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The Somatic Marker Hypothesis and Its Neural Basis: Using Past Experiences to Forecast the Future in Decision Making

Antoine Bechara

in Predictions in the Brain: Using Our Past to Generate a Future

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195395518
eISBN:
9780199897230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395518.003.0048
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter proposes a neural framework for how some of the factors affecting decision-making may be implemented in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). Information conveying delay in the ... More


Contributions of Ventromedial Prefrontal and Frontal Polar Cortex to Reinforcement Learning and Value-Based Choice

Erie D. Boorman and MaryAnn P. Noonan

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers the functional contributions of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC), the adjacent lateral orbital frontal cortex (OFC), and the frontal polar cortex (FPC) to ... More


Decision Making in Frontal Cortex: From Single Units to fMRI

Steven W. Kennerley and Philippe N. Tobler

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents recent findings from single neuron electrophysiology and functional neuroimaging with respect to the role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), the lateral prefrontal cortex ... More


Prosociality as a Form of Reward Seeking

Jamil Zaki and Jason P. Mitchell

in Positive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199977925
eISBN:
9780190608972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977925.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Humans are the world champions of prosociality: we help, share resources with, and cooperate with others at a breathtaking rate. At one time, our propensity for prosocial acts confused both ... More


Contextual bias and insulation against bias during aesthetic rating: The roles of VMPFC and DLPFC in neural valuation

Ulrich Kirk and David Freedberg

in Art, Aesthetics, and the Brain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199670000
eISBN:
9780191793479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670000.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

The scientific study of aesthetic experience through the examination of the neural correlates of sensory and motor responses works of art and to other visual images has thrived during the last ... More


Frames of Reference in Human Social Decision Making

Laurence T. Hunt and Timothy E. J. Behrens

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter argues that understanding the frame of reference in which neural activity changes is fundamental to understanding the function of that activity. It discusses how social influences modify ... More


Could Meditation Modulate the Neurobiology of Learning Not to Fear?

Britta K. Hölzel, Sara W. Lazar, and Mohammed R. Milad

in Positive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199977925
eISBN:
9780190608972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977925.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

There is a relative paucity of theoretical models that address the mechanisms that might underlie the effects of mindfulness practice. We provide a hypothesis that mindfulness meditation practice ... More


Cognitive Processes and Behaviours

Sven Braeutigam and Peter Kenning

in An Integrative Guide to Consumer Neuroscience

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
March 2022
ISBN:
9780198789932
eISBN:
9780191835650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789932.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Vision

This chapter on cognitive processes and behaviours introduces and describes core concepts of psychology, consumer research and behavioural economics that are relevant to consumer neuroscience. The ... More


Proximate Mechanisms of Individual Decision-Making Behavior

Paul W. Glimcher

in Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035385
eISBN:
9780262337717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035385.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

In the early twentieth century, neoclassical economic theorists began to explore mathematical models of maximization. The theories of human behavior that they produced explored how optimal human ... More


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