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Physiology of the visual system

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the general physiology of the visual system. The discussions cover the eye; visual pathways and decussation; the lateral geniculate nucleus; visual cortex; the stimulus tuning of ... More


Physiology of the visual system

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 1 Basic Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764143
eISBN:
9780199949359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.003.0143
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

The physiology of the mammalian visual system is reviewed, with an emphasis on mechanisms related to the perception of depth in monkeys and humans. The structure and functions of the eye, the visual ... More


Reprogramming of striate and extrastriate visual cortices following retinal lesions

B. Dreher

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter considers the reorganization of the primary visual cortex of the cat following monocular or binocular retinal lesions. These studies reveal the importance of horizontal connections ... More


The physiology of binocular vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the eye and visual pathways, the visual cortex, and midline interactions. It then covers disparity detectors, disparity tuning functions, types of disparity ... More


Neural Mechanisms of Visual Memory: A Neurocomputational Perspective

Gustavo Deco and Edmund T. Rolls

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Studies have shown that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is involved in at least some types of working memory functions. Neurodynamics helps us understand the underlying mechanisms that implement the ... More


Development of the visual system

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the general growth of the visual system and, in particular, the pre- and post-natal growth of the binocular system. The discussions cover subcortical development; the development ... More


Invariant visual object recognition learning

Edmund T. Rolls

in Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232703
eISBN:
9780191724046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232703.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter is concerned with invariant representations of faces and objects in the inferior temporal visual cortex. It also covers computational approaches to invariant object recognition, feature ... More


Redistribution of cerebral functions following primary visual cortex damage during infancy

Stephen G. Lomber and Bertram R. Payne

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The consequences of focal injury to the cerebral cortex in the immature brain differ from the consequences caused by similar damage of the mature cerebrum. In the immature brain, some distant neurons ... More


Neurobiological Foundations of Figure–Ground Segregation in Primates

Hans Supèr

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Perception depends on proper recurrent interactions among separate visual areas. Within such a cooperative network, the primary visual cortex plays a unique part. It is the main recipient of visual ... More


Background

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the paradoxical difference between the results of visual cortex damage in humans and other primates, especially the greater apparent residual function in animals despite the ... More


Remodeling of cortical connections and enhanced long-term potentiation after lesions of the visual cortex

Ulf T. Eysel and Thomas Mittmann

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Long-term potentiation (LTP) was first described in the mammalian hippocampus and was also elicited in the visual cortex of rats. LTP is most strongly expressed during early postnatal development ... More


Neurophysiology of Action Recognition

Emily D. Grossman

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the neural correlates of human action perception, specifically the perception of bodies and body movements. It also provides a brief discussion on the likely connection of this ... More


ORGANIZATION OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the anatomy of the visual system. There are parallel pathways, starting in the retina, then going through the lateral geniculate nucleus, primary visual cortex (V1), secondary ... More


Contextual Shape Processing in Human Visual Cortex: Beginning to Fill-In the Blanks

Janine Mendola

in Filling-In: From Perceptual Completion to Cortical Reorganization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195140132
eISBN:
9780199865307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140132.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of contextual effects in the physiological responses of single neurons in cats and primates. It reviews the physiological investigations of contextual ... More


Map formation

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

All neurons in the mature nervous system are mapped onto the neurons to which they connect; and therefore, understanding how neural mappings are achieved could be considered synonymous with ... More


Neural Mechanisms of Object Recognition in Nonhuman Primates

Rufin Vogels

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews experimental work in macaque monkeys concerning the processing of visual information for object recognition. Going from the primary visual cortex, area V1, to the inferior ... More


Ferrier Lecture, 1977

David H. Hubel

in Brain and Visual Perception: The Story of a 25-year Collaboration

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176186
eISBN:
9780199847013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176186.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter presents a Ferrier Lecture entitled “Functional Architecture of Macaque Monkey Visual Cortex”. The lecture considers a view of the cortex as containing a thousand sand machines of ... More


Behavioral and neural alterations following V1 damage in immature primates

Hillary R. Rodman

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes the behavioral deficits observed following lesions of the primary visual cortex in both mature and infant macaque monkeys. Overall, the consequences of such lesions are far ... More


Neurotrophins and visual system plasticity

Carla J. Shatz

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter considers recent evidence suggesting that neurotrophins may function in the activity-dependent remodeling of connections during the development of the mammalian visual cortex. It begins ... More


Linking layers and connecting columns: The development of local circuits in visual cortex

Lawrence C. Katz

in Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195111668
eISBN:
9780199865833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111668.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

There is growing consensus that in the visual cortex, many cortical properties arise in whole or in part from the local circuits created by richly interconnected neuronal assemblies. While ... More


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