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Understanding Board Structure, Composition, and Vigilance

Sydney Finkelstein, Donald C. Hambrick, and Albert A. Cannella

in Strategic Leadership: Theory and Research on Executives, Top Management Teams, and Boards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195162073
eISBN:
9780199867332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162073.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter provides an overview of the key driving forces influencing the makeup and behavior of boards of directors. Theories of resource dependence, institutionalization, and agency are all ... More


The Consequences of Board Involvement and Vigilance

Sydney Finkelstein, Donald C. Hambrick, and Albert A. Cannella

in Strategic Leadership: Theory and Research on Executives, Top Management Teams, and Boards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195162073
eISBN:
9780199867332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162073.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter picks up from the previous by synthesizing what we know about the consequences of board involvement and vigilance. The problem of appropriate measurement of board vigilance continues to ... More


Reworking Sandel's Republicanism

Philip Pettit

in Debating Democracy's Discontent: Essays on American Politics, Law, and Public Philosophy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294962
eISBN:
9780191598708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294964.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Sandel’s claims are indeterminate about the precise nature of America’s lost republican ideals, about what those ideals would require of us as citizens, and about where they would lead governmental ... More


Patriotism, Classical Republicanism, and the Volunteers, 1780-1782

Stephen Small

in Political Thought in Ireland 1776-1798: Republicanism, Patriotism, and Radicalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257799
eISBN:
9780191717833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257799.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Flushed with the success of the free trade agitation, many Irish patriots turned their attentions to legislative independence between 1780 and 1782. This chapter analyses the nature of their thought ... More


Watchwords: Romanticism and the Poetics of Attention

Lily Gurton-Wachter

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804796958
eISBN:
9780804798761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804796958.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This book argues that the concept of “attention” became particularly unhinged at the turn of the nineteenth century in Britain, oscillating widely between disciplines—from theology to pedagogy, from ... More


Rise of the Stalinist Superiority Complex

Michael David-Fox

in Showcasing the Great Experiment: Cultural Diplomacy and Western Visitors to the Soviet Union, 1921–1941

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199794577
eISBN:
9780199932245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794577.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter traces Soviet cultural diplomacy through three radically divergent periods: the mid-1930s height of the Popular Front, the Great Terror and show trials from 1936–38, and the Nazi-Soviet ... More


The Political Dimensions of Emasculation: Fantasy, Conspiracy, and Estrangement among Populist Leaders in Post-New Order Lombok, Indonesia

John M. MacDougall

in Postcolonial Disorders

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520252233
eISBN:
9780520941021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252233.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter explores the rise in political and religious vigilance in post-New Order Lombok, Indonesia, and the role that militias played in denying Soleh, a nationalist activist in Lombok, the ... More


After 1850: Reassessing the Impact of the Fugitive Slave Law

Matthew Pinsker

in Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813056036
eISBN:
9780813053806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056036.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reexamines the legal and sometimes violent contest between antislavery and proslavery forces regarding enforcement of the federal fugitive slave code in the urban North. It argues that ... More


Actual Situations in which the FET Standard has been Applied

Ioana Tudor

in The Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard in the International Law of Foreign Investment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199235063
eISBN:
9780191715785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235063.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The FET standard may not be given a fixed content since it is a standard; therefore it is through its application to individual cases that it acquires content. An alternative method, therefore, for ... More


Threatening Gender and RaceDifferent Manifestations of Stereotype Threat

Christine Logel, Jennifer Peach, and Steven J. Spencer

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

We propose that there might be important differences in people’s experience of stereotype threat depending on the group to which they belong, and on the nature of the stereotypes that apply to their ... More


Republican terror: The origins of the Vigilante movements of 1851 and 1856

PHILIP J. ETHINGTON

in The Public City: The Political Construction of Urban Life in San Francisco, 1850-1900

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230019
eISBN:
9780520927469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230019.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter re-examines the vexed questions concerning the origins of the infamous Vigilance Committees of 1851 and 1856 in San Francisco, California. It explains that these events have often been ... More


Decreased Arousal as a Result of Sleep Deprivation: The Unraveling of Cognitive Control

Glenn Gunzelmann, Kevin A. Gluck, Scott Price, Hans P. A. Van Dongen, and David F. Dinges

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses recent efforts at developing mechanisms for capturing the effects of fatigue on human performance. It describes a computational cognitive model, developed in ACT-R (adaptive ... More


The Pacific Gold Rushes and the Struggle for Order

Benjamin Mountford

in Global History of Gold Rushes

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520294547
eISBN:
9780520967588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520294547.003.0004
Subject:
History, Economic History

Concerns about crime and disorder, and how to manage those challenges, predominate in contemporary official and published accounts of all the Pacific gold rushes, as well as in many regional and ... More


Motivational Sources of Unintended Thought: Irrational Intrusions or Side Effects of Rational Strategies?

E. Tory Higgins

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The notion that motivational needs can disrupt and distort thought processes continues to be the predominant perspective on the role of motivation in unintended thought. This chapter proposes an ... More


Bidirectional theory approach to consciousness

MITSUO KAWATO

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter proposes several computational hypotheses about consciousness based on the recent studies on motor control and vision. Consciousness is classified into three different levels: vigilance, ... More


Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy and the Victorian Feminist Movement: The Biography of an Insurgent Woman

Maureen Wright

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719081095
eISBN:
9781781700037
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719081095.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy (1833–1918) was one of the most significant pioneers of the British women's emancipation movement, though her importance is little recognised. Wolstenholme Elmy referred ... More


Constitutionalism and the Judiciary in Bangladesh

Sunil Khilnani, Vikram Raghavan, and Arun K. Thiruvengadam

in Comparative Constitutionalism in South Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198081760
eISBN:
9780199082360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081760.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the role of the judiciary in Bangladesh in promoting and enforcing the principles of constitutionalism. It introduces the historical background of Bangladeshi constitutionalism ... More


. The Changing Meaning of God and Man

Matthew Kadane

in The Watchful Clothier

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300169614
eISBN:
9780300188936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169614.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses how, at the beginning of Ryder's life, most Dissenters accepted the interlocked assumptions of the Reformed tradition: that God intervenes in the cosmos with a constancy and ... More


Attention

Alain Berthoz

in Simplexity: Simplifying Principles for a Complex World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300169348
eISBN:
9780300177923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169348.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses attention as a basic tool of simplexity. It covers selective ignorance; attention and vigilance; biased competition; attention and emotion; and the development of attentional ... More


Reforming the ‘Fallen’: Voluntary Organisations, Probation and the Informal Regulation of Prostitution

Louise Settle

in Sex for Sale in Scotland: Prostitution in Edinburgh and Glasgow, 1900-1939

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474400008
eISBN:
9781474422543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474400008.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This chapter focus on the informal regulation of prostitution by examining the role of religious voluntary organisations in ‘rescuing fallen women’. Instead of punishing women who were caught ... More


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