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Multisensory Integration and Calibration in Adults and in Children

David Burr, Paola Binda, and Monica Gori

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses recent experiments on cross-sensory integration and calibration. It first gives a clear example of sensory integration of visual and auditory signals (the “ventriloquist ... More


Perceptual Development in Infancy as the Foundation of Event Perception

Scott P. Johnson, Dima Amso, Michael Frank, and Sarah Shuwairi

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines event perception in infancy. To address the question of infants' segmentation and integration of the units of perceptual input, it considers the nature of the auditory and ... More


Top-down Biases in Visual Short-term Memory

Mark G Stokes and Anna C Nobre

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The ability to hold visual information in mind beyond the duration of the initial sensory stimulation critically underpins many higher-level cognitive functions. In particular, visual short-term ... More


A Computer Animated Tutor for Language Learning: Research and Applications

Dominic W. Massaro

in Advances in the Spoken Language Development of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195179873
eISBN:
9780199893706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179873.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter emphasizes the multimodal nature of perception of spoken languages, as visual information from the speaker's face and lips provides visual help for both hearing and deaf listeners in ... More


Conscious and unconscious visual processing in the human brain

A. David Milner

in Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses two distinct and quasi-separate brain systems, the dorsal and ventral visual streams. First, it uses the metaphor of two people singing from the same hymn sheet, and argues ... More


Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Lawrence Weiskrantz and Martin Davies (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In recent years consciousness has become a significant area of study in the cognitive sciences. This book is an interdisciplinary exploration of consciousness. The book stems from the Chichele ... More


Retina

PETER STERLING and JONATHAN B. DEMB

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

The retina is a thin sheet of neural tissue lining the posterior hemisphere of the eye ball. It is actually part of the brain itself, evaginating from the lateral wall of the neural tube during ... More


Visual peripersonal space in humans

Elisabetta Làdavas

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter outlines evidence of the existence of a visual peripersonal space in humans that seems to be codified by an integrated visuotactile system. It describes the evidence of the existence of ... More


Attributes and possible pathways of residual visual capacity

Lawrence Weiskrantz

in Consciousness Lost and Found: A Neuropsychological Exploration

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524588
eISBN:
9780191689222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524588.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the absence of striate cortex, it is in no sense completely deprived of visual information, although it may be reduced quantitatively. This chapter examines how the residual information is ... More


Current ideas on motor control and learning: implications for therapy

Theo Mulder

in Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses recent notions on motor control and learning. It aims to give the reader an impression of modern psychological thinking on motor control and learning. The learning of motor ... More


Students with Visual and Perceptual Difficulties

Simon Leung and Phoebe Yeung

in Learning Diversity in the Chinese Classroom: Contexts and Practice for Students with Special Needs

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9789622098725
eISBN:
9789882207134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098725.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Secondary Education

Visual impairment poses significant obstacles to a child’s learning because learning is normally dependent on visual information. In order to be able to assist a visually impaired student in the ... More


Mechanisms underlying the short-term retention of information

Bradley R. Postle

in Neuroimaging of Human Memory: Linking cognitive processes to neural systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217298
eISBN:
9780191696077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217298.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines a series of experiments investigating the short-term retention (STR) of visual information, also known as the storage component of short-term or working memory. It focuses on ... More


Visuospatial short-term memory

Alan Baddeley

in Working Memory, Thought, and Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528012
eISBN:
9780191689505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528012.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

From the phonological loop, this chapter moves on to the visuospatial sketchpad (VSSP). In particular, it focuses on the short-term storage of visual and spatial information. The author contends in ... More


How the Sense of Body Influences the Sense of Touch

Elisabetta Làdavas and Andrea Serino

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0112
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Vision has an impact on the primary levels of tactile processing, and visual information related to the body appears to be effective in enhancing the tactile sensation. To substantiate this notion, ... More


Grouping and Segmentation of Visual Objects by Baboons (Papio papio) and Humans (Homo sapiens)

Joël Fagot and Isabelle Barbet

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the results of a series of experiments aimed at investigating visual-information processing in baboons. Two lines of ... More


Visual masking and task switching in the attentional blink

James T. Enns, Troy A. W. Visser, Jun-ichiro Kawahara, and Vincent Di Hollo

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

When two targets are presented in rapid succession, identification of the first target is nearly perfect, but identification of the second target is impaired when it follows the first by less than ... More


Graph Design for the Eye and Mind

Stephen M. Kosslyn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195311846
eISBN:
9780199847075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311846.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Graphs have become a fixture of everyday life, used in scientific and business publications, in magazines and newspapers, on television, on billboards, and even on cereal boxes. Nonetheless, ... More


Neuropsychology of communicative movements

Pierre Feyereisen

in Gesture, Speech, and Sign

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524519
eISBN:
9780191689215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524519.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The first part of this chapter focuses on the control of action. Apparently simple movements, such as pointing to, holding, or showing how to manipulate an object, involve complex transformations of ... More


The Two Dorsal Visual Streams and Their Role in Perception

Rizzolatti Giacomo, Fogassi Leonardo, and Luppino Giuseppe

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter describes how visual information is transformed into motor acts. It examines the concept of two visual systems and illustrates that the dorsal stream is actually formed by two basically ... More


Visuospatial Processes

Joan Stiles, Judy S. Reilly, Susan C. Levine, Doris A. Trauner, and Ruth Nass

in Neural Plasticity and Cognitive Development: Insights from Children with Perinatal Brain Injury

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389944
eISBN:
9780190255718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389944.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a summary of the neuroarchitecture of the two primary visual streams. The summary focuses on the flow of visual information beginning, for both streams, in primary visual ... More


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