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Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Rosalind James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Bees play a vital role as pollinators for many agricultural crops. This book discusses the interplay between bees, agriculture, and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as ... More


Coastal habitats

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses a range of intertidal habitats, mudflats, saltmarsh, and sandy and shingle beaches, together with habitats beyond the usual upper tidal limit, which are affected by coastal ... More


Yellowstone's Destabilized Ecosystem: Elk Effects, Science, and Policy Conflict

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195148213
eISBN:
9780199790449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148213.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Historical accounts, park records, and biologists' observations indicated that wintering elk in Yellowstone's northern range were present in low numbers prior to and at park establishment in 1872; ... More


Stochastic soil moisture dynamics and vegetation response

Amilcare Porporato and Ignacio Rodríguez-Iturbe

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes work on a stochastic soil moisture model that has been used to investigate the relationship between the hydrologic and vegetation dynamics ecohydrology in water-controlled ... More


WATER AND WETLANDS

Ernest H. Williams

in The Nature Handbook: A Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179293
eISBN:
9780199790470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

The presence of water in a wetland exerts as strong an effect as the lack of water in a desert. Wet-zone vegetation includes plants that are wetland indicators and those with specialized underwater ... More


MOUNTAINS

Ernest H. Williams

in The Nature Handbook: A Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179293
eISBN:
9780199790470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

This chapter describes the responses of trees to elevational gradients and the characteristics of plants (and one or two animals) that must cope with cold climates on the tops of mountains. The ... More


Freshwater community interactions and malaria

Eliška Rejmánková, John Grieco, Nicole Achee, Penny Masuoka, Kevin Pope, Donald Roberts, and Richard M. Higashi

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The incidence of malaria has recently increased in many parts of the tropics. This increase is due mainly to drug resistance and the failure of disease control measures. But changes in vector ... More


Estimating Moss and Lichen Ground Layer Net Primary Production in Tundra, Peatlands, and Forests

Dale H. Vitt

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Bryophytes and lichens comprise a high proportion of biomass and primary production in many high latitude ecosystems. This chapter outlines the special problems encountered and approaches available ... More


Forest structure and composition

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes methods that can be used to characterize communities of tree species based on a field survey, focusing on the methods that are most commonly used today. Information is also ... More


Forest as habitat

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes methods for assessing a series of habitat variables, including deadwood volume, vertical stand structure, characteristics of forest fragments and edge effects, and the ... More


Case Study: Monitoring Shifts in Plant Diversity in Response to Climate Change

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Improved sampling designs are needed to detect, monitor, and predict plant migrations and plant diversity changes caused by climate change and other human activities. This chapter provides a ... More


Carbon sequestration

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

While traditionally ecology textbooks only discuss the short term carbon cycle, the role of life has been crucial in the geological long term carbon cycle through processes such as silicate ... More


Habitat assessment

William J. Sutherland and Rhys E. Green

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Most field studies incorporate measures of habitat extent and quality. How to devise a protocol for recording habitat is described. The section on physical environment describes how to measure ... More


Given Enough Time …

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines James Lovelock's assertion that the Earth's atmosphere is a biological construct that is distinctly different from any expected abiotic chemical equilibrium. This claim can be ... More


Vegetation

Grady L. Webster and Robert M. Rhode

in Plant Diversity of an Andean Cloud Forest: Inventory of the Vascular Flora of Maquipucuna, Ecuador

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098305
eISBN:
9780520915930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098305.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The vegetation of Maquipucuna is prevailingly evergreen rain forest of considerable complexity. The cloud forest in the reserve includes both lower montane rain forest and upper montane rain forest. ... More


Shifting Landscapes: The Making and Remaking of Village Commons in India

Rita Brara

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195673012
eISBN:
9780199081813
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673012.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This book goes into the realm of villagers who depend on a combination of private farms and common grazing lands for a livelihood. It concentrates on the social framing of village commons and its ... More


The History of Vegetation Classification and Mapping in California

Todd Keeler-Wolf

in Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249554
eISBN:
9780520933361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249554.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the history and development of mapping and classification of vegetation, first describing early mapping efforts of California's vegetation in the late 1800s and in the early ... More


Newton’s Early Alchemical Theoricae: Preliminary Considerations

William R. Newman

in Newton the Alchemist

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691174877
eISBN:
9780691185033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174877.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on two remarkable treatises that Newton wrote in the period between 1670 and 1674, Humores minerales and Of Natures obvious laws & processes in vegetation, which provide a ... More


Toward a General Theory of Vegetability and Mechanism

William R. Newman

in Newton the Alchemist

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691174877
eISBN:
9780691185033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174877.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Newton's treatise, Of Natures obvious laws & processes in vegetation. The treatise begins with a detailed consideration of the similarities and differences between mineral ... More


Lucency and Florescences

John Beer

in Coleridge's Play of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574018
eISBN:
9780191723100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574018.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Coleridge's lifelong interest in light and illumination in all their guises is focused particularly on the phenomenon of the ‘glory’. He is also attracted to individuals such as Charles Lamb and his ... More


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