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Historical Interpretations of Flower Induction and Flower Development

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The modern analysis of flowers and flowering rests on description and interpretation of plant form. Chief among these is Goethe's foliar theory, which proposes that all aerial plant organs are ... More


When thoughts become actions: Neuroimaging in non-responsive patients

Adrian M. Owen

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

In recent years, rapid technological developments in the field of neuroimaging have provided new methods for revealing thoughts, actions and intentions based solely on the pattern of activity that is ... More


Fragments of Consciousness?

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter evaluates the tenability of the unity thesis by examining the evidence for phenomenal disunity within the context of number of quite different domains. The first third of the chapter ... More


Disorders of Consciousness and the Permanent Vegetative State

Lois Shepherd

in If That Ever Happens to Me: Making Life and Death Decisions after Terri Schiavo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832950
eISBN:
9781469605746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888643_shepherd.5
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines what we know and are learning about the permanent vegetative state and the minimally conscious state, as well as the new, promising techniques to distinguish between the two. It ... More


Disorders of Consciousness Following Severe Brain Injury

Joseph J. Fins and Nicholas D. Schiff

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the diagnostic classification of disorders of consciousness, severe brain injuries that span a spectrum of brain states ranging from coma to the vegetative and minimally ... More


Resting-State Activity and Qualia

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

After having discussed the role of the resting state and its prephenomenal structures, the volume now moves on to how they are manifested on the phenomenal level of consciousness. Qualia are ... More


Philosophical and Future Perspectives

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Here we review the philosophical implications of the theory presented in previous chapters, and its consequences for future research. This leads us to demarcate the current theory from classical ... More


Psychology and Personal Identity

Eric T. Olson

in The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134230
eISBN:
9780199833528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134230.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Most philosophers agree that some sort of psychological continuity is necessary or sufficient for us to persist – the Psychological Approach to personal identity. Some implications of this view are ... More


I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Sarah D. Richmond, Geraint Rees, and Sarah J. L. Edwards (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Since the 1980s, MRI scanners have told us much about brain function and played an important role in the clinical diagnosis of a number of conditions — both in the brain and the rest of the body. ... More


Endings

Jeff McMahan

in The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195079982
eISBN:
9780199833443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195079981.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that we must have two concepts of death – the death or ceasing to exist of the person and the death of the human organism. Brain death is not the proper criterion for either of these. ... More


Nancy Cruzan and “The Right to Die”

George Anastaplo

in Reflections on Life, Death, and the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125336
eISBN:
9780813135243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125336.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the United States Supreme Court Opinion on the case of Nancy Cruzan who had been severely injured in an automobile accident on January 11, 1983. It notes that Cruzan remained ... More


Rest–Stimulus Interaction and Qualia

Georg Northoff

in Unlocking the Brain: Volume 2: Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199826995
eISBN:
9780199979776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826995.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

After having discussed the direct relationship of the resting state activity to consciousness, the book now turns to stimulus-induced activity. More specifically, he aims to investigate how the ... More


What Is It Like To Be in a Disorder of Consciousness?

Caroline Schnakers

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explains and contrasts various scales that neurologists use to measure consciousness. These scales attempt to differentiate patients in a minimally conscious state from those in a ... More


Decoding Thoughts in Behaviorally Nonresponsive Patients

Adrian M. Owen and Lorina Naci

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes the recently developed methods by which neuroscientists can detect consciousness in severely brain-damaged patients. These methods involve the use of functional magnetic ... More


Minimally Conscious States and Pain: A Different Approach to Patient Ethics

Valerie Gray Hardcastle

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In this chapter, Hardcastle questions whether consciousness determines how much we should care about a living being. Instead of consciousness, Hardcastle focuses on pain and argues that consciousness ... More


Justice, Profound Neurological Injury, and Brain Death

Michael Nair-Collins and James M. Hitt

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0040
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines issues of social justice as it pertains to the provision of health care for individuals suffering from profound neurological injury and brain death. Advances in neurology enable ... More


Introduction

Lois Shepherd

in If That Ever Happens to Me: Making Life and Death Decisions after Terri Schiavo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832950
eISBN:
9781469605746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888643_shepherd.4
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter begins with an overview of the Terri Schiavo case. In 1998, eight years after the collapse that caused Terri to enter a vegetative state, her husband, Michael Schiavo, began ... More


Feeding

Lois Shepherd

in If That Ever Happens to Me: Making Life and Death Decisions after Terri Schiavo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832950
eISBN:
9781469605746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888643_shepherd.12
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the impetus, motivations, and ultimate goals of the provision of basic care, and how these relate to the patient in a permanent vegetative state. It argues that while providing ... More


Challenges to a Circulatory–Respiratory Criterion for Death

Franklin G. Miller and Robert D. Truog

in Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199739172
eISBN:
9780199918683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739172.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 4 is devoted to a critical consideration of brain-based objections to the sole reliance on the traditional criteria for determining death. Starting with the assumption that brain death ... More


What Is Good for Them? Best Interests and Severe Disorders of Consciousness

Jennifer Hawkins

in Finding Consciousness: The Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law of Severe Brain Damage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780190280307
eISBN:
9780190280338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190280307.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Hawkins sees the moral debates surrounding brain-damaged patients as coming down to two questions: whether the patients suffer and whether they derive benefit from their lives. In Hawkins’ view, life ... More


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