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The Seas of Language

Michael Dummett

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The book contains articles in metaphysics and philosophy of language written between 1975 and 1992. Dummett defends the verificationist theory of meaning, according to which in order to know the ... More


In Defence of Scientism

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a radically naturalistic metaphysics, which is motivated exclusively by attempts to unify hypotheses and theories that are taken seriously by contemporary science. For reasons to ... More


Conclusion—Philosophy Enough

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This conclusion criticizes Daniel Dennett for dividing reality into first-class illata and second-class abstracta, and argues that fundamental physics directly studies extra-representational real ... More


The Spectre of “Two Dogmas”

Gillian Russell

in Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter responds to the two main arguments of Quine's paper ‘Two Dogmas of Empiricism’. It argues that Chapter 2's rejection of the language myth makes it easier to understand what is good or ... More


Epistemology, Semantics, Ontology, and David Hume

Galen Strawson

in Real Materialism: and Other Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199267422
eISBN:
9780191708343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267422.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Hume is not a ‘Humean’ about causation. His key thesis is epistemological; he claims that all we can know of causation is regular succession. His claim is not ontological; he does not hold that ... More


The Philosophical Basis of What? The Anti-Realist Route to Dialetheism

Jon Cogburn

in The Law of Non-Contradiction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199265176
eISBN:
9780191713989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265176.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Dummettian anti-realists have traditionally argued that verificationism entails giving up the law of excluded middle for discourses such as mathematics, which contain warrants that cannot be ... More


Transcendental Arguments I

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by considering the aforementioned Stroudian critique of transcendental arguments. Some doubts are raised about whether Stroud has succeeded in giving a fully general argument ... More


Stroud's “Transcendental Arguments” Reconsidered

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is a reconsideration of the original Stroudian critique of transcendental arguments. The doubts about its success expressed in Chapter 1 are amplified and refined.


Intentionality

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Hume's chief weapon against causal realism is the argument from nonsense: for a view even to be a candidate for being right, it must first be intelligible to us. This chapter argues that, while Hume ... More


Religious Language

William P. Alston

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

First there is some preliminary clearing of the deck. I argue against Verificationism (what seem like statements about God do have truth-values), and against Wittgensteinians (that religious ... More


Actions That Make Us Know

Johan van Benthem

in New Essays on the Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199285495
eISBN:
9780191713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285495.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter looks at the Paradox of the Knower in a dynamic-epistemic perspective where learning means changing the current epistemic model. The problematic Moore sentence driving the paradox turns ... More


Logical Types in Some Arguments about Knowability and Belief

Bernard Linsky

in New Essays on the Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199285495
eISBN:
9780191713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285495.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Over the years a number of arguments have been formulated in elementary modal logic purporting to show that there are limits to what can be known or believed. These include the ‘Fitch’ style ... More


Prospects for a Psychology of Concept Acquisition

Fiona Cowie

in What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Fodor gained a certain amount of embarrassment in 1981 after realizing that the intentional integrity of the link between the concept and the cause may be questioned. While the older Fodor, the one ... More


The Conditional Analysis

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter takes a close look at the conditional analysis dispositions, examining whether disposition ascriptions can be analyzed wholly in terms of conditionals, as empiricists have claimed. The ... More


The Place of Willard Van Orman Quine in Analytic Philosophy

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter discusses the achievements of W. V. O. Quine and his place in analytic philosophy. It begins with Carnap’s logical empiricism, which set the context for Quine’s first major article in ... More


David Lewis’s Place in Analytic Philosophy

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to one of the most fascinating figures of the twentieth century, David Lewis. The key to understanding this author of so many works in so many areas of philosophy is to see ... More


Conditions for Coherence—I

Richard Swinburne

in The Coherence of Theism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240709
eISBN:
9780191598586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240708.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

A proposition or coherent statement is one such that it makes sense to suppose that it and any statement entailed by it are true. Analytic statements are distinguished from synthetic (or factual) ... More


Naturalism, Positivism, and Pluralism

Stephen P. Stich

in Deconstructing the Mind

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126662
eISBN:
9780199868322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126661.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

There is a parallel between a project pursued by the logical positivists and the contemporary effort to determine whether intentional properties can be naturalized. According to the verificationist ... More


Representative Theories of Perception

J. L. Mackie

in Problems from Locke

Published in print:
1976
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198750369
eISBN:
9780191597947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198750366.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Mackie outlines Locke's representationalist theory. He analyses the relation between representationalism and the picture theory of ideas. The theory's relation to the veil of perception doctrine is ... More


Introduction

Timothy McCarthy

in Radical Interpretation and Indeterminacy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145069
eISBN:
9780199833436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145062.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Serves three main purposes: first, it lays out and attempts to justify the methodological point of view of the investigation. Secondly, it situates the theory put forward in the context of the recent ... More


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