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Introduction

Michelle L. Meloy and Susan L. Miller

in The Victimization of Women: Law, Policies, and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765102
eISBN:
9780199944187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765102.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In recent years much academic literature exists to educate people about crime victims' experiences and the obstacles that limit their choices and abilities to prevent or handle their victimization. ... More


Drawing the Contours of Victim Dilemmas

Michelle L. Meloy and Susan L. Miller

in The Victimization of Women: Law, Policies, and Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765102
eISBN:
9780199944187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765102.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Victims were the forgotten piece of the criminal act, largely ignored by the police and prosecutors unless they were viewed as valuable tools in the apprehension or prosecution of offenders. This ... More


Identity, Belief, and Bias

Geoffrey L. Cohen

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents research on the social psychology of identity and belief. Beliefs tied to long-held identities resist change and bias the processing of new information. Theoe phenomena help ... More


Stigma of HIV and AIDS—Psychiatric Aspects

Sami Khalife and Jocelyn Soffer

in Handbook of AIDS Psychiatry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195372571
eISBN:
9780197562666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195372571.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

Since 1981, when previously healthy young adults were first stricken with a mysterious illness that was eventually described as “a new acquired cellular ... More


Principles of oral health promotion

Blánaid Daly, Paul Batchelor, Elizabeth Treasure, and Richard Watt

in Essential Dental Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199679379
eISBN:
9780191918353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199679379.003.0014
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

Dental diseases affect a large number of people, cause much discomfort and pain, and are costly to treat. Their impact is therefore considerable, to both ... More


Determinants of health

Blánaid Daly, Paul Batchelor, Elizabeth Treasure, and Richard Watt

in Essential Dental Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199679379
eISBN:
9780191918353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199679379.003.0006
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

For health services to deliver effective prevention and treatment, a detailed understanding of the factors influencing health is critical. These factors ... More


Freedom’s Prospect

David Harvey

in A Brief History of Neoliberalism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199283262
eISBN:
9780191917660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199283262.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Social and Political Geography

In his annual message to Congress in 1935, President Roosevelt made clear his view that excessive market freedoms lay at the root of the economic and social problems ... More


Murder with Mendacity

Karl Kraus

in The Third Walpurgis Night: The Complete Text

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780300236002
eISBN:
9780300252804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300236002.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter criticises the public's habit of ignoring or outright deceiving themselves with regard to the Nazi persecution of the Jews. Here, using certain set phrases as a form of exorcism ... More


Explanations of causes

Emma Williamson

in Domestic violence and health: The response of the medical profession

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342157
eISBN:
9781447302148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342157.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter examines how healthcare professionals perceive patients who present with domestic-violence-related injuries. While some of these perceptions come from clinical experience, they ... More


Just Get Off the Internet

Sarah Sobieraj

in Credible Threat: Attacks Against Women Online and the Future of Democracy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190089283
eISBN:
9780190089320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190089283.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Digital attacks against women are rarely taken seriously. The US legal system and the major social media platforms (where the majority of the abuse transpires) each fail women as their attacker and ... More


Denying victim status to online fraud victims: the challenges of being a ‘non-ideal victim’

Cassandra Cross

in Revisiting the “Ideal Victim”: Developments in Critical Victimology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447338765
eISBN:
9781447339182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447338765.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Online fraud victimisation affects millions of individuals globally. Despite its prevalence, it remains a contested area, whereby there is a strong victim blaming attitude towards those who are ... More


Sexual violence on US college campuses: history and challenges

Renate Klein

in Gender Based Violence in University Communities: Policy, Prevention and Educational Initiatives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447336570
eISBN:
9781447336624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336570.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter discusses the history of sexual violence in US universities to see where things have changed and where they have not. It first explains the relevant terms, such as ‘higher education ... More


The Hawaiians: Health, Justice, and Sovereignty

David Stannard

in Asian Settler Colonialism: From Local Governance to the Habits of Everyday Life in Hawaii

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824830151
eISBN:
9780824869243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824830151.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter outlines the historical impact of colonization and the resulting complex of interlocking oppressions. To add to the discussion, the chapter introduces the concept of “victim blaming” to ... More


Making Work Play: Rethinking Competitive Pleasure through Self-Defense Training

Janet O'Shea

in Risk, Failure, Play: What Dance Reveals about Martial Arts Training

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190871536
eISBN:
9780190871574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190871536.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Dance

This chapter examines instances where work can be turned back into play. It begins by examining self-defense as a form of work: an action that is focused on outcome, in which the only rules are ... More


A Critical Race Reading of Collective Victimhood: The Precarious Case of Black Americans

Michael J. Perez and Phia S. Salter

in The Social Psychology of Collective Victimhood

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190875190
eISBN:
9780190875220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190875190.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the cultural psychological processes that contribute to the delegitimization of Black victimhood in the United States. Drawing on a critical race psychology perspective that ... More


Conclusions: Entextualization and a Legal Accounting for Domestic Violence

Jennifer Andrus

in Entextualizing Domestic Violence: Language Ideology and Violence Against Women in the Anglo-American Hearsay Principle

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780190225834
eISBN:
9780190225858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190225834.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The conclusion primarily discusses the victim-blaming inherent in language ideology and sociolegal discussions about domestic violence. An alternative to the policing mode that focuses on punishing ... More


The Ethics and Politics of Putting Victims’ Stories to Work

Diana Tietjens Meyers

in Victims' Stories and the Advancement of Human Rights

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199930388
eISBN:
9780190490102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930388.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Individual consumers, professional users, and civil society actors face ethical issues in balancing respect for victims who tell their stories with using victims’ stories to promote human rights. ... More


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