson

in Fitting the Mind to the World: Adaptation and After-Effects in High-Level Vision

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529699
eISBN:
9780191689697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529699.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the physiological mechanisms that drive adaptation at higher processing levels in the nervous system. It discusses the mechanisms that generate beneficial alterations in the ... More


The Processing of Spatial Form by the Human Brain Studied by Recording the Brain’s Electrical and Magnetic Responses to Visual Stimuli

David Regan and Marian P. Regan

in Seeing Spatial Form

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195172881
eISBN:
9780199847570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172881.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Different visual stimuli elicit electrical and magnetic responses from the brain. This chapter covers attempts to use such electrical and magnetic brain responses to gain more knowledge on how the ... More


Category Structure and Typicality Effects

Masako Jitsumori

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The ability of organisms to categorize objects may enable them to learn about their environment economically, with a decrease in the amount of ... More


Reward processing and conscious awareness

Mathias Pessiglione, Liane Schmidt, Stefano Palminteri, and Chris D. Frith

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Can our behaviour be motivated by environmental signals that we are not aware of? This chapter casts light on this question, with a series of experiments investigating whether the human brain can ... More


Adaptation and Perceptual Binding in Sight and Sound

Derek H. Arnold and David Whitney

in Fitting the Mind to the World: Adaptation and After-Effects in High-Level Vision

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529699
eISBN:
9780191689697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529699.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter first reviews some studies that have used adaptation as a tool to examine how information from different sensory modalities, vision and audition, becomes perceptually bound. It then ... More


Aging and the ability to ignore irrelevant information in visual search and enumeration tasks

Elizabeth A. Maylor and Derrick G. Watson

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents some of recent experiments exploring age-related differences in the effects of irrelevant distractors in visual search and enumeration tasks. The first study shows that age ... More


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