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Humanitarian Intervention in the Balkans

Nicholas Morris*

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assesses the success of the two humanitarian interventions in the Balkans – Bosnia in 1995 and Kosovo in 1999 – from the perspective of humanitarian organizations. It argues how, ironically, the ... More


Internal Armed Conflict: February 1998–March 1999

The Independent International Commission on Kosovo

in The Kosovo Report: Conflict, International Response, Lessons Learned

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243099
eISBN:
9780191599538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243093.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Describes the fatal spiral of hardening Serb intransigence and growing Kosovar Albanian armament that followed the abolishment of Kosovo's autonomy in 1990 and led to escalation of the conflict. The ... More


ABMS Verification and Validation

Michael J. North and Charles M. Macal

in Managing Business Complexity: Discovering Strategic Solutions with Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172119
eISBN:
9780199789894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172119.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter discusses verification and validation for agent-based modeling and simulation. Related topics such as certification and accreditation are also considered.


Proliferation

Michael Quinlan

in Thinking About Nuclear Weapons: Principles, Problems, Prospects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199563944
eISBN:
9780191721274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563944.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers why the spread of nuclear weapons to new possessors has been generally recognized as dangerous, and then notes the array of instruments, centred upon the 1968 Nuclear ... More


The Development of Identity Theory

Peter J. Burke and Jan E. Stets

in Identity Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388275
eISBN:
9780199943937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388275.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter summarizes identity theory in its more general formulation as it is viewed in the work of several modern researchers. It begins by identifying the symbolic interaction roots of identity ... More


Identities and Their Operation

Peter J. Burke and Jan E. Stets

in Identity Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388275
eISBN:
9780199943937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388275.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

This chapter examines the identity control model and the identity-verification process. It pinpoints the component parts of identities and studies the present understandings on the way identities ... More


Logic and Science

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter begins with Avicenna’s metatheory of logic, which underlies his philosophy of science and theory of knowledge (˓ilm). It then considers Avicenna’s scientific realism and the relation he ... More


Further on the Criteria of Truth and Error

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Originally written as an appendix to ‘Criteria of Truth and Error’ (Ch. 17), this piece provides Sidgwick's positive argument regarding the problem of truth and falsehood. Turning away from ... More


Compliance and the Strategy of Reciprocity

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The theory developed in Chapter eight assumes that treaty participants always comply with their obligations. In this chapter, compliance is enforced endogenously. The main conclusion is that a ... More


Testing

Qin Duo

in The Formation of Econometrics: A Historical Perspective

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292876
eISBN:
9780191596803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292872.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought, Econometrics

Addresses the issue of testing, and reveals some intrinsic problems pertaining to hypothesis testing beneath the achievements of formalizing econometrics. Theory verification through applied studies ... More


The Structure and Regulation of Financial Markets

Peter D. Spencer

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198776093
eISBN:
9780191695384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198776093.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students in economics, banking, and finance, this is a core textbook for the financial markets, institutions, and regulation option of courses in ... More


You Better Change Your Expectations Because I Will Not Change (Much) to Fit Your Expectations: Self-Verification as a Limit to Self-Fulfilling Prophecies

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Self-verification constitutes one reason self-fulfilling prophecies are generally not very powerful. Self-verification refers to the idea that people are often highly motivated to see themselves in a ... More


The Stages of the Method (ii): Deduction and Induction

Francis E. Reilly S. J.

in Charles Peirce's Theory of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823208807
eISBN:
9780823284726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823208807.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter discusses Peirce's process of framing and testing conjectured explanations of phenomena. Here, science progresses by means of the brilliant imaginative leaps of abduction coupled with ... More


Theology and Meaning

Bede Rundle

in Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The status of theological claims is examined, initially in conjunction with the logical positivist's challenge to theism. This challenge is found to be only partially successful, but severe problems ... More


Antirealism

Alexis G. Burgess and John P. Burgess

in Truth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144016
eISBN:
9781400838691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144016.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines antirealism as well as the relations among truth-conditional semantics, verification-conditional semantics, and deflationism. Early in the last century there was a debate ... More


Coherence and the Hierarchy of Method

Keith Lehrer

in Metamind

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248507
eISBN:
9780191681141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248507.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses a traditional theory of scientific method and presents what is considered to be a salient criticism. It also considers an alternative coherence theory of scientific method ... More


Essays on Ethics and Method

Henry Sidgwick

Marcus G. Singer (ed.)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this collection of papers, Sidgwick develops his view of universal hedonism or Bentham‐like utilitarianism, according to which the only way to reconcile a desire for one's own good with the ... More


Mathematical Concepts: Fruitfulness and Naturalness

Jamie Tappenden

in The Philosophy of Mathematical Practice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199296453
eISBN:
9780191711961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296453.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter addresses the question of when one concept or definition is properly regarded as more ‘natural’ than another with reference to the principle that a mark of good definitions is their ... More


Understanding Proofs

Jeremy Avigad

in The Philosophy of Mathematical Practice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199296453
eISBN:
9780191711961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296453.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In informal speech, ascriptions of mathematical understanding are typically clarified by spelling out the kinds of abilities an agent is assumed to possess. This chapter argues that such an approach ... More


Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle: The Exaltation and Deposition Of Ostensive Definition

P. M. S Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Wittgenstein’s account of ostensive definition is examined. Its influence upon the reflections of members of the Vienna Circle is outlined, and their misunderstandings of Wittgenstein’s account are ... More


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