Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-17 of 17 items

  • Keywords: veil of ignorance x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Multiple Perspectives of the Patient as Victim and Vector View

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents the full exposition of the PVV view: that ethical problems in infectious disease should be analyzed, and clinical practices, research agendas, and public policies developed, ... More


Impartiality, Solidarity, and Distributive Justice

John E. Roemer

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the role of impartiality in theories of distributive justice. Impartiality is modelled by Rawls in his famous thought experiment of a veil of ignorance, where individuals reason ... More


 The Basic Idea: Justice as Fairness

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The original position, which is Rawls's account of a hypothetical contract, is examined in how it plays an important role in a Rawlsian conception on justice. Through the original position, justice ... More


Political Obligation and the Natural Duties of Justice

George Klosko

in Political Obligations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256204
eISBN:
9780191602351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256209.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In recent years, certain theorists, most notably John Rawls, have attempted to establish general political obligations based on so-called ‘natural duties of justice’. However, because natural duties ... More


Which Rights Should Be Universal?

William Talbott

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this book, William Talbott builds on the work of J.S. Mill, John Rawls, and Jürgen Habermas to develop a new equilibrium model for moral reasoning, in which moral reasoning is primarily bottom-up, ... More


Proposed Justifications

David S. Wendler

in The Ethics of Pediatric Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730087
eISBN:
9780199776689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730087.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 4 focuses on evaluating arguments which grant the concerns raised by nonbeneficial pediatric research, and then try to meet Ramsey's challenge. The chapter first considers Utilitarian ... More


Utilitarianism, Justice, and Equality

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The 1970s saw a wave of attacks on utilitarianism and consequentialism, favouring theories of good government based on contract, whereby what was good followed from what was right, rather than vice ... More


Veiled Deliberation

Albert Weale

in Modern Social Contract Theory

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198853541
eISBN:
9780191887963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853541.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Rawls’s theory of justice has been the centre-point of modern social contract theory over decades. Given the breadth and extent of Rawls’s work, there are many problems in treating the arguments in ... More


Contractarianism

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Contractarianism is more than a theory of the origin or legitimacy of states. Agreements required for productive cooperation, or merely for peaceful coexistence, are held to be the basis for ... More


AN EPISTEMICALLY MODEST UNIVERSAL MORAL STANDPOINT

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott uses the life of Bartolomé de Las Casas to illustrate the importance of bottom-up moral reasoning. He shows how Las Casas’s experiences in the Americas could have contributed ... More


Contractual Reconstructions

Albert Weale

in Modern Social Contract Theory

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198853541
eISBN:
9780191887963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853541.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the twilight of utilitarianism contract theorist sought to respond to the problems that utilitarianism had thrown up. How successful were they? Our review of contract theory has shown that it is ... More


Genes and Groups as Agents

Samir Okasha

in Agents and Goals in Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815082
eISBN:
9780191852909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815082.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind

In some applications of agential thinking in evolutionary biology, genes and groups, rather than individuals, are the entities that are treated as agents with goals. The genes-as-agents concept is ... More


Decisions Behind the Veil: An Experimental Approach

Justin P. Bruner

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Volume 2

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198815259
eISBN:
9780191853012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815259.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the behavior of individuals placed in circumstances approximating the ‘veil of ignorance.’ Unlike previous experiments of Rawls’ veil, it considers Rawls’ fair equality of ... More


Primary Rights

Kevin Vallier

in Must Politics Be War?: Restoring Our Trust in the Open Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190632830
eISBN:
9780190632861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190632830.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The ideas of moral peace, a system of trust, and public justification explain the need for a legal system that corrects and stabilizes moral rules that form the basis for social trust. Legal rules ... More


Purpose and Professionalization

Georges Romme

in The Quest for Professionalism: The Case of Management and Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198737735
eISBN:
9780191801266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737735.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

A major challenge in professionalizing management is explored in this chapter: professional purpose. The pluralistic and fragmented nature of the management research landscape appears to inhibit any ... More


Uncertainty and Justifiability to Each Person: Response to Fleurbaey and Voorhoeve

Johann Frick

in Inequalities in Health: Concepts, Measures, and Ethics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199931392
eISBN:
9780199345731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931392.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper responds to the arguments of Marc Fleurbaey and Alex Voorhoeve in “Decide as You Would with Full Information! An Argument against ex ante Pareto” (this volume). According to the ex ante ... More


Introduction

Pierre Pestieau and Mathieu Lefebvre

in The Welfare State in Europe: Economic and Social Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198817055
eISBN:
9780191858673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817055.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This introduction is devoted to the definition of the concepts of a welfare state, social protection, and social insurance, and to the different foundations, both normative and positive, underlying ... More


View: