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Deadly Vices

Gabriele Taylor

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198235804
eISBN:
9780191604058
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235801.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book focuses on the vices, which in Christian theology were most commonly selected as bringing death to the soul. These are sloth, envy, avarice, pride, anger, lust, and gluttony. The ... More


 Paternalism and Its Justification

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the four features of paternalism: (1) benefits the patient, (2) needs moral justification, (3) does not have patient’s consent, and (4) the patient believes he can make his own ... More


Hume's Place in History

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys several theoretical stances that Hume takes. It discusses Hume's naturalism, and addresses the role of the is—ought argument in his moral theory. That argument is that theorists ... More


Introduction: Vices and Virtue‐Theory

Gabriele Taylor

in Deadly Vices

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198235804
eISBN:
9780191604058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235801.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the vices considered in this essay, namely, sloth, envy, avarice, pride, anger, lust, and gluttony. It argues that these so-called ‘deadly sins’ ... More


From Situationism to Virtue Theory

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter turns from social psychology to philosophical psychology, arguing that the positive account of personality suggested by situationism is one that virtue theory can naturally embrace, ... More


Phronesis and the Unity of the Virtues

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The thesis that the virtues form a unity — in particular, that to have any virtue is to have them all — has struck many as hopelessly ambitious: isn't it obvious that people have some virtues and ... More


Modesty as a Feminist Sexual Virtue

Anne Barnhill

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Sexual modesty is a feminist sexual virtue—in one sense, but not another. There are at least two distinct kinds of feminist sexual virtues: first, character traits that allow individual sexual ... More


Situations and Broad‐Based Dispositions

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Philosophical psychologists have told us that “situationism” is bad news for virtue ethics and virtue theory more generally. Situationism is a research paradigm in social psychology that holds that ... More


ARISTOTLE’S VIRTUES OF GREATNESS

DANIEL C. RUSSELL

in Virtue and Happiness: Essays in Honour of Julia Annas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646043
eISBN:
9780191743368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646043.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the Aristotelian virtues of ‘magnificence’ and ‘magnanimity,’ rejecting the popular view that here Aristotle reveals a conception of the virtues as seemly qualities of members ... More


The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

David Copp (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory is a major new reference work in ethical theory, consisting of commissioned essays by leading moral philosophers. The handbook is divided into two parts, ... More


Against Objectivity

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The sensibility theory of morals is a subjectivist theory. To some, this is a sufficient reason for rejection. They insist that morality is objective. It is an objective fact that killing innocent ... More


Moral Epistemology: The Skill of Virtue

Paul Bloomfield

in Moral Reality

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137132
eISBN:
9780199833092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137132.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The epistemology of medical practice is investigated and the notion of a skill is found to be central to learning about health. This is followed by a discussion of skills, based on the Greek ... More


Situations and Dispositions: Examining the Evidence

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines a body of social-psychological experiments that appear to give evidence against dispositionist accounts of personality and in favor of the importance of situation construal for ... More


Beauty of Soul

Colin McGinn

in Ethics, Evil, and Fiction

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238775
eISBN:
9780191598005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238770.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The ‘aesthetic theory of virtue’ or ATV, is the thesis, partly inspired by Thomas Reid, that virtue coincides with beauty of soul and vice with ugliness of soul. The basic idea of ATV is that for a ... More


Religious Diversity: Familiar Problems, Novel Opportunities

Philip L. Quinn

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter surveys recent work on philosophical issues raised by religious diversity or pluralism. It focuses on four topics. The first is the epistemological challenge of religious diversity. ... More


Virtue, Vice, and Vivisection

Garret Merriam

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter argues that since it has neither the maximization component of utilitarianism, nor the deontological constraints of rights theory, virtue ethics can restrict animal experimentation to a ... More


Virtue Theory against Situationism

Ernest Sosa

in Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183268
eISBN:
9781400883059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183268.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter looks at the shocking but robust results obtained by social epistemologists in experiments that prompt a situationist attack on virtue theory. Based on a body of troubling results in ... More


Intellectual Virtue in a Comparative Context

Vrinda Dalmiya

in Caring to Know: Comparative Care Ethics, Feminist Epistemology, and the Mahābhārata

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199464760
eISBN:
9780199086948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464760.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter introduces virtue epistemology—the shift from evaluating beliefs to evaluating characteristic traits of epistemic agents. Some Mahābhārata episodes and the complexity of dharma come ... More


Happiness and Virtuous Activity

Daniel C. Russell

in Happiness for Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583683
eISBN:
9780191745713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583683.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter moves from the concept of happiness to a particular conception of it, beginning with the very idea that virtuous activity could have anything to do with happiness. Instead of beginning ... More


Business Ethics after Virtue

Joseph Heath

in Morality, Competition, and the Firm: The Market Failures Approach to Business Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199990481
eISBN:
9780190267704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199990481.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter describes the virtue theory which emphasizes the role of one's character and the virtues that one's character embodies for determining or evaluating ethical behavior. It presents an ... More


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