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The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean Buttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This book presents an integrative look at the sense that Aristotle missed. The vestibular system plays a vital role in everyday life, contributing to a surprising range of functions from reflexes to ... More


Cortical Representations of Vestibular Information

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Vestibular information is indispensable for many cognitive functions required for behavior in three-dimensional space, such as perception of self-movement, spatial perception and memory, visual ... More


The Vestibulospinal System and Postural Control

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

One of the more important functions of the vestibular system is its participation, along with vision and the somatosensory system, in postural control. While all parts of the nervous system, ... More


The Cerebellum and the Vestibular System

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The cerebellum is critical for proper timing and patterning during voluntary movements. In conjunction with the vestibular system, it also modulates the motor pathways that control balance and gaze. ... More


Reference Frames for the Coding of Vestibular Signals

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

A reference frame can be defined as the particular perspective from which an observation of a spatial variable (e.g., position, velocity) is made. All sensorimotor systems that require the encoding ... More


The Vestibular System in Everyday Life

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter begins with an overview of the vestibular system. It then discusses visual acuity and the vestibulo-ocular reflex, the air-righting reflex in the cat, post-rotational reactions, ... More


The Efferent Vestibular System

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The vestibular labyrinth in all vertebrate classes receives an efferent innervation, arising from cells in the brain stem. 2 reviewed the peripheral innervation patterns and central pathways of the ... More


Eye and Head Movements as Specialized Functions of Vestibular Circuits

Kurt-peter Schaefer and Dietrich Lothar Meyer

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0037
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The aim of this chapter is to focus on the huge extent to which eye-head movements mirror specialized functions of the vestibular system, or circuits derived from this system. Accordingly, the ... More


A question of balance

Helen E. Ross and Cornelis Plug

in The Mystery of The Moon Illusion: Exploring Size Perception

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198508625
eISBN:
9780191584893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508625.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The idea that there might be some sensorimotor interaction in the moon illusion is relatively new, and probably goes back to George Berkeley who argued that both size and distance perception are ... More


Application of the coherence scheme to the multisensory fusion problem

Jacques Droulez and Valérie Cornilleau-pélèl

in Multisensory Control of Movement

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547853
eISBN:
9780191724268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547853.003.0234
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter is an attempt to provide a common conceptual and computational framework for neurophysiologists and roboticians who are faced, in spite of their different motivation, with the similar ... More


Physiologic Properties and Central Actions of Neck Muscle Spindles

Victor J. Wilson

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Activation of proprioceptors in the neck suggests reflexes that are abundant in the decerebrate cat and presumably contribute to the posture of the alert, behaving animal. Because they appear to ... More


Electrophysiology and Pharmacology of Two Types of Neurons in the Medial Vestibular Nucleus and Nucleus Gigantocellularis of the Guinea Pig In Vitro

Mauro Serafin, Asaid Khateb, Catherine De Waele, Pierre Paul Vidal, and Michel Mühlethaler

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0038
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The importance of intrinsic membrane properties in shaping the firing pattern of neurons in the mammalian central nervous system is well recognized. Despite a significant literature in vivo, neither ... More


The Physics and Physiology of Balance

Justin S. Sipla and Fred Spoor

in Sensory Evolution on the Threshold: Adaptations in Secondarily Aquatic Vertebrates

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252783
eISBN:
9780520934122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252783.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The vestibular system, identified as the sensory organ of balance, is located in the inner ear of all vertebrates and plays an important role in the organism's body movements or locomotion. This ... More


The Neurobiology and Development of Rhythm

Justin London

in Hearing in Time: Psychological Aspects of Musical Meter

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744374
eISBN:
9780199949632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744374.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Research in neurobiology and rhythmic development is surveyed in this chapter. The temporal constraints on rhythm perception and sensorimotor entrainment surveyed in the previous chapter seem to ... More


Examination of the Descending Projections of the Vestibular Nuclei Using Anterograde Transport of Phaseolus vulgaris Leukoagglutinin

Anne Y. H. Donevan, Monica Neuber-Hess, and P. Kenneth Rose

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0039
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The vestibular system is known to play a significant role in the control of head movement. Electrophysiologic studies have proven that neck motoneurons receive monosynaptic connection from the ... More


Electronystagmography

Martin S. Gizzi and Jay A. Liveson

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Electronystagmography (ENG) is the study of the vestibular function of the eighth cranial nerves, along with their central connections. It depends, however, on intact oculomotor functions of the ... More


Eye Movement–Related Activity in the Vestibulo-ocular and Vestibulocollic Pathways in the Cat

Yoshiki Iwamoto, Toshihiro Kitama, and Kaoru Yoshida

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0043
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

In recent years, the vestibular system has been implicated not only in the reflex movements produced by labyrinthine inputs but also in the control of active motor behaviors, especially eye and head ... More


Are Dreams Disembodied Experiences? The Role of the Body and of the Brain in Shaping Bodily Experience in Dreams

Jennifer M. Windt

in Dreaming: A Conceptual Framework for Philosophy of Mind and Empirical Research

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262028677
eISBN:
9780262327466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028677.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 8 investigates the relationship between phenomenal embodiment in dreams and the sleeping physical body. It casts doubt on the currently popular view that dreams are functionally disembodied ... More


Cervicovestibular Interactions in Coriolis-Like Effects

Willem Bles and Jelte E. Bos

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0032
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Human cervical mechanisms are very deeply connected to the vestibular system, and the contribution of the neck reflexes in postural control is mostly hidden. Consequently, neck reflexes are a subject ... More


Physiology of squid olfaction

Mary T. Lucero

in Cephalopod Neurobiology: Neuroscience Studies in Squid, Octopus and Cuttlefish

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547907
eISBN:
9780191724299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547907.003.0355
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

This chapter focuses on the characterization of the squid olfactory system in terms of morphology, behaviour, and electrophysiology. There have been many discussions regarding usage of the specific ... More


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