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Amodal Completion and Illusory Perception in Birds and Primates

Kazuo Fujita, Noriyuki Nakamura, Ayumi Sakai, Sota Watanabe, and Tomokazu Ushitani

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter compares amodal completion and the perception of visual illusions in birds and primates. Amodal completion concerns the perception of partly occluded figures. Visual illusions, in ... More


Attention and Sensorimotor Intentionality

Charles Siewert

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In Phenomenology of Perception, Merleau–Ponty holds that sensory consciousness of place exhibits an indeterminacy that shows it is, in a sense, non-representational. But he thinks this does not ... More


Illusions in neglect, illusions of neglect

Giuseppe Vallar and Roberta Daini

in The Cognitive and Neural Bases of Spatial Neglect

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508335
eISBN:
9780191687327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508335.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter provides a discussion on illusions in neglect. The data shows that the pathological bias producing the line-length effect applies not only to physical but also to perceived represented ... More


Can sensation be measured?

Donald Laming

in The Measurement of Sensation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523420
eISBN:
9780191712425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523420.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

There have long been psychologists who have asserted that sensation is not measurable. This second chapter looks at philosophical objections to the idea and empirical findings that bear on the issue. ... More


The Visual World as Illusion: The Ones We Know and the Ones We Don’t

Stephen Grossberg

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter shows how visual illusions arise from neural processes that play an adaptive role in achieving the remarkable perceptual capabilities of advanced brains. It clarifies that many visual ... More


The Illusion of Causality: A Cognitive Bias Underlying Pseudoscience

Fernando Blanco and Helena Matute

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the last decades, cognitive Psychology has provided researchers with a powerful background and the rigor of experimental methods to better understand why so many people believe in pseudoscience, ... More


Visual Illusions in Action

Nicola Bruno

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter presents a review of the evidence supporting the notion that motor responses may resist visual illusions. It asks the question of whether actions will be affected by illusions. The ... More


The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Arthur G. Shapiro and Dejan Todorovic (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Visual illusions cut across academic divides and popular interests: on the one hand, illusions provide entertainment as curious tricks of the eye; on the other hand, scientific research related to ... More


Weighted Positional Averaging in the Illusions of the Müller-Lyer Type

Aleksandr Bulatov

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The limited ability to estimate properly the linear extent or spatial separation of objects is one of the well-tested and documented features of visual perception. However, despite a large amount of ... More


The Occlusion, Configural Shape, and Shrinkage Illusions

Stephen E. Palmer and Karen B. Schloss

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

A suite of three related visual illusions of size and shape are described—the occlusion illusion (OI), configural shape illusion (CSI), and shrinkage illusion (SI)—along with the relations among ... More


True Colors

M. Chirimuuta

in Outside Color: Perceptual Science and the Puzzle of Color in Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029087
eISBN:
9780262327435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029087.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter addresses some obvious objections to color adverbialism which arise from considering the dominant theories within the philosophy of perception, such as the problem of perceptual error. ... More


Top-Down Predictions Determine Perceptions

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter

in How the Mind Comes into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198739692
eISBN:
9780191834462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739692.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

While bottom-up visual processing is important, the brain integrates this information with top-down, generative expectations from very early on in the visual processing hierarchy. Indeed, our brain ... More


Vision and the Visual System

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This book provides the essential facts about how visual information is processed in the brain. The book has 16 chapters. Chapter 1 provides basic information about the methods that are used by ... More


On the Pinna Illusion

Baingio Pinna

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0074
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The Pinna illusion is the first case of visual illusion showing a rotating motion phenomenon. Squares, arranged in two concentric rings, show a strong counter-rotation effect. The inner ring of the ... More


Motion Illusions in Static Patterns

Johannes M. Zanker

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0085
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

Some paintings, and other art forms, create vivid sensations of shimmering and movement, despite the fact that they are nothing more than simple static patterns of paint on a static canvas. This is ... More


The Enigmatic Enigma Illusion

Kai Hamburger

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0067
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

As a visual illusion, the Enigma illusion is a pattern that in its original version consists of 120 black radial lines on a white background intercepted by three bicolored annuli and a central disk. ... More


Why the Concept of “Visual Illusions” Is Misleading

Dale Purves, William T. Wojtach, and R. Beau Lotto

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

A common misconception is that we see the world in accord with physical reality but are sometimes fooled in special circumstances that give rise to discrepancies between reality and what we perceive ... More


Perceiving

Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin

in Evolving Enactivism: Basic Minds Meet Content

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036115
eISBN:
9780262339773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036115.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 7 begins to puts REC positive story into action. It opens by questioning the value of appealing to a priori intuitions in trying to understand the character of perceiving. Focusing on ... More


The Three-Dimensional Necker Cube

Nicola Bruno

in The Oxford Compendium of Visual Illusions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199794607
eISBN:
9780190654795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794607.003.0114
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The Necker cube is a widely known example of a reversible figure. Perceptual reversals were first observed in engravings of crystals by the Swiss geologist Louis Albert Necker in 1832. Although ... More


Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Allison B. Kaufman and James C. Kaufman (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed ... More


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