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Shining Spotlights, Zooming Lenses, Grabbing Hands, and Pecking Chickens: The Ebb and Flow of Attention During Events

Daniel T. Levin and Megan M. Saylor

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter proposes a new metaphor to guide research on visual attention: instead of a spotlight, hand, or zoom lens, attention is sometimes better likened to a pecking chicken. This metaphor may ... More


Mechanisms and models of selective attention

George R. Mangun and Steven A. Hillyard

in Electrophysiology of Mind: Event-related Brain Potentials and Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524168
eISBN:
9780191706639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524168.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews some of the main themes of research on attentional mechanisms, focusing on the contributions of electrophysiological studies to current cognitive models of attention. Topics ... More


Circuits of Visual Attention

Tirin Moore, Robert J. Schafer, and Behrad Noudoost

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Primate vision is severely constrained by the fact that fine details in a visual scene can only be resolved by the fovea, where acuity is greatest. This tiny portion of each retina, which amounts to ... More


VISUAL SELECTION, COVERT ATTENTION AND EYE MOVEMENTS

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews work on visual attention. Attention is the process by which some objects or locations are selected to receive more processing than others. Two types of attention are discussed: ... More


A Stage Theory of Attention and Action

Jeffrey D Schall and Geoffrey F Woodman

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter proposes the stage theory of attention and action, which holds that decisions to shift gaze to a particular location are almost entirely dependent upon two cognitive processes. The first ... More


Visual Masking: Time slices through conscious and unconscious vision

Bruno Breitmeyer and Haluk Ogmen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530671
eISBN:
9780191728204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Visual information can be processed at pre-conscious as well as conscious levels. Understanding the factors that determine whether or not a stimulus reaches phenomenal awareness and the fate of ... More


Principles of Visual Attention:: Linking Mind and Brain

Claus Bundesen and Thomas Habekost

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570707
eISBN:
9780191693854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570707.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The nature of attention is one of the oldest and most central problems in psychology. A huge amount of research has been produced on this subject in the last half century, especially on attention in ... More


The Developing Visual Brain

Janette Atkinson

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book is an account of human visual brain development, covering both neuroscientific theory and clinical applications. It reviews over twenty years of studies, many from the author's teams at the ... More


Attention and the Parietal Lobe

Michael E Goldberg, Angela Gee, Anna Ipata, James W Bisley, and Jacqueline Gottlieb

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The area that deals with visual space explored by the eyes is the lateral intraparietal (LIP) area, which was defined on the basis of its connections to the frontal eye fields, lateral pulvinar, and ... More


Temporal Dynamics in Visual Perception

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter starts out by contrasting the static image-processing tradition in vision research to the moving-observer tradition in ecological psychology. As visual neuroscience and computer vision ... More


Effects of Modal versus Amodal Completion Upon Visual Attention: A Function for Filling-In?

Greg Davis and Jon Driver

in Filling-In: From Perceptual Completion to Cortical Reorganization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195140132
eISBN:
9780199865307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140132.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the possible functional differences between modal and amodal completion in relation to visual attention. A review of visual-search experiments suggests that both modal and ... More


Visual Attention: Maturation and Specialization

Patricia E. Spencer, M. Virginia Swisher, and Robyn P. Waxman

in The World of Deaf Infants: A Longitudinal Study

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195147902
eISBN:
9780199893775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147902.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

Throughout infancy, “eye contact,” or gaze between infant and caregiver, plays a meaningful role in interactions and, therefore, in social and emotional development. Vision and visual attention also ... More


The Avian Visual System: Overview

Toru Shimizu and Shigeru Watanabe

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of the avian visual system. In particular, the avian system is compared to the mammalian system by focusing on primates traditionally used in vision studies. Birds ... More


Aging Eyes Facing an Emotional World: The Role of Motivated Gaze

Derek M. Isaacowitz and Nora A. Murphy

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter proposes that motivation may be one framework for considering how the perceiver and the target of perception can be connected, and that this may be a particularly useful way of ... More


Infant Pointing: Harlequin, Servant of Two Masters

Fabia Franco

in Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199245635
eISBN:
9780191715303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245635.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Infants initiate joint attentional exchanges by pointing relevant referents out to addressees. Over the second year of life, the functional meaning of the pointing gesture develops from declarative ... More


Visual Attention and the Attention-Action Interface

John M. Henderson

in Perception

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195084627
eISBN:
9780199847167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084627.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter focuses on the often neglected aspect of the perceptual experience—the impact and effect of the visual process on our attention-action interface. The chapter utilizes studies on eye ... More


Visual attention moves no faster than the eyes

Robert Ward

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

How quickly can visual attention move from one object to another? This chapter reviews the evidence from behavioural and electrophysiological studies of visual search, from single-cell recordings of ... More


Introduction

Claus Bundesen and Thomas Habekost

in Principles of Visual Attention:: Linking Mind and Brain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570707
eISBN:
9780191693854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570707.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to present and elaborate the theory of visual attention (TVA) introduced by Bundesen (1990) and the neural theory of visual ... More


Why Comparative Studies of Vision Matter

Shaun P. Vecera

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter uses two examples—perceptual grouping and visual attention—to highlight the implications of comparative research for the vision sciences. In perceptual grouping, results from nonhuman ... More


Consciousness, Attention, and Conscious Attention

Carlos Montemayor and Harry Haroutioun Haladjian

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028974
eISBN:
9780262327497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028974.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this book, Carlos Montemayor and Harry Haladjian consider the relationship between consciousness and attention. The cognitive mechanism of attention has often been compared to consciousness, since ... More


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