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A Philosophy of Evidence Law: Justice in the Search for Truth

H. L. Ho

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228300
eISBN:
9780191711336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228300.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The dominant approach to evaluating the law of evidence takes the standpoint of a detached observer and focuses on how the trial system should be structured to guard against the production of wrong ... More


Economic Development and Income Distribution

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the question of whether there is a connection between income distribution and the macro-economy. The debate surrounding Kuznets’ inverted ‘U-shaped’ hypothesis is explained. ... More


A Verdict, but No Resolution

Cynthia B. Herrup

in A House in Gross Disorder: Sex, Law, and the 2nd Earl of Castlehaven

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195139259
eISBN:
9780199848966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139259.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The most striking thing about the prosecution against the 2nd Earl of Castlehaven was the diversity of fears that the attorneys invoked in their presentations. The crimes of which the Earl was ... More


Epilogue

Paul E. Johnson and Sean Wilentz

in The Kingdom of Matthias

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195098358
eISBN:
9780199854134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098358.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This section provides details of the aftermath of the Prophet Matthias's incarceration and conveys various newspapers' accounts at the outcome of Matthias's trial. It reports that Matthias's ... More


Scotch Verdict: The Real-Life Story That Inspired "The Children's Hour"

Lillian Faderman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163255
eISBN:
9780231533249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163255.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In 1810, a Scottish student named Jane Cumming accused her school mistresses, Jane Pirie and Marianne Woods, of having an affair in the presence of their students. Dame Helen Cumming Gordon, the ... More


Not Guilty: Are the Acquitted Innocent?

Daniel Givelber and Amy Farrell

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732175
eISBN:
9780814725344
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732175.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

As scores of death row inmates are exonerated by DNA evidence and innocence commissions are set up across the country, conviction of the innocent has become a well-recognized problem. But the U.S. ... More


Aesthetic and Non‐Aesthetic

Frank Sibley

in Approach to Aesthetics: Collected Papers on Philosophical Aesthetics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238997
eISBN:
9780191598418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238991.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Sibley distinguishes aesthetic judgements, non-aesthetic judgements, and verdicts. Verdicts are purely evaluative, while the (initially intuitive) distinction between aesthetic and non-aesthetic ... More


Radical Enfranchisement in the Jury Room

Sonali Chakravarti

in Radical Enfranchisement in the Jury Room and Public Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226654157
eISBN:
9780226654324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226654324.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

An orientation of radical enfranchisement emerges from (1) the civic education that must occur prior to jury service, (2) the learning that is scaffolded by the conventions of the trial, and (3) the ... More


The Justification of Verdictive Beliefs

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Develops a version of reliabilism about moral knowledge, in an effort to explain how we can have knowledge of all‐things‐considered moral verdicts. Considers a number of objections to reliabilism, ... More


The New Zealand Jury: Towards Reform

Neil Cameron, Susan Potter, and Warren Young

in World Jury Systems

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298564
eISBN:
9780191705236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298564.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter focuses on the jury system in New Zealand. Topics discussed include the history of jury trial in New Zealand, the availability of jury trial, juror selection in criminal trials, jury ... More


The Interest of the State and the Rule of Law

Neil MacCormick

in Questioning Sovereignty: Law, State, and Nation in the European Commonwealth

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198268765
eISBN:
9780191713118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268765.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter examines how far any particular state does live up to the rule of law, thereby achieving the character of a law-state. It focuses on a case in the United Kingdom (UK) involving the ... More


Causation

Barry Stroud

in Engagement and Metaphysical Dissatisfaction: Modality and Value

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764969
eISBN:
9780199894970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764969.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that understanding ourselves as believing in causal connections held fully independently of us and our having the responses we do is inconsistent with accepting a negative ... More


Necessity

Barry Stroud

in Engagement and Metaphysical Dissatisfaction: Modality and Value

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764969
eISBN:
9780199894970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764969.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter explores the way the epistemological doctrine of the a priori character of our knowledge of necessity imposes constraints on the metaphysical investigation of the status of necessity ... More


Value

Barry Stroud

in Engagement and Metaphysical Dissatisfaction: Modality and Value

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764969
eISBN:
9780199894970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764969.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter argues that attending to our evaluative judgments and practices as they actually are leaves us unable to see them all together from a position that somehow reveals their relation to an ... More


The Trials

Kevin Jon Heller

in The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter serves as a reference for the rest of the book. It provides a synopsis of each of the twelve trials that were actually held — the counts in the indictment, biographical information about ... More


The Making of an Imperial Critic, 1875–81

Edwin Hirschmann

in Robert Knight: Reforming Editor in Victorian India

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195696226
eISBN:
9780199080557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195696226.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses Knight's views on imperial issues. Despite his liberal background, Knight had not been dogmatically anti-Tory in 1876. He even wrote that he thought the Conservatives better ... More


Remedying miscarriages of justice: the history of the Court of Criminal Appeal

Richard Nobles and David Schiff

in Understanding Miscarriages of Justice: Law, the Media and the Inevitability of a Crisis

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298939
eISBN:
9780191685552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298939.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

If miscarriage of justice is a tragic choice situation, we might expect to find that the changes in institutional arrangements that occur in response to recognised miscarriages of justice do not ... More


Damages and Costs

Sir John Baker

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume VI 1483–1558

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198258179
eISBN:
9780191681806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198258179.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter examines the practice of awarding and evaluating damages and costs in the judicial system in England during the Tudor period. The assessment of damages was seen as an exercise in ... More


True Exceptions: Defeasibility and Particularism *

Bruno Celano

in The Logic of Legal Requirements: Essays on Defeasibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661640
eISBN:
9780191745461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661640.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The identity assumption is part and parcel of the notion that some norms are not barely wrong, but defeasible. There are various ways of substantiating the identity assumption, corresponding to some ... More


Trial Day Fifteen: Saturday, September 10, 1966

Peter H. Reid

in Every Hill a Burial Place: The Peace Corps Murder Trial in East Africa

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780813179988
eISBN:
9780813179995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813179988.003.0036
Subject:
History, World Modern History

On Saturday, September 10, the judge announces he will not instruct the assessors until Monday. He also issues a bench warrant for the photographer who had taken photos of the scene but who had ... More


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