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Associative Learning Mechanisms in Vision

Marvin M. Chun and Nicholas B. Turk-Browne

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a review of behavioral evidence of associative learning in vision. It considers which types of associations can be learned, and then explores the properties and constraints ... More


Innateness and (Bayesian) Visual Perception: Reconciling Nativism and Development

Brian J. Scholl

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores a way in which visual processing may involve innate constraints and attempts to show how such processing overcomes one enduring challenge to nativism. In particular, many ... More


Vision: A Neuroethological Perspective

Benjamin Y. Hayden

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter presents a detailed neuroanatomical and neurophysiological account of visual processing in the primate brain. It suggests that consideration of the natural requirements for detecting and ... More


Contextual Modulations of Visual Receptive Fields: A Bayesian Perspective

Sophie Denève and Timm Lochmann

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter proposes a normative neural model of visual processing under the assumption that visual spiking neurons optimally detect the presence of independent objects in dynamic visual scenes. ... More


Semantic Asymmetries Must Originate in a Visual Asymmetry

Carol Whitney

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter shows how the many asymmetries that have been observed in half-field studies of visual word recognition must originate at a prelexical level. In particular, it uses the Sequential ... More


Age-Related Changes in NeuralActivity During Visual Perception and Attention

David J. Madden, Wythe L. Whiting, and Scott A. Huettel

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter presents an overview of age-related changes in sensory systems that alter the identification of objects and events in the environment. It reviews the behavioral literature on perception ... More


Grouping and Early Visual Processing in Avian Vision

Robert G. Cook and Carl Erick Hagmann

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines early visual processing in birds revealed by the analysis of multi-element textured arrays. Pigeons, and presumably most other species of birds, share many common properties ... More


Primate Visual Attention: How Studies of Monkeys Have Shaped Theories of Selective Visual Processing

Pierre Pouget, Jason Arita, and Geoffrey F. Woodman

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses four theories of attention and how studies of visual processing and attentional selection in primates have largely shaped these theories. The first theory is the ... More


Depth contrast and interactive processes

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of stereopsis and absolute disparity, simultaneous depth contrast, and successive depth contrast. It then covers stereoscopic interpolation, stereo and figural ... More


Visuomotor representations

PIERRE JACOB and MARC JEANNEROD

in Ways of Seeing: The scope and limits of visual cognition

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198509219
eISBN:
9780191584909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509219.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers both conceptual reasons and empirical evidence in favour of the dualistic model of the human visual system applied to the vision of objects. It examines the contribution of the ... More


Visual Mental Images in the Brain: Overview of a Theory

Stephen M. Kosslyn, William L. Thompson, and Giorgio Ganis

in The Case for Mental Imagery

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195179088
eISBN:
9780199893829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179088.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines a neurologically plausible theory of visual mental imagery that posits depictive representations. The goal is not to review the theory in detail, but rather to provide enough ... More


Cortical visual systems for perception and action *

A. David Milner and Melvyn A. Goodale

in Perception, Action, and Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics and Two Visual Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199551118
eISBN:
9780191594960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551118.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1992, a model of cortical visual processing was proposed that made a distinction between vision for perception and vision for action. The model has developed and crystallized steadily over the ... More


Spatial coordinates and phenomenology in the two visual systems model

Pierre Jacob and Frédérique de Vignemont

in Perception, Action, and Consciousness: Sensorimotor Dynamics and Two Visual Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199551118
eISBN:
9780191594960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551118.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The ‘two-visual’ systems hypothesis has recently come under attack regarding its proposed functional dichotomy between vision-for-action and vision-for-perception as well as for the limited ... More


Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Edmund Rolls and Gustavo Deco

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This book presents the highly complex subject of vision, focusing on the visual information processing and computational operations in the visual system that lead to representations of objects in the ... More


Do Perception and Action Result from Different Brain Circuits? The Three Visual Systems Hypothesis

Giacomo Rizzolatti and Vittorio Gallese

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter argues that the separation of the cortical visual processing into two streams is insufficient and, in the version where perception and action are kept separated, leads to a ... More


Visual AttentionComputational Problems, Strategies, and Mechanisms

John K Tsotsos, Albert L Rothenstein, Evgueni Simine, and Andrei Zaharescu

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Visual attention seems to be a magnet for experiment and theory. Indeed, the quantity of experimental methods and data seems overwhelming and new theories appear with increasing frequency. Yet, ... More


Outputs of visual processing

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines the outputs of the ventral visual processing stream, from the inferior temporal visual cortical areas in particular. It explains that neuronal outputs provide a distributed ... More


Emotional Influences on Visuospatial Attention

Harlan M Fichtenholtz and Kevin S LaBar

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on how emotional processing in the amygdala and related limbic regions interact with frontoparietal attentional control systems and the visual processing stream. Such effects ... More


The varieties of normal human visual processing

PIERRE JACOB and MARC JEANNEROD

in Ways of Seeing: The scope and limits of visual cognition

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198509219
eISBN:
9780191584909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509219.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Numerous psychophysical experiments have revealed in normal human vision a rich and intriguing set of dissociations between different ways of processing one and the same visual stimulus. Of ... More


Compound Social Cues in Human Face Processing

Reginald B. Adams, Robert G. Franklin, Anthony J. Nelson, and Michael T. Stevenson

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter describes a rationale for understanding compound social cue processing in the face. This approach comes with a number of assumptions. The first assumption is that facial features ... More


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