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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Julian Dodd

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This book gives a sustained defence of the simple view of the ontological nature of works of pure, instrumental music. The simple view is the conjunction of two theses: the type/token theory and ... More


Narratives and Narrators: A Philosophy of Stories

Gregory Currie

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199282609
eISBN:
9780191712432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282609.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

Narratives are artefacts of a special kind: they are devices which function to tell stories, and do so by conveying the storytelling intentions of their makers. But, narrative itself is too inclusive ... More


The Situated Self

J. T. Ismael

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195174366
eISBN:
9780199872121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174366.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Physics reveals a world composed of events arranged in a fixed configuration, like locations on a map. But where are we ourselves, the creatures who construct the map, to be found in the world it ... More


Niche News: The Politics of News Choice

Natalie Jomini Stroud

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199755509
eISBN:
9780199897162
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755509.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Fox News, MSNBC, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Rush Limbaugh Show, National Public Radio—a list of available political media sources could continue without any apparent end. This ... More


The Simple View

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter begins with an examination of the simple view that equality of opportunity requires open competition for advantaged social positions. It is argued that this idea is not really so simple. ... More


Rawlsian Fair Equality of Opportunity

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines Rawls' account of fair equality of opportunity. Rawls argues that fair equality of opportunity requires not only ‘careers to be open to talents’, but also that those with the ... More


Equality, Priority, and Sufficiency

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter argues that particular versions of the mitigation approach may also incorporate ‘quasi-egalitarian principles’ — principles which hold that certain kinds or degrees of inequality are ... More


The Intelligent Movement Machine: An Ethological Perspective on the Primate Motor System

Michael Graziano

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326703
eISBN:
9780199864867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326703.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book offers a fundamental new theory of motor cortex organization: the rendering of the movement repertoire onto the cortex. The action repertoire of an animal is highly dimensional, whereas the ... More


The Human Condition

John Kekes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588886
eISBN:
9780191595448
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588886.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a response to the growing disenchantment in the Western world with contemporary life. It provides rationally justified answers to questions about the meaning of life, the basis of ... More


Introduction

John Kekes

in The Human Condition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588886
eISBN:
9780191595448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588886.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The aim of the book is to present and defend a secular view of the human condition. This view is pluralist, not absolutist; rationalist, not relativist; fallibilist, not skeptical or dogmatic; ... More


A Positive Representational–Pragmatic View

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses what is going on in apparent cases of sub-sentential speech acts. It begins with a relatively broad-strokes account of how agents can communicate using ordinary words and ... More


Introduction

Michael P. Lynch

in Truth as One and Many

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199218738
eISBN:
9780191711794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218738.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter provides two important motivations for the view of truth presented in the book. First, an account of truth that makes sense of both the diversity of our thought and its ... More


Differing Points of View

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Advaita believes in three differing points of view called the illusory (prātibhāsika), the empirical (vyāvahārika) and the ultimate (pāramārthika) which successively contradict and sublate the ... More


The Absolute Point of View

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The idea of the primacy of the Absolute’s point of view is a fundamental requirement in Advaita. Using this point of view as the criterion, Advaita declares the empirical world to be not real. But ... More


Hybrid Moral Theories

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter applies Samuel Scheffler’s ‘Hybrid View’ to the morality of reproduction. It concludes that the Hybrid View does not provide a satisfactory account of our obligations to future ... More


Conclusion

Robert Audi

in Moral Value and Human Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195312942
eISBN:
9780199851188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312942.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Four kinds of ethical view have appeared and reappeared in this book. The first is virtue ethics, which counsels people to concentrate on realizing the good throughout our lives. The second and third ... More


Pleasure and Desire: The Case of Hedonism Reviewed

J. C. B. Gosling

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243397
eISBN:
9780191680670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243397.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book discusses and attempts to clarify the central terms that form the backbone of any hedonist position, with the purpose of seeing why such views are so persistently attractive. It avoids the ... More


The Physics of Duns Scotus: The Scientific Context of a Theological Vision

Richard Cross

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269748
eISBN:
9780191683787
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269748.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Duns Scotus, along with Thomas Aquinas and William of Ockham, was one of the three most talented and influential of the medieval schoolmen, and a highly original and ... More


Codification, Abstraction, and Firm Differences: A Cognitive Information‐based Perspective

Max H. Boisot, Ian C. MacMillan, and Kyeong Seok Han

in Explorations in Information Space: Knowledge, Actors, and Firms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199250875
eISBN:
9780191719509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250875.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The resource-based view shares with population ecology, organizational systematics, organizational cladistics, and institutional theory a concern with why firms differ and with what keeps them ... More


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