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Vestibulo-Ocular Reflexes

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

To maintain a clear and stable view of the environment, we use reflexes to rotate our eyes in a direction that is opposite to any head motion that occurs. The reflexes are driven by both vestibular ... More


Learning and Compensation in the Vestibular System

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Neuronal systems must learn how to adapt to changes in their intrinsic structure or in the environment. The vestibular system is no exception. Several features have made it an attractive system in ... More


Otolith contribution to gaze stabilization

Bernhard Hess and Dora Angelaki

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Some of the functional properties of different otolith-ocular reflexes are discussed in this chapter, such as the linear vestibulo-ocular reflexes, which are activated by linear acceleration. The ... More


Clinical Manifestations of Peripheral Vestibular Dysfunction

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter reviews the prevalence of vestibular disorders and their impact on daily living. It discusses the physiological principles that underlie manifestations of vestibular disorders. It ... More


How does the cerebellum work? Model systems: Compensating for self-movement (vestibulo-ocular reflex), predictive motor learning (eye blink reflex), voluntary goal-directed behaviour (saccades), and action and reaction

John Montgomery and David Bodznick

in Evolution of the Cerebellar Sense of Self

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198758860
eISBN:
9780191834752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758860.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Model systems have been critical to developing our understanding of cerebellar function. The vestibulo-ocular reflex stabilizes the eyes during head movement and depends on the cerebellum to maintain ... More


Properties of Vestibulo-ocular and/or Vestibulocollic Neurons in the Cat

Yoshio Uchino and Naoki Isu

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0042
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The vestibulo-ocular reflexes help to stabilize the visual image on the retina, and the vestibulocollic (vestibular neck) reflexes play a role in restoring the head position in space during head ... More


Mechanism for Voluntary Cancellation of the Vestibulo-ocular Reflex in Squirrel Monkeys That Is Not Related to Smooth Pursuit

Robert A. Mccrea and Kathleen E. Cullen

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0085
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is reduced or cancelled by a smooth pursuit eye movement programmed to match the velocity of the moving target whenever there is an attempt made to follow a moving ... More


Eye Movement–Related Activity in the Vestibulo-ocular and Vestibulocollic Pathways in the Cat

Yoshiki Iwamoto, Toshihiro Kitama, and Kaoru Yoshida

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0043
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In recent years, the vestibular system has been implicated not only in the reflex movements produced by labyrinthine inputs but also in the control of active motor behaviors, especially eye and head ... More


Sensorimotor Integration

Patricia S. Churchland and Terrence J. Sejnowski

in The Computational Brain

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262533393
eISBN:
9780262339650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262533393.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the mechanisms underlying sensorimotor integration by discussing three cases where anatomical and physiological studies of circuits are co-evolving with computer models of the ... More


Active Head Movement Analysis of Vestibulo-ocular Reflex Dynamics

Dennis P. OʼLeary and Linda L. Davis

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0062
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The primary role of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is to stabilize the eyes for clear vision throughout angular eye movements. Another alternative approach to VOR testing at higher frequencies is ... More


Locomotion on foot

Michael F. Land and Benjamin W. Tatler

in Looking and Acting: Vision and eye movements in natural behaviour

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570943
eISBN:
9780191693878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570943.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter covers locomotion on foot, and questions such as how far ahead humans look when placing their feet on uncertain terrain, and what sources of information are used to guide locomotion. It ... More


Vestibular and Optokinetic Asymmetries in the Ocular and Cervical Reflexes

Vito E. Pettorossi, Pierangelo Errico, Aldo Ferraresi, Francesco Draicchio, Rosa Maria Santarelli, and Rosa Bruni

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0031
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Asymmetries of the vertical optokinetic reflex (VOKR) and the vertical vestibulo-ocular reflex (VVOR) have been observed in many species. Gains of upward OKR slow phases were higher than those of ... More


Gaze Movements: Patterns Linking Latency and Vestibulo-ocular Reflex Gain

Wolfgang H. Zangemeister and Lawrence Stark

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0072
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Gaze is defined as the coordinated sum of eye and head movements and gaze position is the position of the eye in space, while eye position is the position of the eye in the orbit. In this chapter, ... More


Cervico-ocular Reflexes with and without Simultaneous Vestibular Stimulation in Rabbits

Neal H. Barmack, Pierangelo Errico, Aldo Ferraresi, and Vito E. Pettorossi

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0030
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The horizontal cervico-ocular reflex (HCOR) comprises compensatory eye movements that are evoked by rotation of the body about the fixed head. This head goes together with the horizontal ... More


Visual and Vestibular Contributions to Head-Eye Coordination during Head-Free Pursuit

Graham R. Barnes and Jane F. Lawson

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0069
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter presents the results of the experiments that indicate that there is little evidence to support the existence of a central cancellation mechanism of the VOR in normal human subjects, as ... More


Saccade–VOR interaction in orienting gaze

Ignace Bottemanne, Philippe LefÈvre, Marc Crommelinck, and André Roucoux

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0095
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In this chapter a series of experiments are described where large-amplitude gaze shifts were recorded in the head-free condition, and eye saccades in the head-fixed condition. The amplitude of ... More


Mathematical Modeling of Visual and Nonvisual Mechanisms of Head-Eye Coordination

Graham R. Barnes

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0070
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The gain of eye velocity during head-fixed pursuit is significantly modified by the frequency composition of a mixed-frequency, pseudorandom stimulus. The model of the visual and nonvisual control of ... More


Modeling Head-Free Gaze Control in the Cat

Henrietta L. Galiana, Daniel Guitton, and and Douglas P. Munoz

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0082
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Two primary issues are being studied in relation to the control of coordinated eye and head movements. The first one is the possible interaction of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) during the ... More


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