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A Universal Culture of Human Rights and Freedom's Habits: Caritapolis

Michael Novak

in Making Globalization Good: The Moral Challenges of Global Capitalism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257010
eISBN:
9780191596223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257019.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Michael Novak addresses some broad issues relating to culture, basic human values, and globalization, and how these affect both individuals and institutions as societies are transforming themselves ... More


Ian McEwan

Dominic Head

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719066566
eISBN:
9781781701027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719066566.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

In this survey, Ian McEwan emerges as one of those rare writers whose works have received both popular and critical acclaim. His novels grace the bestseller lists, and he is well regarded by critics, ... More


Local Policy Making, Globalized Coalitions, and Resource Allocation

Ling Chen and Ling Chen

in Manipulating Globalization: The Influence of Bureaucrats on Business in China

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781503604797
eISBN:
9781503605695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503604797.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter delves into the coalitional politics of policy making and resource allocation by investigating strategies of city government officials. The chapter examines the patterns of bureaucratic ... More


Good Conduct and Integrity in Epidemiologic Research

Colin L. Soskolne, Peter H. Abbrecht, Nancy M. Davidian, and Alan R. Price

in Ethics and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195322934
eISBN:
9780199864416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322934.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses the scope of scientific misconduct, including integrity in science. It examines how vested interests can undermine the course of science. It presents some recent analytical ... More


Interviewer Objectivity and Allegations of Sexual Abuse

Kathleen Coulborn Faller

in Interviewing Children about Sexual Abuse: Controversies and Best Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195311778
eISBN:
9780199865055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311778.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Current policy is to advise professionals interviewing for sexual abuse that they should take a neutral stance, that is, with no vested interest in findings or not findings evidence of sexual abuse. ... More


Powerful Interests

Stefan Petrow

in Policing Morals: The Metropolitan Police and the Home Office 1870–1914

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201656
eISBN:
9780191674976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201656.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In the early 19th century, the once upper-class vice of betting trickled down to the lower class even to the lowest level in the social strata. Betting became popular amongst the working classes in ... More


Structural Conditioning and Personal Reflexivity: Sources of Market Complicity, Critique, and Change

Margaret S. Archer

in Distant Markets, Distant Harms: Economic Complicity and Christian Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199370993
eISBN:
9780199374212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199370993.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Religious Studies

This chapter employs Chapter 1’s definition of social structures and argues that while only persons are agents, social structures have independent causal impact on an agent through their capacity to ... More


Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Philippe Grandjean

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One of every six children suffers from some form of neurodevelopmental abnormality, mostly of unknown causes. Environmental pollution is known or suspected of causing damage to brain development, but ... More


The Ambiguities of Production

Mike Berry

in The Affluent Society Revisited

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686506
eISBN:
9780191766374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686506.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Galbraith located the paradoxically persisting concern for ‘the paramount position of production’ in societies enjoying increasing affluence in the role economic growth plays in resolving the age-old ... More


The Power of Ideas: Reflections on the Conventional Wisdom

Mike Berry

in The Affluent Society Revisited

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686506
eISBN:
9780191766374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686506.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter looks at Galbraith’s famous discussion of ‘the conventional wisdom’, a phrase that has entered the realm of policy discourse and the general language. An argument is made that the notion ... More


Politics, Schools, and the Poor: A Local View

Manisha Priyam

in Contested Politics of Educational Reform in India: Aligning Opportunities with Interests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198098874
eISBN:
9780199085217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198098874.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter analyses macro-level reforms as they are implemented at local sites—where policy beneficiaries live. Policy implementation is viewed in its ordinary sense, alongside everyday lives of ... More


Competition and Development: What Competition Law Regime?

Abel Mateus

in Competition Law and Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785716
eISBN:
9780804787925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785716.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

Competition is essential for development and is the mechanism that makes markets work efficiently. However, competition policy in general and competition law enforcement in particular, should be ... More


Origins of China’s Growth Model

Yukon Huang

in Cracking the China Conundrum: Why Conventional Economic Wisdom is Often Wrong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190630034
eISBN:
9780190630065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630034.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Deng Xiaoping’s most celebrated achievement was to reshape economic incentives and concentrate development along China’s coast. In doing so, he set the stage for what is referred to as China’s ... More


Rivers, policies, and interests

S. Nazrul Islam

in Rivers and Sustainable Development: Alternative Approaches and Their Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190079024
eISBN:
9780190079055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190079024.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Chapter 13 examines the determinants of river-related policies and considers ways of making further progress toward the Ecological and Open approaches to rivers. It shows that there are broadly two ... More


Introduction Brain Matters: Only one Chance to Develop a Brain

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One of every six children suffers from some form of neurodevelopmental abnormality, mostly of unknown causes. Environmental pollution is known or is suspected of causing damage to brain development, ... More


Epilogue

Theodora Dragostinova

in Between Two Motherlands: Nationality and Emigration among the Greeks of Bulgaria, 1900-1949

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449451
eISBN:
9780801460685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449451.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This concluding chapter demonstrates how the developments in the 1940s—which were marked by the new confrontation of Bulgaria and Greece in World War II, and the ideological rift brought on by the ... More


The Culture of Control Expands

Miriam Boeri

in Hurt: Chronicles of the Drug War Generation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293465
eISBN:
9780520966710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293465.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The primary agents of social control as the War on Drugs escalated were police, courts, jails, prisons, and drug treatment programs. This chapter discusses the social, historical, and economic forces ... More


Six US Legacy Sectors: Energy, the Grid, Buildings, Air and Auto Transport, and Manufacturing

William B. Bonvillian and Charles Weiss

in Technological Innovation in Legacy Sectors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199374519
eISBN:
9780199374540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374519.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

In US industrial sectors any paradigm-inconsistent innovation faces a nonlevel playing field. Fossil fuels deliver cost-effective, reliable energy. As a result, change drivers are environmental and ... More


The Traders in the London Labour Market

John Wareing

in Indentured Migration and the Servant Trade from London to America, 1618–1718: 'There is Great Want of Servants'

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198788904
eISBN:
9780191830938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788904.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Servant migration was transformed into a trade in people in London, run for profit after 1643 by merchants, procurers, and the masters of ships. It was loosely structured and included both open and ... More


What’s Blocking Innovation in Legacy Sectors?

William B. Bonvillian and Charles Weiss

in Technological Innovation in Legacy Sectors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199374519
eISBN:
9780199374540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374519.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Legacy sector paradigms share common features: perverse subsidies, prices, and price structures that neglect externalities; institutions that favor existing technology and discourage new entrants; ... More


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