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Unpacking Accountability Politics 1

Jonathan Fox

in Accountability Politics: Power and Voice in Rural Mexico

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199208852
eISBN:
9780191709005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208852.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This concluding chapter explores several general conceptual propositions, in an effort to contribute to future research that will ‘map’ accountability pathways with greater precision. Empowerment is ... More


The Geometry of Desert

Shelly Kagan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199895595
eISBN:
9780199980093
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895595.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

People differ in terms of how morally deserving they are. And it is a good thing if people get what they deserve. Accordingly, it is important to work out an adequate theory of moral desert. But ... More


Shame and Moral Development: The Incontinent, the Continent, the Naturally Virtuous, and the Properly Virtuous

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle’s moral development path has six stages. At each stage the learner gains a different component of virtue at the prompting of a different catalyst, but those who lack the relevant catalyst ... More


Leibniz and China

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This epilogue discusses Leibniz's particular interest in China. Like his predecessors, Leibniz's preferred virtuous pagans were also ancient philosophers, but he was partial to those of China. ... More


Dante and Boccaccio

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers the highly paradoxical position occupied by ancient pagans, who are considered genuinely and outstandingly virtuous and yet at the same are condemned to Hell. This paradox is ... More


Langland and Chaucer

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter turns to another pair struggling with the Problem of Paganism: William Langland and Geoffrey Chaucer. For Langland, the Problem is an issue addressed directly, with the focus on the ... More


Pagan Virtue, 1400–1700

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter turns to the second aspect of the Problem of Paganism: virtue. The dominant view among scholastic theologians in the late thirteenth and fourteenth centuries was that pagans could be ... More


The Salvation of Pagans, 1400–1700

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines how sixteenth- and seventeenth-century theologians faced a new theological challenge in light of new evidence that there exists millions of virtuous pagans who had had no chance ... More


Morality without Religion

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the irreligious interpretation, there are two key claims that Hume seeks to establish in the Treatise in respect of morality. The first is that Hume defends the “autonomy of morality” in ... More


Human Rights as a Fallback Apparatus

Joseph Chan

in Confucian Perfectionism: A Political Philosophy for Modern Times

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158617
eISBN:
9781400848690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158617.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter contends that the idea of human rights is compatible with the Confucian understanding of ethics and society, but that in the ideal society people will be guided by precepts of ... More


Dialogue With a Dying Man

Ian Simpson Ross

in The Life of Adam Smith

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288213
eISBN:
9780191596827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288212.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Smith was devoted in his attentions to Hume as he lay dying, but, ever the man of prudence, gave his best friend some pain through unwillingness to see through the press the Dialogues concerning ... More


The Policy of Dhamma

Romila Thapar

in Aśoka and the Decline of the Mauryas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077244
eISBN:
9780199081073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077244.003.0022
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter investigates why Aśoka Maurya adopted the policy of Dhamma and the purpose it served. It considers the immediate background of the Mauryas, the development of Buddhism at this period, ... More


Microeconomic policymaking

Graciana del Castillo

in Rebuilding War-Torn States: The Challenge of Post-Conflict Economic Reconstruction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237739
eISBN:
9780191717239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237739.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

In designing the strategy for post-conflict economic reconstruction, policymakers will need to keep in mind that good macroeconomic management is necessary but not sufficient for the reactivation of ... More


Right Action and ‘The Virtuous Person’

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

People often describe virtue ethics as holding that an action is right if and only if it is what an agent with a virtuous character would do in the circumstances. Nonetheless, virtue ethicists in ... More


Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

David Fisher

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

There has been a recent revival of interest in the just‐war tradition. But can a medieval theory help us answer twenty‐first‐century security concerns? The book explores how just‐war thinking needs ... More


Phronesis and the Unity of the Virtues

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The thesis that the virtues form a unity — in particular, that to have any virtue is to have them all — has struck many as hopelessly ambitious: isn't it obvious that people have some virtues and ... More


The Philebus, Part 2: Pleasure Transformed, or How the Necessity of Pleasure for Happiness is Consistent with the Sufficiency of Virtue for Happiness

Daniel Russell

in Plato on Pleasure and the Good Life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282845
eISBN:
9780191602931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282846.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In Philebus, Plato makes clear his view that pleasure is actually part of the agent's own goodness, because her goodness consists in, among other things, the sorts of attitudes she has and ... More


9. Extreme Times, Extreme Measures

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

Following the 9/11 attacks, al‐Qaeda and other terrorist groups pose a threat, operating with global networks and potentially armed with weapons of mass destruction. To counter these threats, US ... More


Introduction: A New Look at an Old Tradition

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

The book addresses three challenges to just‐war thinking. First, how can a theory developed in medieval Christendom guide our thinking about war in a predominantly secular and increasingly morally ... More


3. Virtues and Consequences

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

Consequentialists gave reason the role of calculating the consequences for human welfare of our actions. But consequentialists have come under attack from deontologists and virtue ethicists. This ... More


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