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Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Miranda Fricker

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Justice is one of the oldest and most central themes of philosophy, but sometimes we would do well to focus instead on injustice. In epistemology, the very idea that there is a first-order ethical ... More


The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology

Jason Baehr

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604074
eISBN:
9780191729300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604074.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is a contribution to “responsibilist” or character‐based virtue‐epistemology, which is an approach to epistemology that gives a primary role to reflection on intellectual character virtues ... More


Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Alvin I. Goldman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This is a collection of chapters by the leading proponent of process reliabilism, explaining its relation to rival and/or neighboring theories including evidentialism, other forms of reliabilism, and ... More


The Virtues in Theory and Practice

Talbot Brewer

in The Retrieval of Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Anglo‐American philosophy has recently seen two simultaneous virtue‐theoretic revivals — one in ethics and the other in epistemology. One might naturally assume that these are two manifestations of a ... More


Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Michael DePaul and Linda Zagzebski (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Virtues have always been vital to the work of ethicists, but only recently have been analyzed and employed by epistemologists. By shifting the loci of analyses from properties of beliefs to ... More


The Retrieval of Ethics

Talbot Brewer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The virtue ethics movement in recent philosophical ethics can usefully be divided into two quite separate streams of thought. Some have turned to the texts of Plato and Aristotle for new answers to ... More


Anti‐Luck Virtue Epistemology

Duncan Pritchard

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter canvasses two master intuitions about knowledge: the ability intuition and the anti-luck intuition. It argues that a robust anti-luck epistemology, which takes the anti-luck intuition as ... More


How to be a Virtue Epistemologist

Christopher Hookway

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter points out that standard versions of virtue epistemology accept and are motivated by the same central problems in epistemology — such as analyzing the concepts of knowledge and ... More


Virtue Ethics: Radical or Routine?

David Solomon

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains why virtue ethics in the latter twentieth century has taken the following two forms: (i) the first form orders evaluative concepts and then argues that the concept of a virtue ... More


Introduction

Linda Zagzebski and Michael DePaul (eds)

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is high time for both ethicists and epistemologists to directly engage with each other. By bringing together each discipline's knowledge and perspective, relative to understanding the nature of ... More


Introduction

Jason Baehr

in The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604074
eISBN:
9780191729300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604074.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter provides an introduction to intellectual virtues and virtue epistemology as well as an overview of the rest of the book. Several extended examples of intellectual virtue are given. This ... More


The Status and Future of Character‐Based Virtue Epistemology

Jason Baehr

in The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604074
eISBN:
9780191729300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604074.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter draws together several elements of the preceding chapters by considering their implications for the viability of the four main varieties of character‐based virtue epistemology outlined ... More


Epistemic Luck

Duncan Pritchard

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the key supposed ‘platitudes’ of contemporary epistemology is the claim that knowledge excludes luck. One can see the attraction of such a claim, in that knowledge is something that one can ... More


A Virtue Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a theory of knowledge as coming in two main varieties: the animal and the reflective. Animal knowledge is apt belief, which hits the mark of truth through the exercise of ... More


Knowledge and Final Value

Duncan Pritchard

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter describes two forms of virtue epistemology: modest and robust. The latter is uniquely able to make a plausible case for the thesis that knowledge is a cognitive form of achievement. ... More


Cognitive Responsibility and the Epistemic Virtues

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Luck

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I argue that the notion of reflective epistemic luck raises important questions about the centrality to epistemology of a conception of justification that demands that one is able to take cognitive ... More


Towards a Virtue Epistemological Account of Testimony

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents a diagnostic account of the state of play in the epistemology of testimony, and proposes a virtue epistemological non-inferentialist alternative. This account depends on ... More


Recovering Understanding

Linda Zagzebski

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Proposes an analysis of the concept of understanding. Finds three important, relevant strands of thought in the works of Plato and Aristotle, among which the most important one is that understanding ... More


Knowing Cognitive Selves

Christine McKinnon

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the standard epistemological requirements of impartiality on the part of the knower, and passivity on the part of the thing under investigation, exclude from the purview of ... More


Reliabilism and the Value of Knowledge

Alvin I. Goldman and Erik J. Olsson

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is widely agreed that knowledge has greater value than mere true belief. This chapter begins by identifying a weak sense of ‘know’ (in which it means ‘believe truly’) under which knowledge cannot ... More


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